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%lank Booh Manulacturers. 

Entered at the Post Office of New York. N. T.. as teeond-clntt matUr. 

. KELLEV, , 

e Edit: 


Vol. VI.— No. 11. 

Lessons in Practical Writing. 

No. VI. 

By Henry C. Spencer. 

Copyrighted, Kovcmber, 1682, by Spencer Brother!. 

> Position and Movements. 
—We have long considered Dickens's de- 
spription of Sam Weller writing a " Wal- 
entine" to bia "Mary, my dear," &b the 
happiest thing in that line ever published ; 
but Dickens has been outdone by one of 
our own countrymen. On the occasion of a 
public meeting, recently held at Geneva, 
Oliiu, to take lupasures fur the establish- 
nieot of a "Plait 11 Spencer Memorial 
Library " in that charming village, the Hon. 
Darius Cadwell, oFCIcvelamlya-fA^r^ed the 
— «it«enB. Tn ttift rourse of his Address, 
speaking of lija own attendance, as a pupil, 
at a writing-school taught by Piatt R. 
Spencer, in Jefferson, tlie cniniy seat of 
Ashtabula County, Ohio, in 1842. in the 

ballroom of what was then called the \Vc-T)-~t T w rt -t h cai 

Bier House, he said : 

I suppose I waa juet about as awkward b8 
the otlipp boya and youiigaters that attended 
the school. It JB perfpclly wonderful what a 
change can be wrought in an awkward felli.w 
in a short lime. Just think of ii : A boy sil- 
ling down to a table in his chair prepan-d to 
wriif, with hiB toes well anchored around the 
legs of the chair, both arms sprawled out ii])ou 
[he table, Ina pen clutched as light in his hand 
H8 though he expected if he ehonld lose his hold 
upon it it would be instant death lo him, and the 
sweat pouring off of him. Avaiu, you see his 
head moving tins way and that, his tongue out, 
and his ears raising up one way and then 
the other, and every part of Lis body seeming 
to follow the motion of his pen. It ia very hard 
work. If he should happen to be writing a 
love-li-tter, what a labor of love that would be. 
But under the instruction of Prof. Spencer how 
soon all thiit vanished. 

What a graphic deacription ol hi 
do it has Judge Cadwell given us 

liEviEW.— In onr last lesson we com- 
pleted the thirteen short letters, a, c, e, t, m 

forms, in their alphabetic order, in mental 
review if you would 6x them in mind. Tliis 
cImss of letters, as you have learned, consti- 
tutes the body of your writing, and should 
always bo written uniformly as to hight, 
slant and spacing, and be joined iu words by 
a progroseive movement of the forearm and 
hand from left to right across the page. 

TuE Semi-Extended Letters— (, d 
p, ?, are introduced in this lesson. They 
extend, as to bight and length, midway 
betneeo the short letters, and the full ex- 
tt-nded letters. 

It would be well to rule slanting guidft- 
lines to aid 

7 not to 

ljC iloV-iitBTcise/ Conipo-mKiMovJ 

PC. SerQL-Ed£n£edl.ett€r3 


Zv^ C. Word writing Mmd joming of qu. 

and retractive action of the forearm, hand with, but business- writers find it very con- 
and fingers, combined, becomes prominent in I venient; it is therefore taught, 
proportion to the lem^th of the strokes exe- j oj r^ \tr ir 

^ ,\ ^ . fu 1 J n , ■ .. 3d Copy: Words— You can now in- 

cuted. See cut of Hand and Pen, designed to , , , i . 

' ° , , , corporate the seini-extended letters mto 
illustrate the proper movement fur extended . j ..■ . .- , 

, mi. 1 ^ . ' your handwriting by practice upon the 

strokes. The strokes of the copy are otMiX-' j r .u- wl i ■ 

V*^^ *™* "^ ^"'^ «»py. When you beijin a 
ord with (, d, or q, be sure to have the 


letigth^or two ruled spac 
might also he 
US securing addition}^ 
Shading, properly done, adds greatly 

balanced nu the muscular 
rest that you can slide promptly away and 
joio the next letter without any hitch or 

To trace a word, naming or numbering 
the strokes ihroughout, is excellent p'-ac- 
tice, before writing with ink ; it helps to 
secure regularity of movement, and a clear 
knowledge of successive strokes. Occasion- 
When ink is iu the pen, [ ally, try left-hand practice— the right-hand 
the teeth, forming width of ' practice will he assisted by it. 

After practicing and criticizing the words 
of the copy until you can write them easily 
and well, other words containing the semi- 
extended letters, with short letters, may be 
practiced. Be caretul not to choose words 
containing letters which have not yet been 
taught iu this course of lessons. Would 
suggest such words as the following : ate, 
date, pant, paint, deep, steep, pump, quote, 
piqtte, equip, quinque, etc. 

As you write, criticize your position, the 

action of arm and hand, the size, slant, 

spacing and shading of your words, and 

2d Copy : Fokms op Letters.— Study j 6'^^ yourself due credit whenever you per- 

the relation of i to (, a to d, n to p, of final ' '^®'^*' ^'"^'' y*"* ^^^^ improved in any respect. 

Practice upon yi 

of-yoTiT-^n without Ink, 
by pressing it squarely upon the paper to 
spread the teeth, then move it downward as 
you would to make a slanting straight line, 
and gradually diminish the pressure 
the teeth ch 
it liows betM 

shade corresponding to their separation. 
■Observe that the straight strokes of the 
first group are shaded square at top, and 
taper downward, as in t and d, and the 
strokes of the second group are the same as 
the first inverted, or light at top and square 
at base, as in p and final t. In the third 
ve the straight line and coin- 
combined, forming the fold of 

group w< 
pound ci 
small .;. 

Train, perseveringly, 
making the strokes, in l 
the tick of a clock. 

these groups, 
i, as regular as 


Ist Copy: Movement— The projective 

( to p, and a to q. See how the short letters 
form the basis of the longer ones. 

The width of shade in t and d at top, and 
p and final ( at base, should not exceed the 
width of three light downward strokes 
drawn side by side. 

Small (. AVhat is its hight, width ; where 
its cross; how broad its turn? Name and 
number its strokes. How long is the first 
stroke of ( r How irmch of first stroke is 
visible in the completed letter I Practice i 
and ( alternately. 

Study and practice d, p, final ( and q, ac- 
cording to the method above indicated. 
Final t, observe, is light at top, shaded 
square at base, and has one stroke less than 
the first form. Its use might be dispensed 

frequently, ; 
ally, with left-hand. 
Also write specimen of your plain pen- 
manship, and couipare it with the sample 
you wrote at the beginning of this course. 

The Mission of a Newspaper- 

Uy Mary E. Martin. 
The sun had just set, and the work about 
farmer Moaby's barn was over. Great heaps 
of wheat were j)nt away, and twenty tired 
men were wending their way to the house. 
This was what the western farmers railed 
"neighboring." When the wheat was all 
ready to be threshed, the farmers, for miles 
around, would come and give the extra help 
needed, and in one day finish the work- 
each helping the other: showing that in 

this cold world of ours not all the milk of 
human kindness was quite dried up; and 
this mutual depeudeuce was a close bond 
between them. Does not this come nearer 
answering the question, " Who is my neigh- 
bor?" than the bits of cardboard Mrs. 
Jones pushes under Mrs. Brown's door, de- 
voutly hoping she is not at home, or those 
cards brought by t^eir husbands in person 
on New Year's ? 

Twenty tired men stood before the pump, 
near the kitchen-door of farmer Mosby'a 
house. They were dusty enough, from 
working in the wheat, but their toilets were 
soon arranged in a very primitive manner. 

"Come, Charlie," said the farmer, "lift 
the end of that trough, and pump these men 

The young man did as he was bidden, 
and lifted the end of the trough where the 
horses usually drank, made it level, and 
then pumped the trough full of the clear 
crystal water. The men bathed their hot 
faces, washed their dusty necks, and walked 
all the way to the house to wipe them dry, 
there, taking turns at the endless long 
towel >.j the roller. Those who wished, 
smoothed their hair with the little bite of 
comb stuck under the single-paned look- 
ing-glass in the kitchen. 

What a comic sight it was to Julia Rey- 
nolds, as she lay quietly in the hammock 
beneath the trees ! To a city girl who has 
never seen this primitive way of arranging 
the toilet it seemed part of a play. Charlie 
Mushy, passing near the hammock, caught 
the mirthful look on Julia's face, and felt 
more keenly than over how little of the re- 
finements of life they had on the farm. He 
had a longing for things different, even 
before this family came from the city, to 
board at the farm ; but since their 
advent it had seemed intolerable. Charlie 
would never make a farmer, his father had 
said ; and it never seemed truer to Charlie 
than on this evening when he let down the 
bars and went into the milking, and his 
thoughts would wander back to the trim, 
white-robed figure in the hammock, and 
wondered why he could not oven be con- 
tent with the drudgery of the farm as he 
once had been. Only that day, at dinner — 
he mentally ran on as he milked — he had 
seen Julia Reynolds look around her plate 
for her napkin, and he could not repress a 
smile as he thought that there had never 
been such an article in the house. 

The chores were over, and Charlie Mosby 
took his pencil, paper, and an old atlas, and 
sat down at the far end of the kitchen- 
porch. Ho was slowly trying to copy 
something, when Julia Reynolds, passing 
behind him, saw plainly what it was — a 
wrapper, from one of her papers, which she 
ha<l thrown aside that morning. As the 
handwriting was beautiful ( Cousin Will 
wrote well) she did not wonder that the 
young man tried to copy it; but what a 
hand ho wrote 1 Was there anything ever 
so stiff and awkward I 

She passed on, up to her mother's room, 
and, as she entered, said ; " Mother, I saw 
Charlie Mosby trying to improve his hand- 
writing by copying that newspaper- wrapper 
Cousin Will sent. Do you think he will be 

offeuiled if I givo him those specimens of 
fine haDiInrintig I have with met" 

" \m," said her mother ; *' I do not think 
thty aro people who lake offense ejii-ily. nnd 
if you could do anything to help llio young 
man it would be b hlessinp. There is little 
oodugh in his life, and he scema sadly out 
of place on this farm. Not that I do not 
think fanning ifl just f/ie thing ; but it does 

Julia took the speciinons, and went down 
to the porch. Young Mosby was soiuteres*. 
I'd in his work that he did not hear her 
coming, nud loolted up a little startled, but 
•luifkly ren.vered himself. 

" I rould not help seeing what you were 
doiug, Mr. Mosby," said Julia, " and I have 
brought you some specimens which are very 

Then, in the twilight gloaming, Julia 
Rt^yuolda sat down by the young man and 
ex}'!ained how he could improve. Eveiy 
evi'iiiug found them on the porch, or, when 
tln' work was done, at the kitchen- table, 
with their writing. The young man daily 
iin|jroved, but only through hard work ; 
for \w bad to overcome many an obstacle 
that lay in his old handwriting. 

1 1 WHS at the close of one ()f their evening 

exercises, and Julia was telling young Mosby 

how- Car he had excelled her Cousin Will, 

id added : " That remiuda me that Cousin 

the light spring - wagon, and both 
jumped in. Mosby drew up the reins, and 
the horse started at a quick pace. 

Will Ilurgess wa-« waruily greeted by his 
relatives. He appeared disposed to be 
rather pleasant with the family, but rather 
in a patronizing way. 

What was to be done with Sunday? was 
a grave ijuestion of tlie inmates of the farm 
house. There was no service at the meet- 
ing house near, so it was finally agreed that 
the young people should go to a Sunday- 
school, a few miles below them. Jnlia, 
coming out on the porch, where her cousin 
was smoking, said : " What do you think of 
'Wild-Cat' Sunday-school for a name, 
Cousin Will f" 

" Oh, it is your fun, Juliarl " 

"No, I assure you, this Sunday-school 
where we are going is called 'Wild-Cat' 
Sunday-school, and that do 

' What, Aunt Eunice, and live like he 

Yes, Will, he has made it all, an 
<D to work just as hard i 


Mrs. Keynolds succeeded better than she 
at first thought with the older Mr. Mosby. 
He consented, saying, " He might as well 
go; for since he has taken up with writing, 
I don't believe he will do much else." 

Charlie Mosby went back to the city with 
the Reyuolds family and Will Burgess. Ho 
entered the business-college,and felt that now 
he was in his right element. There was a 
stimulus in the bustle of the city that n>rved 
him up for his work. His handwriting was 
much admired in the college, und soon at- 
tracted the attention of the first talent in 
the city. When he was througli with his 
studies he was oflered a position as a. teacher 
in the same college. The President, as 
odd as to see on the banner, standing by the [ he made the offer, said; '* I consider you, 
pulpit,' Wild-Cat Sabbath-echool,' in bright [ Mr. Mosby, the finest writer, for your age, 
letters. The first time I saw it I could not i iu our country ; and indeed, in any other 
keep my eyes away; but before service was country you would be looked upon as a 
over, I thought that its name was not such prodigy in writing." 

The I'oys at the end of the ' Charlie Mosby accepted the offer. His 

church piled the benches 
and were jumping ov 
Julia lieynolda arranged thai 1 
back — much to Will 

e on another, ' face glowed with pleasure at the praise. As 

them during he passed out from the presence of the 

' President, he t<)ok from his pocket a book 

« they should ! {which had been securely put away), and 

spa per- wrapper. 

felt a deep interest in his success*. Onr 
morning Will Burgess wfts driving down- 
town on his way to the Board of Trade. 
At the cc.rner of one of the priuripal sln-eis 
he met Charlie Mosby. *'Good mornin;,', 
Mosby, are you going on 'Change f " 
'• Yes," replied Mosby. 
''Well, let me take you down." 
After Charlie Mosby had seated himpclt 
in the phieton, and pulled the robe c«nnf«>rt- 
ably around him, Will Burgess said: " I 
widh you would take the reins, Mosby. .My 
wrist is giving me so much pain that I did 
not know what I should do. I looked upon 
it as a special providence when I saw yu 
crossing the street. You see, I remenibered 
how well you used to manage a horse." 



you t 

saviuff That for, Mr. 

"But for that. 

with that sprained wrist!" said Mosby. 

" I don't doubt but I am; but it is t 
irksome to stay in with it." 

Charlie Mosby got out at the Board 
Trade, fastened the horse, promised to la 
Will Burgess back, and was soon so ii 
mcrsed in business that everything else w 
forgotten. He had been an hour iu tl 
buildiug when some trivial business toi 
him into the Secretary's offii 
scarcely taken his seat, when Will Burge; 
came in with his face so white that Cliarl 
Mosby sprang up from the table and said 
"Will, does your hand give you so unic 
pain as that f " 


Miss Julia. I i 


never have been attracted to writing ; " and 
he added, '* It has had its mission to me in 
another way." 

The train that was to bring Cousin Will 
Bureess from the city reached the little 
stiLiioii, two miles away, at niyht ; so it fell 
to Chailie Mosby to go for hiiu. The train 
was late that night, and young Mosby felt a 
greater repugnance than ever lo his hn as 
lu' walked back and forth, waiting. The 
grocery-store was depot, post office, aud store 
iu one. Two coal-oil lamps in the store 
lit up the gloom a liltle, but only threw 
H darker shadow over things at a distance. 
A tallow candle Bickered au-l flared on the 
d.r*k below the lew pigeonholes called the 
poai-oflice. As Charlie Mosby walked 
bn.-k and forth before the door, the talk ot 
till- farmers, in a loud key. grated on his ear. 
.s..iiie were seated on the counter, others on 
b»ri-i>lB, and the poliliual discussions were 
long and loud. Mosby tiirnt-d M-itli a sigh 
"f n-lief as the whistle of the train was 
hcMi-d. It tame punting; stopped; then 
swept away again into the darkness. Young 


'•>• »""« saw a y..ung mi 
1.^ the train had left hit 
K-hf-d, and M(>ked if this n 

Ha ap- 
uot Mr. 

I PUp- 

■*," answered the stranger, 
pose you bavp come to take i 
Mosby'a farm." 

Charlie Mutby iiuickly brought around 

discomfort, for he knew nothing about rid- 
ing, and presented a very ungraceful figure 
as he lumped up and down in his saddle 
with every movement of tlie horse. Young 
Mosby sat well ou his horse, and so did 

Julia ; but c 
The ride 

t the t 

ride was accomplished — much to 
Julia's satisfaction at least— and they were 
Hearing home, when Julia's horse took fright, 
reared, -and would have thrown her (for 
Will Burgess was perfectly helpless to aid 
her) ; but young Mosby rode quickly to the 
side of the horse, thiew one arm around 
Julia, to hold her in the saddle, and then 
held tightly to the reins with the other 
hand until he had quieted the horse. 

"J tell you, Aunt Eunice, it was fitely 
done," said Will Burgess, when talking 
with his, aunt about it afterwards. " I never 
admired a man more in my life. Can't we 
get him to go to the city. Aunt Eunice f 
Julia has been showing mo his pen-work, 
and I assure you it is superb. 1 have never 
Bteu auythiug like it. I thought I could do 
very well at it. I tell you, I feel rather 
humbled since I saw him manage that 
horse. Julia might have been killed but 
for him." 

"I will talk to his father 
Reynolds. There is no reai 
sheuld not attend the busineeH-( 
city. Hhs father is worth at 
hundred tbuusaDd." 

a why he 

and mentally said, as he looked over it, 
"A jir<.digy as a writer! What would I 
have been to-day but for you ! " His mind 
went back to the while-robed figure lying 
in the hauimock under the trees, und he 
murmured aloud: "You have had your 
mission iu more ways than one to me." 

Young Mosby went on with his teaching 
in the cidlege. His fiue^ writing auon at- 
tracted to him many friends, and ho became 
well k'lowD in the city; hia mail business 
soon grew large, for his fame as a writer 
went all over the country. After his first 
year of teaching, his bnsiiteas ability at- 
tracted »uiy of the first men in the city, and 
he was offered j position bringing him in 
two thousand dollars a year, besides what 
oniHiiiPUtal ami oilier pen-work he did. 

Oil one of his Sunday visits to the farm, 
as he was talking uver his gmid fortiue 
with his father, the old gentleman, leaning 
back in his chair, said: "Charles, I'm 
mighty glad, for I am going to tell you that 
I felt badly over you, atid you were such a 
good sou! I couldn't bear to see you what 
I call trifling. I never thought you would 
make much money ; but I declare, I believe 
you will make nioro money with your pen 
than I havo at my hoe, and it's a much 
smaller instrument! I suppose everybody 
has their calling." 

Charlie Mosbj'a visits to the Reynolds 
family had been always pleasant, and they 

with this 

they will think th.' 
whole thing is a 
I haven't even 
a scrap of piiiicr 
that I could get. any 

mine, withont let- 
ting the thing be 
known. It hurts a fellow if a thing tike 
this gets out, even if it is proven false. 
What am I to do, Mosby f I wouldn't have 
a rumor of this kind g<'t out for tliousauds 
of dollars I " 

Charlie Mosby picked u 
the table, saying; "Come, 
down to the bank. I can 
quietly for yon." 

" How can you, Mosby t 
scrap of my writing. I ue 
line in my life." 

Charlie Mosby drew a book from !iis 
pocket, and from it the torn newepiiiier- 
wrapper. Holding it out to Will Burge^^, 
he said : " Do you rcctignize that f " 

"Yes, it is my handwriting; but where 
did you get it, and u liy do you cherish it e^o 
tenderly t" 

" Wo will go to the bank first, and .>n 
our way home I will tell you." 

They went imt ot the office and drove to 
the bank, where the matter was quietly 
settled. Will Burgess went at onc^e to find 
out the guilty party, which he did in a few 
days. Ou their way home from the bank. 
Will Burgess was profuse in his gratitude, 
but added : " Do you know, Mosby, I have 
the most unaccountable desire to know 
whore y<m got that piece of newspaper- 

p his bat from 
1 will drive you 
settle this affair 

oie yo^ 


Charlie Moeby dropped the reins loosely, 
the horse settled into a walk, and Moeby 

!,>~VK-r .roiiKNAiJ 

told Will Bnrerps ibon of hh first altfini.t 
to impmvc iu writing, of ihc licl]) thnt Julia 
Reynolds had at tliHt lime lii'Oti tci ium, ami 
^Irtd ; '* I would not think of parting with 
that piece of paper." 

Will Burgess looked him squarely in the 
face, uud tFuid : " Mosby, yuu make me feci 
as if I WHS a very mean man. I am ibe 
lust man that other uicu situated as you are 
would have hilj.ed out of that fix I was iu 
this morning. Now, I am going to make a 
clean breast of it. I have tried all along to 
make you believe I was engaged to my 
Cousin Julia. I knew ycm thoiiKlit so ; but I 
nevtT have been. I asked her more than 
on(X' to ho my wife, and tihe has refused. I 
asked her, reoonily, and I kuu>v the reason 
sIm refused me. It was because alio es- 
pi'ctrd y«'ii to ack her to marry you." 

Clia.'li.- Mnsby laid his hand heavily on 
that of Will IJurgess, and said; *'Do you 
really believe this'to lie so r» 

" I know it to be so; and so might you if 
yon did not have such a modest opinion of 
yourself! " 

"Will Burgess, you have given ine the 
first gleam of hope !"— and Mosby drew up 
ilie reins ; the horse started, and Will Bui-- 
gess soon stood on his own door-step. 

That evening Charlie Mosby went to the 
Keytiolds miin»iou. His heart beat lend as 
r all," ihonght 

ug the d.)or-bell 
wliat if Burgos 
came into the 

istaken." As 

Mosby. and placing Julia's hand in bia. she 
said: "You have my blessing. Only a 
mv>tlier can tfll what it is to give up a 
daughter; hut I can safely trust her with 

It was the evening before tho wedding, 
and Will Burgtss had been going the round 
of the room admiring the wedding presents. 
Julia held up her arm 1o reach something 
from the mantel. " Whiii is that, Julia- 
is that a present?" taking her arm and 
admiring a magnificent bracelet. From il 
was Guspended a tiuy padlock; she touched 
a spring; the back flew open, and lying 
quietly in its hidiug-plaee was tlie scrap of 
the newspaper- wrapper. " Charlie makes 
mc wear it ; and I always shall ! " she said. 

Lesson IV. 

Box and Package Marking. 

Bv D. T. Ames. 

A few weeks since, Mr. Andrew Geyer, 

editor of Get/er's Stationer, oflered, through 

his paper, prizes of S5, $3, and $a, respect- 

ivtdy, for the three best specimens of rapid 

box-marking, by clerks employed iu the 

stationery trade of this city. On October 

25th, the gentlemen who had been requested 

to act us a Committee of Examination and 

Award, consisting of Messrs. D. T. Ames, 

of TuE Penman's Art Journal; J. K. 

rivuliy nmoug ihooe who eecm to be willing to 
slay where and as tht-y are, without efforts to 
reach hiyher walks in life, that the manager til" 
thie journal offt^red the prizes. If feeliuge of 
that nature hare hecn planted nr aroused iu t)ie 
breast of any clerks, he la satisfied at the result 
of his humble endeavors. 

All the specimens examined were on the 
back-hand slope, and chiefly after the stylo 
of the alphabet published in connection with 
our lesson No. 1 ; several others were after 
the stylo of the alphabet given with lesson 
No. II, while others combined the two, us- 
ing the capitals of the latter and the small 
letters ot the former. 

The Prize Specimem. 

Below we give n fac-simile of the prize 
specimen, the oiiginal, which was 24x30 
ini'ho>, was a very fine specimen of rapid 
and practical marking, and is here pres-nted 
both as an examjile of good marking aiid as 
.a copy for practice for the present lesson. 
The small letters siiould be made about oue 
inch in hii:ht. In practicing, care should 
be taken to make strokes smooth and of a 
uniform strength of shade. 

Natural Penmen. 

By Prof. II. Russbl, Joliel, 111. 
Lmong the many popular fallacies against 
ich our teachers of penmanship have tu 

natural orators, are for tho most part, as far 
as my ohservatiou has exteuded, self made. 
The fabled Blarney Stone of Ireland, which 
confers untold oratorical power upon a per- 
son if kissed, according to ancient tradition, 
is no more ridiculous than that mysterious 
Providence which confers such marvelous 
powers of making natural penmen, natural 
orators, etc., npon one iu ten thousand, and 
leaving the preposterous idea upon the pub- 
lic mind that it is utterly imposz^iblu for any- 
one to do anything, iu any profession, un- 
less specially called for such work. As man 
is for the most part the arcliitecl ot his own 
fortune, we believe that energy, industry, and 
succeed, have made all the 
pu. I contend, therefore,' 
who is willing to place 

adeteraiinatiou tc 
really good penir 
that every persoi 
himself under t 
teacher, and work faithfully, i 



Ills tliey only prevail. 

"Questions for the Reader 
the 'Journal'" 
Answered bv E. K. Isaacs 
1. " Why do so many of on: 
leumeu lift the pen from the paper from 

Alts. — Beci 

I writing single 
use they have i 

t the 

bim, he knew that 
Will w.-is right. 
Why bad he kept 
himself waiting so 
loug? lie was sue- 



as lipslipi-ed tbeen- 
fjaiicmenl-ring on 
hi r tiuger, he ^aid: 
"Tell me. Julia, 
when you firat ba- 
_gan t o love me j_J.. 
am heart hungry to 


'• >•"» 

" It hail its mis- 

Hh, and I have kept 



vtent developed suf- 
ticieutly to eualile 

whole word without 
chaDgiDg posltiou 
of paper or arm. 

2. " Is the posi- 
tion the same for all 
kiuds of l>lafkhoard 
work 1 " 

4ns.— Yes; in so 
far as the "kinds" 
of Work admit of be- 
ing .-xecuted on the 
same part of the 

• Wha' 

I the 

ny hes 


she has 

in to your 
t friend all along." 
They went across the hall, and into the 
lil.rary, where Mrs. Reynolds sat licforo tho 
tire, rending ; slu' did not hear their soft foot- 
steps on ihe thick carpet. Julia hailed on 
the erlge of the rng Lefore the (ire— her face 
■liojpling with smiles as she looked at Iier 
mother. Charlie Mosby stood tpiito before 
her as she looked up. " Why, good even- 
ing, Charlie ! " she exclaimed. " You look 
so happy— have you como to tell of other 

" Yoii could not have expressed it better, 
I unexpected 

succcw : l.„t there is one thin 

I reach ilie highest poiul." 
■' What is that, Clwrlesf " 
" lie gravely drew oul 

paper-wiapper, and said : 

what this is f " 

; helo) 



' she a 

"And you know,"continucil Mosby. " iliat 
however well I write I am indebted to 
Julia for such a handf" 

" Yes ; but what does that lead to f " 

'I'aking .Julia's hand in bis, bo came 
nearer, and said: "1 am ambitious now to 
become aniiudextrous." 

" All, tioie 1 nuderstand you !" and Mrs. 
Ueynolds arose hastily, opened her arms to 
her dangliter, who was waiting to share her 
uew-f.iund joy with her mother. Tears 
glistened on .Mrs. Ueynold>'s cheeks. When, 
utter holding her daiigiiter iu a tender em- 
brace a few moments, she turned tu Cbailie 

Smitli, of Ivisou, Blakeman, Taylor & Co.; 
and David Wilson, of Wilson Bros. Toy 
Co., met at the oillce of Geytr's Slatiotier^ 
60 Duane Street. 

Although the number of specimens was 
not as large as was expected, there were 
quite a respectable number. After a care- 
ftil examination, the^ii-sf prize was awarded 
to H. J. Tyndale, shipping clerk of Eber- 
hard Faber, the celebrated pencil manufac- 
turer. The second choice was given to a 
young man too modest to make himself 
known. The third choice fell to Ernest H. 
Pezold, with Koch Sous &. Co., of WiUiaiii 

To the report of the Committee, the 
editor of Tlie SCationer appropriately adds ; 


■rk ot , 

i place by , 

. by two of the judgei 

grow un one, that the piixea weie oll'ered. 
Jlecause a man is only »Uip|>iiig-clei'k today, 
ihei-f is HO reuhoii wliy he Bhouhl slay u» a 
Bhi[<piij)5'-t:lerk lor ever. He »hould work out 
ot hib pueiliuti into Homething larger mid better, 
and tu du that be muhl matiler Wi» present posi- 
tion—lie mnet biicig his heui ftturu lu beni- on 
every deparlineiit ut hia irade. To mark plain- 
ly, rapidly luid c«rreclly is one of ihe uiosl un- 

coutend is that exceedingly 
that certain persona are naturally good 
writers, while others are doomed, by fate, to 
he bungling scrawlers. There never was a 
more foolish and absurd notion. That some 
perstms learn to write easier than others is, 
of course, a conceded fact; but that only a 
few Bo-called natural i>onnien can loam to a most glaring absurdity. Oue of the 
most accomplished penmen in America, to- 
day, has often told me that, when a boy, ho 
was one of tho moat awkward and bungling 
writers that could bo found, hut it was liis 
love for the art. work, and failli iu his ulti- 
mate success, that gave him liis skill. So 
it had been with our popular orators. 
"Oh, he is a ualural orator he does 
not need any preparation whatever ! " has 
oiu-u bi-eu reumrked concerning some fluent 
and polished debater. Alas! how little do 
people inakiug such remarks know of the 
days, mouilis and years of hard work that 
such an a<'compli^hment has cost. Who 
does not ri-meniber hou it was by the most 

ba$e of alt good 

Ans. — A clear 

wiih executive abil- 

4. "Can the 
standard capitals as 
used iu copy-booUfl 


becauie the liuest 
How umny pere^ 

,1 labor that Dei 

ate the umbitiuus to 
awakea u feeling uf 

Htor of his day and age ! 

s, on the other hand, 
have admired the splendid specimens of 
penmanship and flourishing which emanated 
from the ]h'ii of some adept, and remarked 
how easy aud grrtC4-1ul were his Hues; but 
were ho to lell tliem of the many months" 
ami >ear6' practice it 'ook to enable him to 
do ihis. the credulity <tf my frieud wlio be- 
lieves only in natural penmen would -be 
somewhat shaken. Natural peumen, like 

with a purely forearm 
Ans. — Yes; they e 
with the pure forearm 
can be executed bctth 
the forearm initveuiri 

iopby of Motion* tho 

6. *' What are the objects gained in writ- 
ing forearm f " 

Ans. — The objects gained must bo the 
objects sought, and tlie main object in prac- 
ticing foroarui c)r any other movement is to 
develop executive ability. 

7. " Our best penmen take ott" the band 
after making the inlioductory line to a, d, g 
and q. Why do tlie leading systems teach 
differently f " 

Ans. — This would implv that the authors 
of our Icadiug systems are not among our 
best penmen, or that they teuch what they 
tlo not practice. Many of our be^t penmeu 
do not take the pen oil' after making .'•aid 

Uroduciury line; 
u So iu orler to i 
> b*^ claseed witli 

8. "What is tl 
lent of the forear 

v1h«.— Ti.etim 
ce with (.en and 

9. "Whywth. 
greater tlaut tin 

t.-To pr, 

and It IS not necessary to 
ake those letters well, or 
jur bebt penmen. 
) earliest age of develop- 

the pupil begins to pra.T- 

)>ari of a, d, g and q on 

1 tlie pioper ( " 
.viug itj9 right side 

with the straight Une following. 



10. " For liegiuners, is wholearm easier 
tliau forearm?" 

Ant. — Yes ; but aMording to your " Nat- 
ural PenmaQ theory" it ia uatural to do 
wrsng before gaining the right. We all 
know it is " natural " for a beginner to slide 
the wholearm when first trying to develop 
the muscular movement. But cousidering 
the fact that the muscular movoniCDt 
(which means the action of the forearm in 
fionueclion with the auxilliary and subordi- 
nate action ot the thumb and fen-fingers) is 
far superior to tlie wholearm movement for 
all ordinary purposes, why teach the wbole- 
Hnn f Why train them iu a way which they 
are not likely to got Why teach them 
something that the laree majority will not 
practice when ihey go out into the world! 

11." What should be the direction of the 
finishing point or dot of &, s, v, w, and hy 
what is it determined f " 

Ans. — A "point" or "dot" iu itself, 
whether finishing or otherwise, can bave no 
direction ; hence, what this question means 
will have to be asked again. 

12. "Should punctuation marks, as a 
rule, be made the same in script as in print?" 

Ans. — Yes ; the period, colon, semi- 
colon, and the exclamation and ioterroeation 
marks should he written very much the 
same as in print. But the comnla, apostro- 
phe, and quotation marks, which, in print, 
may bo said to be "tailed" periods, are 
written easier, quicker, and neater as a 
small, straight mark, with decreasing shade^ 
resembling a miniature t stroke. 

13. " How is punctuation generally prac- 
ticed by business-men f" 

Ans. — Very indifierently. 

14. " What usually represents the great- 
est number of punctuation marks?" 

^ns— The comma. 

l.'j. "When t precedes h, objection 
is there to crossing the (f " 

Ans. — None. 

Ifi. " Should the /, and one style of 5 
finisli with dot or loop or merely by joining 
iu the simplest possible manner f" 

Ans. — Either way. 

17. "Why are eo many of our leading 
penmen not willing to say a say through 
the columns of the Journal ? " 

Ans. — I think all of our leading penmen 
are, at difierent times, having more or less 
of a "say" through the Journal, and al- 
though it would be desirable to hear from 
them oftener, yet it is possible that they are 
afraid of overdoing the thing. It is a fact, 
however, that some of our finest penman are 
.practically extinct. 

Educational Notes. 

[Commiiiitciiliijiiit for this Department may 
be addressed to B. F. Kelley,205 Broadway, 
New York. Brief «ducationaI items solicited.] 

Harvard has a Freshman Class of 290, the 
largest in its history. 

The oldest educational institution in the 
country is the Boston Latin School. 

There are said to be neariy 300,000 
children in Kentucky who never attend 

Washington University, at St. Louis, ha« 
I,28t> students and 80 professors— if . 0. 
C^sdan Advocate. 

The school attendance at Louisville, Ky., 
is Uj.ViS; thenumher of teachers employed, 
iii}i).— Christian Advocate. 

The evening high school of Boston has 
Ddance of 8'10 pupils ; forty per cent. 
} young women. 

Strasburg University has a library of 
424,000 volumes, alllmngb it was founded 
only ten years Hgu.— Western Ed. Journal 

Leading College Endowment* ! — Col- 
umbia, $5,300,000; Harvard, $i»03,0U0 ; 
Johns Hopkius, $3,500,000; Yale, $1,- 

The English schools have largely intro- 
duced the military drill as a meaus of exer- 
cise. It is taught to all the hoys in 1,172 
schools. — Western Ed. Journal. 

of these ji 

One-half of the institutions of the United 
States professing to give university educa- 
tion, and confer degrees, now admit women 
on equal terms with men. — Household 
Guest Magazine. 

" Those girls who break ddwn in the 
public schools are not, usually, the "ues 
who get up in the morning and make their 
own beds, dust their rooms and help wash 
dishes." — Sost/tn Traveler. 

"Uncle," said Matthew Vassar's dying 
niece, "do something for women." This 
was the seed from which sprung Vassar 
College, one of the nohlest beuevulent 
enterprises In the world. — N. 0. Christian 

In the course of a recent discussion in St. 
Louis on school discipline one si)eaker de- 
precated the usual death-like slilluess ofthe 
schoolroom, asserting that ho had foiuid 
the rooms having a business-like buzz do- 
ing the beet work. — N. Y. Tribune. 

In a single school at Charleston, S. C , 
there are l,400negrochildteD. Theteacheis 
are all white — the principal is a mau, and 
the other teachers are wouif n, many of them 
ladies of great refinement, themselves once 
mistresses of slaves, whom necessity has 
compelled to seek employment. — Home 

Jn 1850 the population of Vermont was 
314,000 and there were 9!), 1 10 children iu 
the public schnols. This year, with a popu- 
lation of 33-2,000, there are only 74,000 iu 
the schools. The constant decrease iu at- 
tendance has been accompanied by an in- 
crease in the expenditures. The State Super- 
intendent declares that the work of the 
scho'ds is not satisfactory : aud it has been 
suggested that an educational commission be 
formed fur a thorough investigation of the 
matter, the result to be commuuicaled to 
the Legislature at its next sessiim. — N. Y. 

Some curious statistics have been publish- 
ed, showing the number of children wlin 
attend schools iu the various nations of i^.^ 
world. Tbe United States heads the list, 
having 5,373,000 pupils attending school. 
England and Wales, with less than halt of 
our populatiou, have 3,710,000 children 
studying. Ireland, with a population of 5,- 
000,000, has 1,131,000 scholars. France, 
with a population of 33,000,000 has 4,710,- 
000 children at school. Russia, with its 
80,000,000, has only 1,218,00 pupils in 
schools, and the education must of these get 
is nominal. Prussia has over 4,000,000 
pupils in its schools. Greece and Switzer- 
land have relatively more children in the 
schools than any natiim that furnishes 
■House and Home. 

Educational Fancies. 

If one dog can be placed on a scent, how 

many dogs can be placed on a trade dollar f 

A Sunday-sciiool teacher asked what 
animal Adam first named. "The spriug 
chicken," answered the small boy from the 

Some of the Faculty at Yal" reserve the 
right of marking lower than zero, by meaus 
uf minus signs, when the ignorance exhibit- 
ed by the students is too abysmal. — Oberlin 

Student (translating) : And — er— then- - 
er — then— er — he — er — went — and — er 

The class laugh. 

Professor: Uoii't laugh, gcuil, „ien; to 
err is human. 

A Cambridge (Mass.) man arrived in a 
frontier village, recently, juat as a gang of 
cowb(.ys "bad taken the to^n." His first 
exclamation was, " Have you folks a col- 
lege here already ! " 

Arithmetic. — James and Henry go 
fishing aud agree to divide. James has two 
nibbles and a bite fruui a dog, aud Henry 
gets two duckings and loses a twelve-shil- 
ling hat. What is the share of each ? 

A college student 

father for some money to buy books. The 
father promptly replied : " I sha'n'tgive you 
money to throw away on books. You don't 
need them. I've been through college my- 

" Pa, are we going to have any girl- 
vanized iron on our new house?" "Any 
w-what?" "Any girlvanized iron?" 
" Galvanized, you m^an, dou't you ? " 
" Yep, pa, but teacher says we mustn't say 
gal; it's girl." 

A teacher scolded one of his pupils for 
playing upon the steps of a church, the pas- 
tor of which had not yet returned from his 
vacation. "Do you know," said the teacher, 
"whose house that isf " •* Yes, sir," said 
the little giri, " it's God's house, but He 
aint in, and the agent's gone to Europe." 

She: "This is a pretty hour of the night 
for you to come home after you promised 
me to be home at a quarter of 12. Y<m are 
the biggest liar iu Austin." He (pointing 
to the clock): "Well, ain't 3 a quarter of 
12? It ain't iny fault you dou't know arith- 
metic." — Texas Siftings. 

" I'm not very proud of your progress iu 
school," remarked a New Haven mother to 
her son, who was slruegHng along in grade 
five. " There's Chariio Smart is uay ahead 
of you, and he isn't as old." " I know it. 
Teacher said he'd learned all there was to 
learn in my room, aud that left me without 
anything to learn." 

A boy paid his first visit, to one of the 
publii) schools the other day as a scholar, 
and as he cam*- home at night his mother 
inquired : " Well, Henry, huw do you like 
going to school? " " Bully," he replied, iu 
excited voice. " I saw four boys licked, one 
girl get her ear pulled, and a big scholar 
burned his clhnw on the stove. I don't 

The following dialogue took place in a 
certain well-known theological college: 
Professor (loquitur) : "You are the greatest 
dunce I ever met witli. Now, I don't be- 
lieve that you could repeat to me two texts 
of Scripture correctly." Student (in reply) : 
"Yes, I ean." Professor: "Well do it." 
Student) feelingly and with much thought- 
ful consideration) : "He departed and went 
and hanged himself." Pausp. " Go thou 
and do likewise." 

A certain parson, who is also a school- 
tearJier, handed a problem to his class in 
mathematics the other day. The first boy 
took it, looked at it a while and said, " I 
pass." Secimii boy took it aud said, "I 
turn it down." The third boy took it, stared 
al it awhile, and drawled out, "I can't make 
it." "Very good, boys," said the parson, 
" we will cut fur a new deal." Aud the 
switch danced like lightning oVer the 
shoulders of those depraved yuune mathe- 
maticians.— iV. W. Trade BuUetion. 

Mr. Wright went out to fish. 

And he became a Wright angler. 

He thought he would try aud catch 

And became a try angler. 

He laughed to think how smart he was. 

And he became a cute angler. 

But he did not sec the shark with its nos 
under the stern of his craft. 

He was such an obtuse angler. 

Until the creature tipped over his boat. 

When he became a wrecked angler.— 
Whitehall Times. 

The " Peircerian " Method oi 


Its Ari'LicATioN in I'uulic Schools. 

Continued. — Article V. 

For several lessons the main portion of 
the class have been writing the copies of No. 
4, Programme " A." 

Don't forget the stragglers! 

Some are working on No. I, while others 
are occupied with 2 and 3. This is the nat- 
ural course of events, aud you could not 

prevent it if you would ; and when you 
thoroughly understand tbe work, you would 
not, if you could. 

Don't forget to practice figurea, froq^ 
threp to five minutes, at the close of each 

Attention was called to this in the July 
Journal. The object is, to keep up gnud 
ft)rm and gain all the speed possible. 

In a future article I purpose stating, at 
length, "The Methods of Teaching Fig- 
ures," that will ultimately determine the 
best poitsible results in all departuients of 
pen Ulan ship. 

Fur the first time I call attention to the 
words used in this copy — a selection I deem 
very valuable,and one which will thoroughly 
cure, if properly presented, any inaccuracies 
iu the combination of short letters. 

There are two ways in which letters are 
joined or combined. First, and easiest: In 
going from the base to the top of a letter, 
as in the word "in." Second: In going 
from the top to the top, as in "on." 

^ow, the average child will not juin 
words of this kind correctly without the 
proper instructiun, which, however, dealt 
with as a specialty, will soun cure the worst 

I would scorn to cast any reflections upon 
any recognized " Standard System," but I 
am forced to say that a large percentage of 
school children write words incorrectly, like 

roses, wear," etc., in short letters, and in 
long letters, like " been, bring, boom, bor- 
row, buy," etc, and there is no special 
remedy giveu to correct it. 

As proof of my staletneiit, let all who 
read this have pupils of the first, se;ond, 
third, fourth, aud even higher grades, write 
these words, and note the percentage of 
failures. Then refer to any leading system 
for the remedy. 

This is my candid opinion and beliefs 
the result of wide experience. 

Nothing would give me more pleasure 
than to hear the result-s of a fair aud impar- 
tial trial from ail the teachers, both profes- 
sional and otherwise, of this, " United Dec- 
laration of Independence," either for or 
against my statement. 

linnark: A report of the same will appear 
ill the cnli.mnsofthe Joi'ltXAL. 

Presuming, now, that the proper care and 
attentiuu have been given to this class of 
words, the more advanced can now write 
any and all words without a copy. 

Indeed, if 1 may be alluwed a little self- 
praise, one of the prominent points claimed 
for the Peircerian System is, the proficiency 
attained in each part of the class work, 
together with- a thorough preparation for 
that which is to follow. 

Up to this writiug, there has been noth- 
ing said of how much work should beaccoui- 
plished by children in tlieir first, secimd, 
third, fourth, etc., school year. 

Sufiice it to say that, by the "Peircerian 
Method," each pupil can go as far as his 
ability will allow, and la always encouraged 
to do his beat. 

In the secowi grade, the very same work, 
with lead-pencils and double-line books, 
should be given, as io the first, demanding 
better results. Time for lesson, twenty to 

In tht) third grade, singhi-liue books and 

Iu tbe fourth grade, double or single, as 
the case demands, with ink and medium- 
pointed pen. 

In the fifth grade, single-line books and 
fine pen, like Spenoerian No. 1, or 117 P. 
D. & S. 

Sixth grade, same, and so on. 

It ia presumed that all work will be well 
done with a lead-pencil before attempting 
with a pen, aud that all of Programme "A'' 
to No. y inclusive — proper nauies — cau be 
executed intelligently with a lead-peucil by 
the average child that has been in school 
from five and six to eight years. 

If any can do more than this, let it be 


It any do less, the method will oot be 

As the pupils fulvaoce Froin double to 
piu^Ic lines, care must be taken not to lose 
the proportion of letters; and I caution 
teachers to guard against any carelessnesa 
on the part of pupils. 

Extra care Bhoiild be taken in making 
the change from slate to lead pencils, from 
load-pencils to coarae or medium pens, and 
from these to fine pens. 

A short sermon might do a great deal of 
Rotid here. I withhold it for the present. 

I will content myoelf In conclude this 
articlu by referring the readers to a short 
article in the July ui-mber uf the Journal, 
hcit.led, "A Short General Outline of the 
I'n.gramme Plan," in which it briefly Mates 
that movement, both wholearm and fore- 
arm, can be taught pupils of from ten to 
twelve years, and upward— the former be- 
ing the exception. This being the case, a 
very large field is now opened up in which 
tlie boundary is undefiued. 

The conclusion is, simply, that when the 
work of Programme "A" has been properly 
done by the average pupil in ibe time usu- 
ally allotted each day, that he has reached 
that age when, by a more skillful method, 
he will be enabled to perform the same 
Work; I. «., the development of muscle 
ronics when nei dcd, the same as the de- 
velopment of mind. 

Were it possible to teach 
wholearm and forearm 
first to children, it would 
not be desirable, because 
the forms of letters must 
be in the mind before they 
can be produced on paper, 
and this is as readily ac- 
complished by the natural 

It might be well, per- 
haps, for those following 
me, to note my purpose 
and the object gained by 
produoingj alternately, the 
two subjects, viz: "The 
Explanation of Pro- 
grammes," and " The Peir- 
ceriiin Method of Instruc- 
tion — Its Application- in_ 
Public Schools." 

We will now suppose 
that the leaders of the class 
in the first grade, or any 
grade, are i-eady to begin 
No. 5 — Extended letters 
iu Programme " A." 


{To be continued.) 

The Literary Value ot Good Pen- 
By Paul Pastnor. 
When we take into consideration the high 
status and peculiar advantages of literature 
as a profession, it becomes a matter of sur- 
prise to us that sn few young men and 
Women, naturally iiualified for such a pur- 
suit, apply their talents to this class of labor. 
Not long ago, a brilliant English essayist 
published an article upon this subject, which 
was read with interest, and some surprise, 
throughout the English speaking world. 
In this paper, Mr. Jamrs Payu advanced, 
in a clear and sensible \v«y, tlie claims of 
literature as a profession, and urged upon 
young men ol good intellectual abilities and 
liberal education the feasibility and the pro- 
tilableness of devoting their attainments 
entirely to the profession of letters. He, 
deplored the fact that so many of the lite- 
rary men of the day write merely for past- 
time, or as an emphtjment oflsetting an 
auxiliary to regular work of a more exacting 
nature. He declared that there was no foun- 
dation for the excuse that literature in itself 
was not sufficiently remunerative to wa-rant 
a mau's giving his whole time and talents to 
it. He showed what enormous quaniities 
of orignal matter were demanded and dis- 
posed of day by day by the thousands of 
journals published in the English tongue — 

matler of all kinds and quality, suited to the 
productive capacities of every well-educated 
and naturally observant mind. 

Argmnents such as he advanced may be 
repeated and emphasized, with equal and 
even with greater (oroe t<i-day than when 
the article was written. And yet there are 
pn.portionally as few of distinctive literary 
ability who devote themselves to the pro- 
fession of letters as there ever was. The fael 
is, it needs something more than mere in- 
tellectual fitness to win succes»s as a writer. 
Few as may seem to he the distinctive re- 
quirements of a literary man, simple and 
generic as may be the branches of knowl- 
edge which enter into hie apprenticeship, 
be is not fuHy equipped for his profession 
until he has undergone a certain jiracti- 
cal initiative into its mysteries. He will 
learn, after a few years' patient trial, the 
things — many of them small and incon- 
siderable in the seeming — which go to make 
up the stuck in trade of the successful literary 
worker. And one of the very first lessons 
he will learn U, that of the literary value of 
good penmanship. In theory, of course, 
this factor will not he accounted for at all. 
Mr. Payu says nothing about it. It is a 
consideration which seldom enters into the 
mind of the youthful aspirant himself. But 
gradually, with the return of innumerable 
manuscripts, apparently uni 


, the 

■ will . 

go into the waste-basket than a much more 
meritorious production written in a slovenly 
and hasty manner. That which is oflensive 
to the eye is not likely to recommend itselr 
with readiness to the mind any more than is 
a badly tasting morsel likely to prove agree- 
able to the stomach. Editors are mortal, like 
the rest of us, and apt to be prepossessed, 
favorably or unfavorably, in the same 
manner. Dealing every day, Ss they do, 
with, all sorts of manuscript, they naturally 
become, in some sense, connoi.s5curs of writ- 
ings. Manuscripts are their specialty, aud 
It would be strange if they did not take a 
tbcTough interest in them and become 
thoroughly acquainted with them. Place a 
daub before a connoisseur of painting, and 
although the conception and idea of the pic- 
ture may be good, he will push it from him 
in disgust. Just so with the editor : he, too, 
has an artistic taste. Part of his dealing is 
with syinhois, and he leains to respect and 
admire them for themselves, as well as for 
what they represent. A well written manu- 
script recommends itself to him before the 
first sentence has been read ; and the value 
of first impressions has passed into proverb. 
Then, too, a well written article has more 
than an resthetic value. The fact of its be- 
ing legible and clear has a bearing upon its 
availability for print. Time is money; and 
a literary production which costs the com- 
positor and the copyholder no time at all in 

" Much, sir, I hope." 

"Very good; if not, I will punish you 
more than ever man was punished." 

"I have been," said the soldier, "about 
fix weeks on the march. I have no Bible 
or Common Prayer-book ; I have nothing 
but a pack of cards, and I hope to satisfy 
your Worship of the purity of my inten- 

Then sp'eading the cards before the 
Mayor, he began wi*,h the ace. 

" When I see the ace, it reminds me that 
there is but one God. When I see the 
duce, it reminds me of Father and Son. 
When I see the three, it reminds me of 
Father, Son and Holy Ghost When I see 
the four, it reminds me of the four evange- 
lists that preached — Matthew, Mark, Luke 
and John. When I see the five, it reminds 
me of the five wise virgins that trimmed the 
lamps. Theie were ten, hut five were wise 
and five were foolish and wore shut out. 
When I see the six, it reminds me that in 
six days the Lord made heaven and earth. 
When I see the seven, it reminds me that 
orf the seventh day God rested from the 
great work He had made, and hallowed it. 
When I see the eight, it reminds me of the 
eight righteous persons that were saved 
when God destroyed the world, viz. : Noah 
and bis wife, his three sons and their wives. 
When I see the nine, it reminds me of the 
nine lepers tliat were cleansed by our Saviour. 
There were nine out of 
the ten that never re- 
turned thanks. When I 

9 the 

mence to cast about him for an explanation. 
He sees mauy articles accepted and printed 
by the same journal which declines his own, 
which he knoics are no better expressed or 
c(mceived than his. What is the reason? 
One day he blunders upon it. A friend takes 
up some of the hastily and illegibly written 
sheets upon his desk, and attempts to puzzle 
out a sentence, is baffled, gives it up with a 
merry laugh at the patient editors who will 
wade through such a swamp o( hieroglyph- 
ics, and changes the subject of conversation. 
But the young writer has not allowed the 
unintentional rebuke to escape him. It 
lingers in his thought with deeper and deeper 
conviction, and y/hen his friend has gone, he 
looks at the sheets with quick and critical 
eye, an<l sees that it is even as he had said- 
all a tangled swamp of hieroglyphics, with 
no path of sense leading iu or out. He 
takes (me of his essays to a penman, dictates 
the sentences, one by one, till the whole 
thought is exi-ressed in clear, and aowing, 
and beautiful outward symbols, then incloses 
) a prominent journal, and 
:)urpe of a few days, a lib- 
eral check, with a request for more articles 
of the same kind. 

This is no exaggeration. Anyone who 
has had any experience as a contributor 
for the press knows what a vast difference 
it makes in the likelihood of an aiticle 
being accepted, whether (.r n<.t it is gotten 
up "in good shape." A handsomely 
written, properly punctuated, nicely paged 
and arranged manuscript is far leas likely to 

deciphering, is worth so much the more 
to tlie paper which employs them. So that 
in a very emphatic and real sense good pen- 
manship aids literary success. The first re- 
quisite of a writer for the press is, that he 
shall be a good penman. 

A Religious Pack of Cards. 
How TiiEV Served as Bible, Almanac 

AND iiooK OP Common Prayer to a 
Soldier — An Ingenious Plea. 

A Soldier by the name of Kichard Lee 
was taken before the magistrates of Glas- 
gow for playing cards during divine service. 
The account is thus given : 

A sergeant commauded the soldiers in the 
church, and when the parson had read the 
prayers he took the text. Those who had 
a Bible, took it out; but this soldier had 
neither Bibl- nor Common Prayer-book; 
but pulling out a puck of cards, he spread 
them ont before him. He looked first at one 
card and then at unoiher. The sergeant saw 
him and said : 

"Richard, put up the cards; this is no 
place for them." 

" Never mind that," said Richard. 

When The service was over, the constable 
took Richard a prisoner and brought him 
before the Mayor. 

" Well, what have you brought the sold- 
ier here for t" says the Mayor. 

" For playing cards in church." 

" Well, soldier, what have you to say for 
yourself f" 

which God handed down 
to Moses on the tables of 
stone. When I see the 
king, it reminds me of the 
Great King of Heaven, 
which is God Almighty. 
When I see the queen, it 
reminds me of the queen 
of Sheba, who visited Sol- 
man. She brought with 
her fifty boys and fifty 
girls, all dressed in boys' 
apparel, for King Solo- 
mon to tell which were 
boys and which were 
girls. King Solomon sent 
for water for them to 
wash ; the girls washed 
to the elbows, and the 
' boys to the wrists, so he 
told by that." Here the soldier paused. 

" Well," said the Mayor, " youhave given 
a description of all the cards in the pack ex- 
cept one." 

"What is that?" 
" The knave," said the Mayor. 
" I will give your honor a description of 
that, too, if you will not be angry.*' 

" I will not," said the Mayor, " if you do 
not term me to be the knave." 

"Well," said the soldier, "the greatest 
knavu I know of is the constable that 
brought me here." 

" I don't know," said the Mayor, "if he 
is the greatest knave, but I know he is the 
greatest fool." 

" When I count how many spots in a 
pack of cards I find 3(>5 — as many as there 
are days in the year. When I count the 
number of cards in a pack I find there are 
fifty-two — the number of weeks in the year; 
and I find there are four suits — the number 
of weeks in a monto. I find there are twelve 
picture-cards in a pack, representing the 
number of months in a year; and on count- 
ing the number of tricks I find thirteen, the 
number of weeks in a quarter. So you see 
sir, a pack of cards serves for a Bible, Al- 
manac and Common Prayer-book. 

The small boy of Newburyport treats of 
giants as follows in his school composition : 
"A giant is a very large, strong man, and 
they have him in the circus. Be is the 
tallest man on earth excepting God." 


Publi»h«l MontlUy at »1 i>«» Yea 




' *( 

5 BroB<liva}-, New York. 

pwmplly Bit 


Ililica11uu». trill l)« rfcaived and 


I-«indon. Bugland. 

NottM wil 
rapM will, in 

1>« «lv.. 
all riMM. 

•itbct'iiplions. at tvtiicb time thi. 
be (topped until ILe eulteoiiptlOD 


V Vn»E 


'EMBER, 1882. 

The "Journal." 

With the present issue the Journal ha? 
reached the elcvpiith number of the eixth 
T.ihime— nmkiue, in all. sixty-nine numbers. 
Tit those who have ItLPii subscribers from 
its btpinning, tl.e Jdu ,-al has spoken, 
inontbly, for itM-If. abtl ;i iarge majority of 
those subsf libers liMvecxpiPrsetl themselves, 
to the publi.-'heis, iu terms umet complimen- 
tary HUd ti..II(TilJ|^. 

Uuriiig the perinil of its piibliratiou there 
has been given, through its columns, four 
omplele courjics of letsont; in practii-al 
writing, by experienced authors and leiu-hers, 
while the fifth course is now being given 
by one of the best known authors and 
tcacliers of writing in America. All these 
lessons have been illustrated with the 
greatest skill and without regard to ex- 
pense for engraving. Two courses of les- 
sons, with projjer exercises for practices in 
Otf-hand Flonrishine, have been gi-en and 
a course of lessons are now being civen in 
practical Hex and Package Marking. In 
addition to these lessons there has appeared, 
in each issue, from two to four specimens of 
plain or oroamentttl ]>euniaii8hip, repro- 
duced from the pen-work of noted teacliers 
and pen-arti"ts, anioug wlioin have been 
Lyman P., Piatt U. and Henry C. Spencer, 
H. W. Flickinger, D. L. Mnssehrmu, W. 
L. Dean, J. C. MilbT, John D. Williams, 
l'\ W. II. Wiesehahn, J. B. Cundifl; W. E. 
Dennis, Jackson Cigle, H. C. Clark, H. W. 
Kibbe, M. E. Ulackman, J. T. Kuauss, II. 
^V. Shaylor, J. H. liartow, Fieldiug Seho^ 

field, A. A. Clark, A. H. Hinman, S. S. 
Packard, I. S- Preston, C. H. Peirce, F. M. 
Jolnsnu. F. M. Choguill, G. W. Michael, 
H. S. Bl.inchard, William H. Duff, I. J. 
Woodworth, S. A. D. Hahn, Geo. J. Ami- 
don. G. T. Opiiuger, A. W. Dudley, J. A. 
Wesco, J. G. Cross, G. A. Gruman, E. K. 
Isaacs, A. W. Dakiu — not to mention the 
numerous specimens, in every department 
of peunianship, which have been contributed 
from the ottfco of the Journal. In addi- 
tion to these, valuable articles, bearing upon 
the specialty ot penmanship, have been con 
tribulcd from the pens of such well-known 
educators and writers as S. S- Packard, R 
C, H. C, and 11. A. Spencer, Paul Past- 
uor, W. A. Talbot, A. H. Hinman, Prof. 
Russell, Mary E. Martin, Madge Maple, 
C. II. Peirce, Rev. L. L. Sprague, L. D. 
Smith, G. H. Shattuck, J. W. Swank, J. 
T. Knauss, Uriah McKee, J. W. Payson, 
W. P. Cooper. Frank Odell, C E. Cady, 
Joel Barlow, F. W. H. Wiesehahn, W. H. 
Duff, Thos. J. Bryant, Jonathan Jones, P. 
B. Haidin, G. T. Oplingcr, and many 

Ii will thus be seen that the Journal 
huf, to Hu eminent degree, reflected the 
skill and genius of tie penman's art in 
Amerir-a. Upon its subscription -list are not 
only nearly every writiug-teacher of recog- 
nized skill in the United States and Canada, 
but there are many thousands of pupil;* and 
admirers of the art. Not alone iu America 
are its subscribers: they are in Euelaod, 
Ireland. Scotland, France. Australia, New 
Zralaud, and several islands of the Pacific. 

At the recent Convention of the penmen 
of America the following resolatiim was 
unanimously adopted : 

" K^s.dved, that the Penman's Art 
Journal be ret-ognizcd and sustained as 
the organ of the penmen of the coimtry." 

The Journal is the only penman's 
paper which has ever been thus recognized, 
and no paius or expimse will be spared to 
render it a worthy s-tandard bearer of the* 
art avd profession of which it is the recog- 
nized organ and leader. Our rapidly grow- 
ing facilities for gatheriue valuable reading- 
matter for its columns, and the preparation 
mI appropriate and elegant illustrations, 
warrant us in saying that the JouitNAL 
will in the future be much more interesting 
and valuable than it has been in the past. 

During the year it has been found neces- 
sary to enlarge the Journal from eight to 
twelve pages, which is now its regular size, 
while its subseriiition -list has nearly 
trebled since January last, and subscrip- 
tions are coming in at a rapidly increasing 

The iutliience of the Journal, in awak- 
ening and cultivating a desire and taste for 
good writing, through the inspiring articles 
und elegaut }=|)er-imeu8 which appear in its 
coluniuf-, aud the thousands of tii-e pen- 
pictures mailed, as premiums, can be scarcely 
over-estimated, and while its circulation is 
so large as to be gratifying and encourag- 
ing to iiB publishers, it is but a tithe of 
what it should and wtiuld be wi-re its value 
made known in every schoolroom and home 
in our land. We therefore earnestly invite 
i's present friends and patrons who are in- 
terested in the cause of good writing and 
the f iiccesfl of their paper to do a little mis 
sionary work by calling the attention of 
those who would probably be interested 
therein to the Journal, and soliciting their 
subscription. To those who will do so we 
Mill, on request by postal-card, mail extra 
copies of the Journal, for gratuitous pres- 
entation. It is our ambition to extend the 
circulation of this paper into the hundreds 
of thousands, and we expect to do it Who 
will help u sf 

It is Useless to Apply 

to U8 for specimens of our penmanship. Ap- 
plicants are so numerous and our time is so 
occupied, that it is impossible for us to com- 
ply with such requests. We cau only show 
our hand through the coIuujr!} of the 


Writing in the New York Public 
A member of the Board of Education of 
^f this city, at a recent meeting, introduced 
a series of resolutions, looking to a revision 
of the course of study in grammar schools. 
Among the changes suggested was a more 
thorough study and practice of penmanship 
in the four highest grades. He suggests that 
instead of three lessons of forty minutes each 
per week, there should be five of thirty 
minutes each. The commissioner has been 
looting into the condition of peumanship in 
the schools, aud says that it is very unsatis- 
factory. As an instance, he says: 

'' Wanting a boy I put one advertisement in a 
newspaper, and received this bundle of letters 
in reply; hardly one well written, and not one 
properly addressed. Yet some of theae boys nny 
that they are sixteen years old and have been 
to our public echooU. I thought the matter over 
and came to the conclusion that the majority of 
Ibe boys in the first grade would get their living 
after they left Mchool by good penmauBliip and 
arithmetic. You nee, I look at the 
a purely biininess point of view; ] 
boys to learn to write belter no as 
selves for the work they will have to do." 

We are glad to know that at least one 
member of the Board has become alive to 
the fact that writing is sadly neglected in 
our public schools. Not only is there too 
little tium devoted to it, but, in many in- 
stances, the instruction is left to teachers 
who do not possess the tirst qualification for 
imparting the proper instruction to make 
good writers of their pupils, and whose writ- 
ing would have been as deficient as was that 
of their pujuls, had they themselves an- 
swered the commissioner's advertisement. 
Not only should the time for practice bo ex- 
tended, but care should be taken to provide 
skilled and competent in.'^truetors. And 
what is true of the New York Bchuoh is 
notoriously true of a vast majority of all the 
schools of the laud. The fault lies largely 
with school officers and Boards of Examiua- 
li..n. Whn ever knew of a cerlifi.'ale being 
withheld, or a situation being refused to a 
candidate for teaohinc, because of his bad 
penmanship f Even though his hierogly- 
phics might puzzle the most astute of the 
politicians— ot which school-boards are gen- 
erally composed — his competency to teach 
writing in the most approved style and by 
the most successful methods would not be 
called iu qiit-stion. Let Examining Boards 
refuse certificates to candidates umtble either 
to write a good hand or apply the proper 
methods for teaching writing, and also de- 
cline to employ such teachers, then very 
quickly there will be a marked improvement 
in the writing in our public schools. 

Teachers then, in place of iguoring good 
writiug, would have a pride in it, which 
would lend to create a spirit of emulation 
among their pupils, and lead to greatly im- 
jii'oved writiug. 

Good Writing alone not Sufficient 
for Success. 

There is a prevailing sentiment — and not 
wholly unfounded— that outside of his pro- 
fession the typical writiug-master is a man 
of limited attainments ; and hence his failure, 
iu many instances, to hold rank with pro- 
fessors aud instructors in other departments 
of educational labor. It is often the fact 
that the young aspirant to chirographic 
honor devotes himself so assiduously to bis 
chosen art as to seriously neglect attainments 
iu all otlier directions. He labors apparent- 
ly in the belief that to become a skillful 
master of penmanship is all that is necessary 
to command position and success. This is, 
however, a groat mistake; for to bo 
iu any profession requires tl; 
large general resource The greatest skill, 
as a professional writer or teacher eauuot 
command au eminent position, or enviable 
auccees, for one who cannot make a correct 
use of ortliography and grammar. 

A good writer may secure a position as a 
clerk, but if lie has no other accomplinh- 
menia hi» promotion will ^e tiluw and very 

Many of onr most eminent men hnvo 
first attracted attenlion and won their tir^t 
success iu life through th'-ir good writiug. 
James A. Garfield was a fine writer, and 
taught special writing -classes while n 
student in college. Victor M. Rice, for 
many years a most popular Superinteudeul 
of Public Instruction iu the State of N«w 
York, was for years au itinerant teacher of 
writing. H. D. Stratton, the founder of 
the Bryant and Stratton chaiu of business- 
colleges, began his ean-er as a travclJne 
teacher of writing. S. S. Pa'-kard, who, as 
an author, literary writer, aud practical 
educator, ranks among the leaders of the 
present, achieved his first sm-eess as a 
special teacher of writing. We might 
multiply similar instances of writing- 
masters who have attained to a distinguished 
emiueuce. These men, while they strove 
fir the mastery of the art of good writiug, 
were equally zealous in the pursuit of other 
attainments. They became men of resource, 
and as opportunity pre-'seuted itself for the 
achievement of a larger and higher success in 
other fields of labor, they were found ready 
equipped. They were not only an honor to 
good writing, but it honored them, by press- 
ing them onward and upward to an enviable 
fame aud success. So with all professional 
penmen and teachers : they will command 
honor and success in proportion as they en- 
large the sphere of their attainmeota. 

The Art and Science of Writing. 

A correspondent asks, "Is writii g both 
a science and an art? and if so, will you 
please explain, in the columns of the Jour- 
NAL,the distinction between the two terms? " 

Art is defined as " the means employed 
by man to adapt existing things iu the world 
to his necessities aud intellectual tastes." 

Science "is the natne of that portion of 
human knowledge that has been general- 
ized, systematized, and verified." 

Art consists in the discovery or first ap- 
plic:itiim of Immau skill and ingenuity to 
tho accomplishmeDt of a dashed rt;t>u1t; it 

nd for 

Science is the rules, deduced ; 
lated by obsorvatiuu and experience, for the 
guidance of operations in any department of 
human discovery. - — 

Art, of necessity, precedes science, as ap- 
plied to writing, art begins with the very 
lirat effort to make letters, and may be con- 
sidered to be that portion of writiug which 
ia acquired by imitation and the personal 
peculiarities imparted to it by the writer, 
without the observaueo of any prCicribetl 
rules or methods for analysis or practice. 

The science of writing consists of the 
prescribed rules for its construction — rules df 
slant, proportions, spacing, shading, analy- 

An author who prejiarcs c(q>ies strictly iu 
accordance with specific rules, or the pupil 
who learns to write by the exact applica- 
tion tf such rules, produces scientific writ- 

Writing, without tho observance of any 
exact rules {the writer being guidi-d by his 
own fancy), will be in accordance with art, 
aud bo artibtic and excellent in proportion 
to tho skill and correcluess of taste possessed 
by the writer. 

Send $1 Bills. 
Wo wish our patrons to bear iu mind that 
iu payment for subscriptions we do not de- 
sire postage-stamps, aud that ihey should bft 
sent ouly for fractional parts of a d dlar. A 
doUir bill is much more couveuieut aud safe 
to remit than the same amount in 1, 2 or ti 
cent stamps. The aotoal risk of remittiug- 
money is slight — if properly directed, not 
one miscarriage will occur in (me thousand. 
IncloBO the bills, and where loiters contaiu- 
ing nmney aro sealed iu prcseueo of ih^. 
postmaster we will assume all the risk. 

It is ihe pen that has garnered and t^an9^ 
n4ttt>4 the ^ns(}olU. f^f ^'^ succeed] j]^ ugei. 

Sending Specimens. 

E. U. W., Warreu8»)urg, Mo.—" For the 
iDcloseH stamp pleasp scod ine a specimen 
of your writing." S« numerous are the re- 
qiiost« received, siinilrtr to the above, thai 
we deem it heel that it should be answered 
through the Journal. To Mr. W., no 
doubt, it aeems a triJU to ask for a specimen 
of our writing ; it will require but a few 
inoiiientD tn prepar" it aud write a suitable 
letter to aprDini>aiiy it, with thanks for liis 
favor; and hasn't In- sent a st^mp to pay 
for postage! The two or three sheets of 
paper, envelope, and the time and labor we 
,'na afl'ord to tjive for the honor of having 
H epeciinen of our writiug go abroad ! 
Were Mr. W. the only 
oue to ask for such a 
triHe we might respond 
without serious impover- 
ishment; but when the 
requests aggregate to a 
score or more, daily, it is 
no trifle, but constitutes a 
demaud of such magui- 


of his letters 
I under the title and emblems of an I. 0. 0. 
' F. Lodge, alleeing that ho desired an esii- 
I mate ft>r engrossing a !>et of resolutions, im- 
pliedly for the Prtid Lodge, aud also that he 
returned the Garfield Memorial cent to him 
for a premium ne a subscriber to the JoUR- 
s-AL— all of which he may havi- done, but 
no relumed specimens I'ver rea-died us; \)Ut 
his chief (and •' mirabilo diel'i!") circuin- 
stanee o' extenuation was that he had taken 
his first lessons in thy specimen-dodge years 
ago, from one of our pupils. We must con- 
fess that Mr. Powers, for a second-hand 
pupil (the first one being either a falsifier 
or a myth), has b^en wonderfully apt, and 

Four Kxtra Pages 

have been added to the present i^sne of the 
Journal, ohietly for the purpose of pre- 
senting specimens of pho'o-eugraviug, from 
peu-and-iuU copies, thereby illustrating the 
practical results of the application of that 
process to the reproduction of all classes of 
pen-work. By this Tnetliod-the penman's 
skill is brought into direct competition with 
the engraver upon wood and metal. The 
penman's designs are quickly aud cheaply 
transferred to relief- plates, which can be 
used {as they are in this paper) upon any 

tude as to leave us no- 
option but to dpcline. 
Nor can we hold our- 
selves bound by courtesy 
to reply to such com- 
munications because they 
inclose a stamp, as we 
have repeatedly said that, 

respond to all such solici- 
t«titins according to the 
cxpt'ctatious of the writ- 
ers, not a moment would 
remain to us for any 
other purpose. We shall 
endeavor to have the 
Journal reflect liberally 
of our penmanship aud 
that of others in every 
dep«rtiiieut of the art, but 
we cannot give attention 
to individual solicilora. 

All Back Numbers 
of the Journal may be 
and inclusive 
of January, J8/8; only a 
few copies on?78T?Iir 

^^^^i^'^y^ /-^ -^/^^ 

The King Club 

for the past month 
berfi sixty, and is sent by 
W. L. Jolinson, from the 
Gem City Business-Col- 
lege, Quiiiey, 111., where 
he is u most skillful Hod 
l)o|mlar teacher of writ- 
ing. The letter which 
accompanied his list .of 
names is one of the finest 
and most exceptionally 
good specimens of practi- 
cal writing we have seen. 

The second largest club 
numbers iifen(i/-/oi(r,and 
from liryant's Buffalo {N. 
Y.) Business- College. 

F.L.Powell, Corruna, 
Mich., and C. N. Crandle, ' 
penman at the Western Normal College, 
liushnell, III., send clubs of eleven names 

/ ,/ / V / y ■ ^^ 

three times the dimeusions of the desired 
reproduction ; the engraving will thus, 
through the reduction, present a finer aud 
more delicate appearance than if made 
without reduction. 

Third. Use a fine -quality of jet - black 
India ink, freshly ground from the stick. 

Fourth. Make all pencil guide - lines as 
lightly' a<i possible, with a medium — hard, 
fine-p'iinted pencil, aud when the work is 
finished reniovo the pencil-liues carefully 
with a soft gum or sponge rubber. If 
strong pencil-lines are made and then re- 
moved with a hard, coarse rubber, much of 
the ink will be also removed from the ink- 
Hues, thereby weakening their strength and 
color, especially the fine 
or hair lines. Bear in mind 
that all lines, to make a 
clear, strong reproduc- 
tion, must he striooth, 
uniform, and blai-k — no 
matter how fine if black. 
Any siiiooth-pointeil pen, 
of medium fineness, may 
be used. "Gilloit's 303," 
"t<pencerian Artistic," or 
the "Queen," are good. 

Those who cannot pro- 
cure the proper materials 
for good work, elsewhere, 
can do so from us, upon 
terms named in our list 
of ''Penmeu's and Ar- 
tists' Supplies," in another 
column, and also receive 
estimates fur photo-en- 
graving or lithographing 


Again Ihitl8ly Utile mas- 
tt!r nf archer/ iiiid witchery, 
Mr. Cupid, in liis relentless 
pursuit of new victims, has 
iuvaded our BflDCtum and, 
through the force of hia 
arts and nrins, has captured 
and led (we believe, how- 

aiice), to his hrmtiieal 
bower, our friend, the late 
"Charley," nnw Mr.Charles 



The ahare nit w pkolo-tng raved frii 

plates iUuttrativt of j>ractical < 

General Reference a/nd For 

7-if/i/iat pen-and-ink copy. eZffuled at the office of the •'Journal," and it one of the » 
urtistl/- penmanship prepared for tlie " Universal Self-InsU-uclor. and Manual of 
' issued hj Thomas Kelly. 3'o. 17 Hardaij Street, jVeio To . on November 1st. 
rk consults of 74s quarto panes, beautifully illustrated. 

. The event trans- 
pired on October a4lh. at 
WestminsltT Church, Eliz- 
abeth, N. J., where both 
parties resided. Mr. Kullin- 
801) is a Bkillfnl uud promis- 
ing artiM.who has for many 
years been an employee at 
our office, where he is held 
in high esteem by nil with 
whom he has been assooi- 
at«d. The bride, Miss Mar- 
ian F. Alien, is beauliful, 
accomplished, and is held iu 
great esteem by a numerous 
circle of fiieiids. Both are 
foi-tinmie and hiippy iu their 
choice, and have our hest 
wishes for a future fraught 
with all the hlessiugs of a 
most happy and prosperous 
wedded life. 

On the 19th uU., at 
Goshen. Ind., Orlando 0. 
Vernon and Elva L. Long- 


w freely ot iby «lDi 



In the November issue of the Gazette, 
Mr. Ivau Powers, who, it will be remem- 
bered, WHS noticed in the September uumber 
t>f the JuuiiNAL as the inventor of a now 
scheme for specimen-hunting, occupies over 
a colunm of space for substantially a con- 
fession of the tnilbfuluees of the charge, 
but offers, by way of extenuation, the slate' 
pitnt that be returptd to us the ipeciiueDs 1 aftrav and "jpok 

evinced astonishing capability. What he 
might have become had he enjoyed the ad- 
vantages of instruction, flrst- handed and 
real, fancy alone can conjecture. 

Among the numerous congratulations and 
thanks received for our exposure of Mr. 
Powers's methods, we quote the foHowiLg 
from Mr. J. W. Swank, WushingioD, D. C: 

.... I wqa glad that you aud friend Cady 
warmed the ear of that n«w Bpeeinien-dodger 
at Rncbeglt>r. Uy the inclosed ppecimen you 
will notice that I was one of bis victims. I 
Bent him specimenH, and the postage on the 
transacliou cost me $1 — 1^ say nothing of my 
time, writing to the 16-karat fraud. 

Mr. Weisahahn, of St. Louis, Mo., says: 

.... That lodge-headiijg and iseal Jed us 
and I Pin pprrj' '0 ^ay 

printing - press, in form of book, 
newspaper, catalogue, or circular illustra- 
tions, i.usiness cards, letter and hill heads, 
title pages, aud all kinds of commercial 
forma. Those fonns requiring a limited 
uumber of large prints, such as diplomas, 
pictures, certificates, etc., are best aud more 
cheaply transferred by photo-lithography 
aud priuted from stone. 

Pentneo <ir artists eoutemplating the 
preparation of designs for reproduction, by 
either photo -engraving or photo- lithog- 
raphy, should carefully observe the follow- 


First. Procure paper with a smooth, hard 

Second, J^ay ofl your deaign (.wipo or 

monial partnership. M'". 
young teacher of wniing, 1 
new parlnernliip will ht* a 

Signing U. S. Gold Certificates. 

Assistant United Slates Treasurer Aet(m. 
at the sub-treasury in this city, worked 
frrty-one days signing the late issue <if 
United States gold certificates, during which 
time he wrote his autograph ?»3.000 times— 
an average of 2,(j6o times per day. Were 
W. II. Vauderbilt to purchase tlie.'ie certifi- 
cates, of the denomiuation of $1,000. to the 
extent of his means (rejiuted to he $2fi0,- 
000,000), and Mr. Acton ho required to 
sign them, he woul4 ^e |htiB employed 130 

Lessons in Correspondence. 

It is our purpose very soon to give, 
through the columns of the Journal, the 
first of a series of leaaons m correspondence. 
The lessons will he illustrated mth numer- 
ous examples of the most approved styles for 
the various kinds of correspondence, photo- 
engraved from carefully prepared pen-and- 
ink copy, BO that the letters will he rft the 
same time models for composition and 
chirography. We shall endeavor to render 
the course, in all respects, as complete and 
useful as possihle. 

New Writing Implements. 

Tlie "Slandard and Script Ruler," as 
now furnished from this office, is as near 
perfect as selected material, good printing 
and elegant finish can make it. It is 15 
inches long, nf choice seasoned silver maple, 
with improved brass edge. Tliis ruler is 
now used in the leading husineBs-colleges, 
and othfT schools ol the country where 
book keeping and writing- classes are taught, 
and is fully endorsed by practical teachers 
and accountants. It furnishes the correct 
i:. S. Standard of measurement, and em- 
braces approved alphabets of capital and 
small letters, with figures and connected 
writing. It teaches the difierent sizes of 
writing used in book-keeping and corres- 
pondence — a feature not provided for defi- 
nitely or fully in any system of copy-books. 
While it presents, in durable a d practical 
form, a complete system of plain writing, it 
is, in every respect, a first-class ruler for 
measuring and ruliny purposes, and is 
adapted to the use of the farmer, arti,sao, 
accountant, student, professional man, mer- 
chant and banker. The ruler is mailed at 
the same retail price as plain rulers of cor- 
responding grade which have none of its 
special advantages. We forward it to any 
address, by mail, on receipt of 30 cents. . 

"The New Era (Straight and Oblique) 
Penholder Attachment."— This new inven- 
tion is offered at a price within the reach of 
all, from the child in the primary school up 
to the chieftains at the head of the various 
bureaus at the National Capital. Attached 
to any penholder, it can be used straight or 
oblique, adjusting the pen for an easier and 
more perfect sweep than can be obtained by 
a <ommou penholder without it. It is 
■ specially adapted for use with "Ames's 
Favorite," or other pens of similar size. 
Will send five attathments, by ma'il, on re- 
ceipt of 25 cents. 

"The Standard Practical Penmanship," 
— The editi- n of this work, issued, in port- 
folio form, by the Journal, is what it pur- 
ports to be— a library of practical writing, 
from which all who use the pen can gather 
a thorough knowledge of business penman- 
ship. U is a complete and reliable self- 
in3truct<.r, presenting an elementary and 
advanced course in the most simple interest- 
ing and comprehensive way. No chiro- 
graphic publication ever gained so many 
friends, and such extend, d circulation as the 
Standard since its issue in April last. 

Single portfolios of the Standard are 
mailed to any address on receipt of $1 . 

1 maklDg a 

Bbl^ aa the tiu wUob 

len. fiffiirw. and 
and l«lger-.i»e 

s chiefly based upoi 
Spenrerian Japan lot 

ladwuy. New Yor 

llie T[gbl liiind. Mr. Sper 

Not Responsible. 
It should be distinctly understood that 
the editors of the Journal are not to be 
held as indorsing anything outside of its 
editorial columns ; all communications not 
objectionable in their character, nor devoid 
of interest or merit, are received and pub- 
lished ; if any person differs, the columns 
are equally open to bim to sjiy so and tell 

The Co-Opbuative Life and Acci- 


r^ill attention to the advertisement, in another 
column, of the above Association, regularly 
organized under the laws of the State of 
New York, with authority, from the Insur- 
aure Dei)artment, to do business. 

The Association commenced business on 
May Ist, 1882, and has now a large and 
rapidly-growing membership, including the 
transfer of about four hundred members 
from the Tontine Mutual Accident Co. of 
New Haven, Conn. 

From our knowledge of the men compos- 
ing its Board of Directors and its Officers, 
we commend this new Co-operative Asso- 
ciation to__ those desiring Life and Accident 
Insurance, at a minimum cost, ou the pop- 
ular assessment plan. 

We dtfsire to call attention to the adver- 
tisement of L. Madarasz, which has ap- 
peared for some time in the columns of the 
Aht Journal. Mr. Madarasz is doing 
in his line some of the finest work of any 
penman we know of, and we commend bim 

How to Remit Money. 
The best and safest way is by Post-office 
Order, or a bank draft, on New York ; next, 
by registered letter. For fractional parts of 
a dollar, send postage stamps. Do not send 
personal checks, especially for small sums, 
nor Canadian postage stamps. 


A. D. Chisholm is teaching ^ 
InntQ, Mich. 

B. A. West, a late graduate of G.W. MichaeVe, 
Delaware, O . has been engaged to teach writ- 
ill); at the Normal Suhoni, Sherwood, Mich. 

Mre. S. E. Cowan is teaching writing-claseeB 
at Stratford, Ont. She writes a very good 
hand, Riid Is favorably mentioned by the Styat- 
fard 7i7M«. 

At the Coinmeu cement Exercises by the 
atudenrs of G. W. Michael. lately held in the 
City Opera House, Delaware, O., Mr. Miohae. 
waa the recipient of a $'^ photograph albunil 
The graduating clas)) numbered 2'i. 

Rev. D. Copeland, D.D.. principal of the 
Wyoming Seminary of Kingston, having been 
obligfd to resign on accoual of failing healtli, 
the Uev. L. L. Sprague, formerly principal of 
the commercial department, has been elected 
principal of the entire iustitution. 

C. E. Carhart, author of '■ CarhArfs Com- 
mercini Law," informs iia that his book ia hav- 
ing a large and iocreastiu^j sale — over 4.000 
copies liaviug been sold in a little more than a 
year. It is used i» many of the leading 
business-colleges, and its snceess is well de- 

S. R. Webster and A. L. Thompson have 
lately opened, at Rock Civek. O., a school for 
iuHlruotion in shorthniid writing and penman- 
ship. Both are skillful and experienced 
teachers, Mr. W. is among the moat skillful 
writers of the country. A photo enpraved 
copy of a specimen uf hie shorthand and off- 
baud flourishing appears on another page. 

The Hon. H. A. Spencer. assHciate-author of 
the Spencerian publications, hand» ua a lung 
list of names as subscribers, taken chiefly in 
the public schools of New York and Brooklyn, 
while visiting them in behalf of good writing. 
Twenty-five of these subscribers have Iheir 
Bubacriptions to begin with the May number. 
iu which appears the first writiug-ieasun by 
H. C. Spencer. 

L. B. LawBon, has lately been tesohing sev- 
eral ivriting- classes at Tehama, Cal. The 
Counsellor, published at that place, in speak- 
ing of the result of bis work, says: 


We copy the following from a St. Louis 
paper of the ^iOih ult.: 

F. W. H, Wiesehalin, aeoretaty of the Sosaiiiffliaui 
Ci)[timitlee, waa out yesterday afleraoou notifylDg dele- 

rriglilened at aomennDg nn Tonib and Peoroie strceU, 

Mr. Wiesehahn will have the sympathy and 
best wishes of a host of friends, among whom 
he will pleaae number us. 

A package of elegant specimens of practical 
writing has been received from the Spencerian 
Bu9ine!.s College, Cleveland. 0.. written by 
J. L. Scott. We have rarely seen them ex- 

A photo of an exquisite specimen of pen- 
lettering and drawing, from the pen of H. W. 
Fiickinger. of Philadelphia, has been received. 
Also, an excellent specimen of epistolary 

J. W. Swank, the tamed penman of the 
Treasury Department, Washington, D. C, has 
favored us with an imperial photo of a set of 
resohitioiis which he recently engrossed. The 
design and manner of execution reflect a high 
order of fkill. 

C. N. Crandle, principal of the Commercial 
Inelitute, connected mth the Western Normal 
College at Buahnt-II, 111., sends a splendidly 
written letter, incloaing ths namei' of eleven 
subscribers to the JouUNAL, and aaya: "I 
shall send a larger club next month. 

Creditably executed specimens of penman> 
"hip have been received from 8. H. Strife, 
teacher of commercial branches in the Southern 
Iowa Normal School ut BloomHeld; Uriah 
McKee, principal of the writing department, 
Oberiiu (O.) College; R. W. Cobb, card- 
writer, Cincinnati, O. ; W. C. Walton, card- 
writer. Porramouih, N. H.; D. F. Winkelman, 
Jr.. Lansingburgh. N. Y.; T. R. Southern, 
penman at Heald's Businesp-College, San Fran- 
cisco, Cal. (a bandHomely written letter): D. 
E. Blake, Laybrook, III.; H. M. Reves, De- 
troit, Mich, (cards); A. U. Capp. penman at 
Heald'B Business College, San Francisco, Cal. 
(a beautifully written letter); A. N. Palmer, 
Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 

The grave and learned scientists of the 
British Association fotmil time at their re- 
cent meeting at Southampton for a little of 
that nonsense that is relished by the wisest 
meu. One of the jihilo-oophers, in the midst 
of a profound dissertation which was being 
delivered by a brother member, perpetrated 
the following, which he solemnly avowed 
was a cradle-soDg with which he had been 
lulled to sleep in his babyhood years : 

.Spi„.illale. Bdntillflfe, gfobule viviflo ; 
Fain I lallioin lUj; Daturo .pw-iflo 
Loftily poiied in tether capnoiom, 
Strongly rMeinbling a gem CarbonaceoUi. 

Sample copies of the Journal sent only 
o receipt of price — ten cents. 

A package ot well wriiien copy-slips comes 
from F. P. Preuitt, principal of Fort Worth 
(Texas) Business- College. 

E. M. Wingate has been leaching large 
elapses in Sutsex County, N. J. The card- 
specimens which he iu;!osed were very fine. 

A. W. Woods, of Elwin, 111., has, lately, 
executed a creditable design for a marriage 
certificate, a copy of which has been received. 

A. J. Scarborough, penman at Goodman's 
Knoxville (Tenn.) Business- College, sends 
some well executed specimens of rapid writing. 

E. L. Stoddard, penman at Peirce's Bueinese- 
Coltege, Keokuk, luwa, writes a hundsomo 
letter, in which he inclosea a very skillfully 
executed flourish of a bird and scrolls. 

" Rox-innrklDg," by ] 

rely proseuted. — 1 


<illiMtTHled), and 

KSAi. deservodljr 

s tirniueatloDUbly 
Dllemau nlio foili 


Tfu /ollowinf/ ^fi/f-tn cuIm are photo-rngrai 
from aviagraplta vTritUn hy pupils of (i. i 
Michael, at DtUnBare, Ohio. They pre»6nl mt 
than ordinary freedom and tkiil in the cAi'i 

Write Plainly. 

EdgHT A. pop owed the first rerogDition 
of his genius a» a writer to excolleuoe of Lis 
pentnansliii). A prize was offered by n ma- 
gazine f(i^ tlie best story sent its publishers. 
Poe Peut A story as a i-ouipetitur for the 
prize, and snch was llie Httrar'tiveuessi of the 
manuscript that the wearied judges read it 
with pleasure. 

Its coDtcuts also delighted them, and they, 
leaving other manuscripls n- read, gave to 
Poe the prize. Of course, the judges were 
unfair to the ooinperitors whose iiianuccript, 
they did not read, hut the aueedote suggests 
what may bo tlio efft-ct <if eood penmanship 
in securing the attentive reading of an 

An Knglish mngazine tells of a certain 
Duke whoso ilkgible handwritiug caused 
him to lose the woman he had selected for 
his wife. The lady iya# the daughter ol a 

merchant, and the Duke, iu a note to her 
father, offered h^r his hand. 

Much to his Grace's surprise, the mer- 
chant's answer was, "Declined with thanks, 
on account of a previous engagement." 

The man of business had been unable to 
read the note, but had guess'>d that it con- 
veyed au offer of the Duke's box at the opera 
for a certain night. 

The Duke married another woman, and 
the daughter joined herself to a man much 
lower in rank. In the course of years they 
met, and then there was nn oxplaiiatinn. 
The anecdote does not tell whether each re- 
gretted the illegible note, but the moral is 
just as jilaiu as if they had. 

Send Money for Specimens. 
Persons desiring a specimen-copy of the 
Journal must remit ten cents. No atten- 
tion will be given to postal-card requests 
for Pame. 

Mixed Postage Stamps. 

Some Alarming Figures Suggested 

BY A New Fashionable Craze. 
A recent " Fashion Note " ia as follows: 
" A red two-cent stamp and a blue one-cent 
stamp, in pWe of the usual three-cent stamp, 
are quite the rage in fashionable correspond- 
ence. Young ladies are much givon over to 
their use. The red, and the blue on the 
white background, are said to symbolize 

" Whew! " said Superintendent Van Pelt, 
of the New York Post-office, to a Sun re- 
porter, as he heard the announcement. "I 
hope that isn't so. I wonder if those young 
ladies ever stop to think how much trouble 
they make. Now, suppose everybody took 
a fancy to the blue and red stamps. We 
send out an average of 4.'J0,()00 domestic let- 
ters a day, not counting those that come 
from stations. -Every stamp is cancelled 
separately. With two stamps on each let- 
ter. the ranccller': would lie obliged to strike 
4r)(l,n00 extra blows. Now lot's see. A 
man's hand, in passing from the letter to the 
ink pad and back, goes over a space of at 
least eight inithes. On 4.50,000 letters a 
-man's. iianJ — give me that piere of paper- 
would travel over 3,600,000 inches. Divide 
by twelve, and you have 300,000 feet. Di- 
vide again by .'5,280, au<l you have neariy 
fifty-seven miles. That's as far as from 
here to Trenton. Tliat's one day's journey 
of a man's h>iud. The second day the hand 
would be past Philadelphia. In a week it 
would be over towards Pittsburgh, and in a 
little more than fourteen months the hand 
would circumnavigate the world, like Cyrus 
W. Field. Think of it! What a vast waste 
of force! I haven't taken into account 
either, the extra work of the men who sell 
the stamps, or that of the people who licit 
them and put them on the letters. But let 
us suppose that the tearing off, licking and 
sticking on of each stamp takes half a min- 
ute. That's 450.000 half minutes, or 225, 
000 minutes. There are 1,440 minutes in a 
day. Now divide, that makes 156J day's 
time put in on each day's mail. Now in the 

year Must you go? Well, good - by ! 

Try to discourage that fashion." 

fipiTAPHS.— In a New England grave- 

At LncIi Kousa; 

Hero lies Di 
Jmrnl Mac I 

Extra Copies of the "Journal" 
will be sent free to teachers and others who 
desire to make an effort to secure a club of 

How; W^omen keep "Expense- 

It is H touching sight to see a woman be- 
gin to make up her expenses, having firmly 
resolved to put down every cent she spends, 
80 as to find out how to economize, and 
where all the money goes. Procuring a small 
bonk, she makes a due entry, and on Monrbiy 
after the first.Saturday on which her husband 
brings home his pay, she carefully tears the 
margin o9 a newspaper and, with a blunt 
pencil, strikes a trial-balance something in 

John brought me home $48-50, and $1.4.3 
I had is $49.93, and $1 .00 I lent Mrs. Dixon 
is $50.93— but hold on, t ought not to ent*'r 
that, because when she returns it, it'll go 
down. That was $49.93, and what have I 
done with thatf 

Then she puts down the figures, leaving 
out the items to save time — a process 
which enables her to leave out most of the 
items to where a round sum is involved, on 
the supposition that they have already been 
put down. As thus: 

Six dollars and fourteen cents for meat, 
and ten cents for celery, and 10 cents in the 
street cars, and a bad 5 cent piece I got iu 
exchange, and $2.81 cents I paid the milk- 
man—who owes me 19 cents — that's $y, 
and 15 cents at church, and the groceries— 
they were eithtr $15.fi0 or $l(i.50, and 1 
don't remember which they were, but I 
guess it must -have been $f5.(j0, for the 
grocer said that if I would give him a dime 
he would give me half a dollar, which would 
make even change, and I couldn't because 
the smallest I had was a quarter— and $2.75 
for mending Katie's shoes, which is the last 
money that shoemaker ever gets out of me, 
and 10 cents for celery— no, I put that down. 

Finally she sums up her trial -balance 
sheet, and finds that it foots up $64.28, which 
is about $15 more than she had originally. 
She goes over the list several times and 
checks it carefully, but all the items are cor- 
t^ct,andsheisju8t about in despair when her 
good angel hints that there may be a possible 
mistake in the addition. Acting upon the 
suggestion she foots up the column and finds 
that the total ia $44.28, and that according 
to the principles of the arithmetic she ought 
to have S5.fi5. Then she counts her ca.ih 
several times, the result varying from $1.40 
up to $1.97, but then she happily discovers 
that she has been mistaking a $2 gold piece 
for a cent, and remembers that she gave the 
baby a trade dollar to cut its gums with 
Ou the whole she has come within 8G cents 
of a balance, and thai, she says, is close 

account book: "Dr. — by household ex- 
penses," bo much: and is very happy till 
she remembers, just before going to bed, 
that slie had omitted $2 75 for her husband's 



Fine Writing. — 
During a lull iu the proceedings in the Jef- 
ferson Market Police Court recently, an 
undersized man, named John McEnterich, 
said to Justice Ford: 

" Miua says she'll be good. Judge. She 
wiot(* me all about it." 

" Who is Miua r" Justice Ford asked. ■ 

"Don't you know, Judge?" the little 
man said ; " wliy, Mina is my «-ife. She was 
sent to tlie Islaud a couple of weeks ago by 
you for three mouths." 

" Well, what do you want me to do? "the 

'* Do, Judge ! Why, I want you to let her 
go," said the man. " She wrote me a very 
pretty letter, saying that she'd stop drinking 
and bo a good, faithful wife hereafter. Would 
you like to see the lotterf " 

Upon consideration Justice Ford to.ik tlie 
letter, looked it over and asked McEulerich 
it his wife had really written the letter. 

"Mina don't write herself. Souir one 
wrote It for her," sai • McEnterh-b. 

" There is a great power iu tiue writiug, 
especially when it comes from the soul of 
the writer," said Justice Ford ; "but I don't 
think Mina means what somebody else says. 

Come to me in about a month and I'll i 
what I'll do for you."^iV. Y. Telegram. 

Importance of Penmanship. 

By Miss Zrlla M. Bo-\t:k. 
We have chosen for our theme a eulogy 
on the art of all arts pres- rvativr-. F.-w 
aubjects have given rise to more discussion, 
tlian the question " Wheu and Where did 
Writing Originate ? '' 

We learn that oral communications had 
existed for ages. Previous to that time 
ideas were presented to the eye, by eymboli- 
cal characters called Hieroglyphics. Of 
course these were rude and uncertain, but 
without them all really ancient history 
would be lost to us. 

About 500 B. C. letters were introduced 
into Greece; these were, at first, but sixteen 
in nmiiber ; being found insufficient, eight 
more were added, later. 

From inscription;, on ancient monuments 
and other valuable relirs, it would seem that 
capital letters wtre used almost exclusively. 
During the sixth century Saxon written 
characters were gradually disseminated in 
England, and they softened the bold Roman 
text wonderfully. 

The invention of printing, in the fitteenth 
century, brought writing almost to a stand- 
still. But since, without abaiing its import- 
ance, the art of writing has been applied 
more widely than ever to the practical and 
every-day business of life, and it lias so grad- 
ually developed from the rude hieri>elyphics 
of antiquity, until now it has become the 
most enviable of modern classic arts. 

The art of penmanship ha.-* no peer in 
simplicity, beauty or real practical utility. 
A UHiment's reflection will convince any one 
of its great importance. There is no trade 
or profession where penmanship is not of 
the greatest necessity, as it is iutimately 
connected with every commercial or business 
relation of life. By its power, thoughts and 
ideas are enabled to assume a visible form, 
anil the eye may follow the workings of the 

The efforts of the merchant would he very 
uncertain, indeed, were he denied his ledger 
and other characteristics of his business; 
without these, and the pen to execute, he 
would be like a mariner on the open sea, 
without compass or glass. 

For a lady or gentleman seeking employ- 
ment, there is no better recommendation 
than a good handwriting — at least, none 
that will so readily aid. 

Many — in fact, most — of our prominent 
business and political men are close to 
their good handwriting for their early sue- 
When a business-man wishes assistance 
in any of his numerous and arduous duties 
he always prefers a good penman, if his 
other qualifications come up to the standard ; 
for his penmanship alone renders him or 
her (as the case may be) a desirable assist- 

A person, if ho is only a good penman, 
need not remain long either in poverty or 
obscurity. There is always a place for him, 
for the demand for such is greatly iu ad- 
vance of the supply. And the teaching of 
penmanship is an admirable vocation fo 
either sex. Many ladies, reared in affluence, 
have, by the misfortune which will some- 
times overtake the most wary, been reduced 
to the most extreme poverty; but they need 
not long remain so, if they have any energy 
whatever, for what can be more pleasant or 
lady-like than teaching a class in penman- 
ship i that is, if, intheiralHuence, they were 
not too indifferent or too indolent to culti- 
vate this necessary art. 

To the literati, an author of any kind, or 
any public man, a good handwriting is in- 
dispensable. For accompanying bis work 
is generally his photo and signature. 
Whether he be handsome or not, the photo, 
iu my estimation, is much handsomer if the 
signature is plain, neat and legible, instead 
of an unreadable scrawl. Aud when sent 
to the printer, a well written document ia 
always certain to be correctly printed; and 

the author himBelf must thrill with satisfao- 
tion and gratification, when be views a well 
wrilU'ii ami legible uiaauecript of liis owu 

Aside from any business correspondence, 
the exchange of friendly Bentiment, etc., de- 
pends lar^e on the use of the pen. Friends 
cannot always remain together. The great 
Ihw i.f the uuivei-sc is change. How iupon- we would feel did we not have the 
patisfaction of sending and receiving uies- 
8H«es of dear absent ones. And how wel- 
come are such messages. How disappointed 
we are, if, on the expected day of arrival, 
they are not received. How we watch and 
wait for them ; and when they do come, 
the eagerness with which they are devoured 
(mentally, of course), serves to show ever 
blessed is the pen. Penmanship is a branch 
of t'diication which not only traios the mind 
and eye to the accuracy of form, but enables 
us to overcome the difficulty of making The 
hand ol)ey the intellect, and execute what 
the understanding perceives; showing the 
marked difference between the ability to see 
and to do. Thus, if only for the cultivation 
of tlie eye, and taste, is penmanship im- 

The art of writing is the preservative of 
history. Througli its agency, the Old World 
lies befoie us like a map : the rise and fall ; 
the triumphs and defeats of the mighty 
Eastern empires and dynasties ; for the pen 
hath faithfully performed its task. The 
literature of the Old World is ours through 
this same great intervention. 

Even at this late day, the discoveries made 
in 188J, in the finding of mummies of royal 
personages, with rolls of papyri, are a sub- 
ject of great cougratulation to historians. 
It is hoped the rolls will supply the missing 
link in some parts of sacred history. " The 
discoveries were made in the Dybian mount- 
ains, in a cut of solid rock. Among the 
embalmed were found the bodies of King 
Thothmes III. (I,G00 B. C), and King 
Uameses 11, (J:330 B. C). Moses, it is 
claimed, was born in the sixth yeaT of the 
latter sovereign's reigu. The body of the 
princess who saved Mosfes from the bul- 
nishfs, lies in a state of perfect preserva- 
tion. The coffin is beautifully ornaoieuted 
with rich colorji and precious stones. These 
sarcophagi were doubtless placed there for 
eafc-keeping, during the Persian invasion." 
How different tliere to our owu hi-mj- 
sphero. Our kuoiviedgo of it is limited to a 
period of four hundred years, while the age 
of fifty-five centuries beyond lies shrouded 
in impenetrable darkness. 

Unmistakable footprints of a numerous 
race have been fouud ; otherwise, what 
means the mijjhty cities and forest-crowned 
pyramids that spot our entire continent. 
Yet we know nothing whatever of these, 
Have, in answer to the query : '' What said 
Indian tradiliou of these monuments f " It 
is ropUod: "Our fathers, when they came to 
this country, found these monuments of a 
perished race, as they now are; when and 
by whom wore they reared, they knew not 
aud wo know not. 

It is still hoped that in some : 
the deep tracings of some his 
may yet be revealed by the trui 
the noble pen, something to tell 
who once ruled nud reigned here. 

Thus, "ilie pen engraves for every art, 
and indites for every press. It is the pres- 
ervatiou of language, tlie business-man's se- 
curity, the poor boy's patron, and the ready 
slave of the world of miud." 

Is ii not singularly strange, that the very 
hramih that enters most largely into all the 
social and buoiucss relations of life, U the 
most indifferently taught of all branches 
constituting our modern course of wjhool 
training ? 

I ask, is it not a sad commentary on the 
boasted intelligence of the nation, when wo 
have in Pcuusylvauia tbirly-fivo thousand 
voters who caiiuot write tbeir names; and 
in New York this class numbers uot less 
tliau fifty thousand men. Wo, as Btudente, 
may not be able to do much, but let us give 
exprewoQ (o our convictioof , liy (Attempting 

to wipe out this dark stain from our fair 
educational policy. 

Let us no longer consider this useful art a 
mystery confiued to the gifted few; but let it 
take its proper place among the arts, in our 
education. Let us consider our education 
greatly defective, unless we are able to write 
a plain, iieat, graceful hand. I hope I have 
convinced all, that the old and time-worn 
axiom, "The pen is mightier than the 
sword," is true as well as poetical. No 
matter whether made of steel, eooseqiiill, 
or gold with diamond point, it records with 
accuracy tlie deeds of men, as individuals 

— Pe»n. Business College Journal. 

■rilten message.' 
paper." — Town- 
-Hill. "A 

He it is. who reads, pauses, recalls to 
memory the exact expression worn by the 
writer, under similar circumstances; con- 
siders tli*> writer's surroundings, disposition 
(to jest or otherwise), advantages of educa- 
tion, mood while writing, etc. 

One often writes while angry, or unwell, 
that which he really does not meau. The 
mood has cast its shadow across the page, 
like a blur on the painter's picture. 

Now begins the retouching process. As 
the artist (familiar with his subject) would 
grasp his brush, and reproduce the blurred 
outline, and blended color, so the reader, 
(knowing liis friend's disposition) gjasps bis 
brush of imagination, exposes the letter to 
memory's light, makes due allowance for 
the writer's mood, and thus arrives at its 

ecret place 
oric Moses 
I tracing of 
us of those 

The Inscription. — At the beginning of 
the present century, a trick was played on 
a learned antiquary, by a studeut who pre- 
tended to have found, on the he'ghts nf 
Montmartre, an ancient stone bearing the 
inscription : 

C.E S.T.I C.I.L.E.C H. 

E.M I.N.U E.S..\.N E.S. 

. . . . Many members of the Academie des 
Inscriptions were said to have been caught 
by it. The more they cudgeled their brains 
the further they wandered from the interpre- 
tation thereof. Whereas, the letters, read 
straight on, wtmld liave told them that 
"C'est ici le chemin des anes." "T.H. . . 

. . IS.I.S.T.H E.P.A.T H.F.O. 

R.D O.N-K E.Y.S." " This 

IS the path for dnukeys." — London Society. 

A Letter. 

[By D. W. HOKF. Prof, of P«un»,nabip and Dra^.ug 

What is a letter F " 
— Websl'T. "A talk 
fend. A record of thought, 
picture of thought." — Sfjcucrr. 

Yes, *'» picture of thought," but a very 
imperfect one. A mere sketch, that requires 
a master artist, with his brush of imagina- 
tion, to reproduce in true color and outline ; 
a mere negative, that does not truthfully 
represent the original thought, (which, per- 
haps, has half Howu eie the writer uau re- 
cord it), nor clearly defi.uo the writer's 
meaning until retouched with imagiuation'ti 
keenest pencil, and subjei^ted to memory's 
light, till every feature and expression of the 
writer is fully recalled to the vision of the 

I would say, too, an imperfect picture, if 
written by almost any <me, for how few can 
perfectly define or clearly express their exact 
thoughts i 

1 say a mere sketch, when written by one 
of those rapid thinkers whose pen cannot 
keep pace with his thoughts ; and who for- 
gets tlio latter part of his ^entence while 
writing the first; or in trying to keep pace 
with his thoughts omits some important 
word, and, in his haste sends it uncorrected. 

1 would say a sketch, if written by an un- 
educated person, or one who finds it difficult 
to express his thoughts. 

I say a mere negative, if written in the 
most exact, clear and appropriate language ; 
for, as lago requires a Lawrence Barrett, 
and Hamlet a Booth, with their faultless ex- 
pression and gesture, to bring out the writer's 
full meanmg ; so that the writer must be 
read in the writer's spirit iu order to got its 
full meaning and weight. 

I will illustrate this point by the follow- 
ing quotation from .i lady's letter to a friend : 
"How I wish 1 did uot have to pen this, 
for iu writing you see naught but the cold 
path of the pen, while iu speaking you could 
read the pain it costs mo, iu my eyes." 

A man's ability to con.preheud a letter 
depends upon his knowledge of human na- 
ture, intimacy with the writer, etc- 

The master artist is ho who is possessed 
of a broad kuowledgo of human nature, 
, keen perceptive aud imaginative powerti, 
good memory and a disposition to read with 
I care and understanding. 

Abt and Science. — For art and science 
are not of the world, though the world may 
corrupt them ; they have the nature of re- 
ligion. When, therefore, we see them shak- 
ing off ihe fetters of the reigning religion, 
we may be anxious, but we are not to call 
this an outbreak of secularity ; it is the ap- 
pearance of new forms of religion, which» 
if they threaten orthodoxy threaten secularity 
quite as much, Now, secularity is the Eng- 
lish vice, and we may rejidce to see it at- 
tacked. . It ought to be the beginning t<\ a 
new life for England that the heavy mater- 
ialism which has so long weighed upon her 
is shaken at last. We have been perhaps 
little aware of it, as one is usually littb- 
aware of the atmosphere one has long 
breathed. We have beeu aware only of an 
energeticindustrialism. We have been proud 
of our natural "self-help," of our industry 
and solvency, aud have takeuas but the due 
reward of these virtues our good fortune iu 
polities aud colonization. We have eveu 
framed for ourselves a sort of Deulerouomic 
religion, which is a great comfort to us ; it 
teaches that because we are honest and 
peaceable and iudustrioiis, thercfon- our 
Jehovah gives ub wealth iu abuuduucf, ami 
our exports and imports swell, and our debt 
diminishes and our emigrants peiqde half 
the globe. — Natural Meligion. 

The Common School. — " I believe in 
colleges and academies, aud select and high 
schools, but I would rather see thoTU perish 
than the common school perish. I would 
fain have the common school made strong 
aud so good, so largo, so luminous, so lull of 
marrow of good things, that tlioy wlio dwell 
in the neighborhood of it, uo matii-r how 
rich they nmy be, cannot afford to send 
their children anywhere else. Make that 
which you do for common people better than 
that which can be done by select classes iu a 
cc.unuuniiy for themselves. Make such pro- 
vision for the educatiou of the commonest 
common people that the richest uncommon 
people will come suppliantly and 'ask for 
their ohildrou the privilegoa of participating 
in the advantages of the common school. 
And keep it common. Bring everybody to 
it, and let them there learn each o, heir's 
brotherhood — and thus society, beginning 
aud passing through the common school, 
M'ill form sympathetic association which will 
no more be forgotten by men than the \^ide- 
Rpread brauohes of a tree forget the roots 
from which all their maguiticeuce draws 
sustenance." — Henry Ward Beecher. 

Mf>S(HriTOES AND ELEr-n,\NTS.— Tlii(-k 

suffers more from flies, mosquitoes, leei^bes. 
and other vermin than he. The pores are 
very large, and gadflies and mosquito s, etc.. 
worm ihoiusolves into the h«dlow and smk 
to repletion. Thus the whole day long tlu-y 
are constantly throwing up dirt, squirliuy 
saliva or water, to get rid of these pests, to 
the great annoyance of their riders. I'hcy 
snore a good deal when asleep, and I hitv>' 
often seen them resliug their heads on au 
outstretched foot when lying ihnvn. Tliey 
are very human-liUe iu many of tlieir ways. 
They get a piece of wood aud use it as a 
to'itiipick. They scratch themselves with 
the tip ol their prolwjscis, and if thoy can- 
not reach the place with that they take up 
a branch and use that. Natives say they 
plug up bullet-holes with day, but I never 
knew an instance of it myself. — The London 
Field. __ 

The largestgunbusinessis thatof Krupp, 
at Essen. The population of the E>(sen 
works is 15,700, and the nuiriber of boilers 
aud engines is extraordinary — 429 boilers, 
45:1 steam engines, with a horsepower of 
]8,5{)0; tJ2 steam hammers, 1,556 furnaces, 
irf which 14 are high furnaces, producing 
aOD.OOU tons of steel and 2G,aU0 tons of iron 

Happy New Year Cards for 1883. 

^^ Order early Iwforg we mil sill 
N«w Kuig:lan<l Card Co., 



M .\ Y II K \V ■ S 

Manual of Business Practice, 

Detroit. Mich 



SNU'fN.S.'ay »AN.iviVm>l»\W^VV\Yi\W^mS. '»'»5.\^W,]®SC FjI' 


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— e@^;^^tiiuntf ^ ^lut^r luttt ^t^jrcmunts fitruml^^ii mim|itti 

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York. ^ ■^ 








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Lemuel II. 'Wilson, Treasurer. 

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A New and Improved Work on Business Calculations, 

Specially Prepared as a Practical Text-book for Business-Colleges, 

Hig-h Schools. Academies and Universities. 

When first publiBlufd. it bI once receivpci tiii' Btroug(?8l indorBtsmenl wl many of tlif 
lending buBinesK pdiifialor« in tliiH comitr/. tind wft» adoptwd by over one hundred promineut 
BuBineaa-Co! leges and Private Scliools in the United Stales mid llie Caundas, 

Since thai time it Iiae been able not onhj t» retain KVKHY ONK of its patrons, but aleo to 
eecure othern, in Biu-h numbei-s that four large editioua have be«u consumed in supplying the 


just puhlisbfil (.'.IJ n.val octavo pages), has I 
many nwv and valuHbl^ plates, together wilb ihe 
to the publii'iirion olnew book.*. 

In addition to the publication of tlie wor 
published in iwo Parts. 

B also pul 


ComprlBes 193 royal octavo psges, beginning with the introduction of Arithmetic, and extending 
to the subject of Percentage." The methods are adapted to daily use, very practical, and em- 
brace many novel features. 


practical than any feiuiilar wori; now l>f !■ 

ft\B of the many testimonials which havt 
work in their respective claas-rooms. 


Prof. H. B. Hibliard. Boston. — "After two years' it-sl | Prol. S. Bngurdua. SfriDgllelrt. Ills.— ■■! am glud tu 
In Ihe trhool-voom. I I'roouunce il lt» Ije Uie best irnrk ol , pve j-oiir work my liearly aiiproval." 

Prof. CharlM Cla^honi. Brooklyn.— " Wguld not uw 
Prcf. H. C. Spencer. WB»liin^on.—" UoquMthiaably ' 

"OivM greot suliiilaitiou. AdiuLtably addpleol lo our i 
Pror. O. A. Gnskel]. Jeney Ci>y. — "I oooiidor i 

._ J. Hyder. 

work ot tbe kind yet published." 

'rnri. Culeman aod PalaiM, Ket 
plele en(>^<'li)piedin of pmotictti e 

■ J. M. Pilolier. Des B 

r. Cleveland. — "II iatlic 

% perfect aaturaotioi 

fa. ni.— "ARer thoroughly 
«ton,_ Teraa.— " It ts a >u 

yllM, Diibiiqus. loira. — "I pronounoe It lo 

in it. Bruttier Galeiburg. HI. — "It is the 
ooinprebeusire work ever published." 

-Latimer. Pftterson. N. J.— "Am greatly 

1 from 

Prof. H, C. Clark. Tituaville. Pa— "Every c 
tal college In tbe oounlry should adopt il." 

Prof. H. M. Horrioger. tawronce. Kan.— "I ai 
Prof. Addit Albro, East Oreenwiph, R. I.— - 

Prof*. P. P. Pronitt it. Brother. P<irt Worih, 

Prol. P, A. SteoduiaD, ] 


Comi)lete Edition, Expr 


For the use of Teachers and Private INipi 
a work containing auswt^rs to all thi 
problems in the Complkte Edi- 
tion, will be mailed on receipt 
of ar. cents. 

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Noi. 6 and 6 NuKxu Chabus Strbet, BALxmoRK, Mo. 





The name N/i^n-n;.-;, Iihh been identified with a leading system of instruction in writing 

for over forty yeni> ' 'u ' 'I'l !<* have borne that designation since lHri4, and our Steel 

Pens since IriHO, M ; u i- also been used by us as a special tradt mark for all our 

penmanship publi' > i ■ ■ i - specialties. 

Ir is reciit'iii. ' i ■ ' ■ ' ^ "i- ' ' '" a guaranty oi the superiority of anything which bears 
that well-known and eiamlsini (iici;-'Tiiiliun. 


Are used by all the best penmen in the country. They combine a degree 
smoollineBB of point not found in any other pens. 

Samples of the I'INE-POIN'T pens sent on receipt of 3-cent i 


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imled by all ul,„ i„av ii- tli,..n. 



The points of superiority whii-h we claim for these pencils are, the FINEST Graphite, 

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The mastery of this sentence pives, in praciical wrilin.', the key to all comb 

,11 letters. The various scales of writing required in hook-keepin^t businei 

I published on this Ruler, makes it invaluable to cullege-sluilenl 


and improvfd penholder enables one to write on the points of llie pen. in 
as with the ordinary straight penliolder. The result is at once apparent 
d ease and siiioolliness in the work of writing. By the use of this hohli 
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Entered at the Post Ofice of New Torle, N. F., (w gecond-clatt matter. 


Vol. VI.— No. 12. 

Lessons in Practical Writing. 

No. VIJ. 

By Henry C. Spencer. 

Copyrighted, December. 1883, by Spenwr Bro«iBr». 

The desigD of tbis lesson is to teach the 
Ufi-er Extended Looi' Letters, A, k, 
I aud h. Theae depend chietiy upoD the 
exieaded loop, or foorth principle, for their 
formatiou. Their higlit, in medium hand, 
is three times the hight of the small t, or 
i of an inch. In-writiug on medium-ruled 
paper, which is ^ of an inch between lines, 
the tops of these looped letters will be i of 
an t-space from the ruled line above them. 
Their length gives them prominence in 
writing. They are to the short letters 
what the tall, trim poplars are to the 
smaller trees of the shady grove. 

The introdurtiou of extended letters in- 
creases somewhat the difficulty of writing 
through words without lifting the hand and 
pen; for, while the pen is passing to the 
top of a loop and returning to its base, there 
is a tendency to increase the pressure upon 
the third and fourth fingers, and thus ob- 
struct the progress of the hand across the 
pHUe. To overcome this t«adoncy, should 
— ntum^ ataady «■« *^ every wi^Mf. ^ 

lu the execution of the short and long 
letters, the movements hiivo two general di- 
rections: horizontally, along the ruled line — 
and obliquely, in relation to the ruled line. 
In both movements — the horizontal aud 
oblique — the arm, hand and fingers should 
co-operate ; but tlie action of the forearm 
needs, first, a separate consideration aud 
training. For lliis purjjose, assume the cor- 
rect writing position, and project your hand 
forward by the action of the arm, as far as 
yon can— then let it recede. Observe, as 
you do this, how the wrist moves in and out 
of your sleeve. Ni>w you understand the 
It may be efi'ectively trained by 
which brother Harvey A. Spencer 
terms " Over- action," and which may be 
practiced as follows: Assume the writing 
posiiion, without ink in pen; repeat the pro- 
jective and recetliug movement of the fore- 
arm and hand, as if you were repeating a 
long, oblique, straight stroke; at first, 
move deliberately, then increase the rapidity 
of action until a speed is obtained that will 
make the hand appear almost double, then 
gradually diminish the speed until the move- 
ment accords with ordinary counting. 

This mode of training also applies ad- 
mirably to horizontal and oval forearm 
movements whenever desired. 

We have said the arm, hand and fingers 
should co-operate. Thus we have the 

MiSEDOR Compound Movement, which 
is well described in the old Spencerian Com- 
pendium of I85y, as *' A simultaneous action 
of the forearm, thumb and fingers; or pro- 
truding and receding movement of the arm, 
attended by the thumb and linger extension 
and contraction, which movement, practiced 
with sleight, produces the extended letters 
most beantifully." Now, see 

Copy J, leading otf with principles 1, 2, 
3, 4, the constituent parts of all the small 
letters. These are followed by a movement 
exercise requiring repetition of strokes. It 
•himld fir*"! bp traced, then executed with 

lP-0 Prms.1.2.3 4&E3aiXopp ibiercise 

2^C The Upper-loop letters . Study i^i 

^^■^ L 

E*^C "Word pracaoo. Mind, loop crossings. ftjomlngs of Qj 

ink, employing compound movement, regu- 
lated by counting. Next we have the 
double loop to be practiced in the same 
manner. These are followed by tbc com- 
binations »)f t^& with double loops, first to 
be traced and then written, with the arm 
and baud so balanced that each combina- 
tion shall be completed without lifting the 

Copy 2 : To overcome the tendency to 
slope the looped letters too much, rule slant- 
ing guide-lines upon your page. Observe 
how a portion of n applies in finishing k ; 
how the same form is made ^ space higher, 
and modified to finish k : also bow i forms 
the lower third of I, and the last three 
strokes of V apply in b. Thus, short letters 
studied and practiced in previous lessons, 
become important aids in torming the ex- 
tended letters in this lesson. 

The extended loop so prominent in all 
the loug letters, is made by carrying the 
right curve up three spaces, by left turn de- 
scending with left ourve on main slant two 
spaces, and, crossing right curve, completing 
with straight line oh main slant to base. 
Width of loop, i space ; length of loop, 
from top to crospiug, two spaces ; distance 
between iiegiuning point and base of 
straight line, uuo space. 

The crossing ot the loop, in these letters, 
must always \w. at one-third hight of letter 
above base, and the stroke from crossing to 
base must be a straight line on main slant. 
In these two particulars, criticise your loops 

Observe that the h has a slight shade on 
its fourth Btrokp, the A: on its fifth stroke, I 

on the lower third of its second stroke, and 
b on the tower third of its second stroke- 

Copy 3 introduces words which give 
practice on the letters which have been 
separately studied and written. 

Observe the bight of t and d, relative to 
the loops of h, k and /. Be careful, in ih, to 
make turn narrow at base of i, and line con- 
necting t and /* but sliyhthj curved. Pre- 
serve etpial spacing between letters in the 
words ; make turns short aud slant uniform. 
Be careful to give correct forui and connec- 
tion to finish of /j, cross of t, and dot of t. 

Copy 4. Observe joining oih io o and o 
to »( ; also, b to a. In joining b and «, ob- 
serve how the curve from /) sinks d()wn a 
half space to acconmiodale the form of s. 

Practice other words containing the let- 
ters taught in this lesson, aud let some of 
them combine, also, semi-extended letters 
from the last lesson. 

We give a few words for practice, desiring 
the learner to think of others and write 
them. Write, with a free, uniform move- 
ment, the following; hope, fu>ped, milk, 
milked, bill, billion, thump, thumped, Halle, 
liabilities, equate, equation, mill, million. 
In writing tl, shade the first and leave the 
second light. 

Rapidity of Execution.— Prom twen- 
ty to thirty words per minute is considered 
a fair rate of speed in writing. The ability 
to write rapidly, and at the same time main- 
tain the proper forms an.l spaciuirs of lettera, 
can he secured by special practice with that 

Select a word or a series of words that 
you can write well, when writing at a mod- 

erate rate of speed, and, with a time-piece 
before you, note the number of times you 
write them without effort to quicken your 
strokes ; next, write the same words some- 
what faster, counting and noting the in- 
cre^e in ilumber per minute ; then still 
faster, counting at the end of each minute; 
then faster and faster, and faster, and laster, 
until you reach the highest rate of speed of 
which you are capable, at the time, without 
material loss in the form, connection and 
arrangement of the writing. 

This kind of practice never fails to secure 
marked progress in rapidity of writing. 

In concluding this lesson, for the benefit 
■of our pupils, we quote from our father, 
Piatt R. Spencer: 

"When all the movements are practiced 
fully and systematically, all the muscles, 
from the shoulder downwards, develop them- 
selves rapidly, aud power is gained over the 
pen to bring forth the adopted imagery of 
the mind in all the grace and elegance tha,t 
spring from just proportions and easy ex- 

Practice, to be sure, is indispensable in 
bringing to perfecti<!)n any art, science or 

The pupil must not expect to be able at 
once to execute what he fully comprehends. 
Patience and energy are required to attain 
a thorough and perfect command of hand. 
There is no royal road by which idleness 
and indiflerence may find their way to a 
goal which is only to be reached by diligent 
and well directed application. The only 
process really short, is such as is made so, 
by commencing iu a right manner from the 
outset, securing the advantage of an experi- 
enced teacher till the object is accomplished. 
And when the object is accomplished, how 
beautiful and imposing are the sp'ecimeus of 
art which the proficient is able to produce ! 
The eye glances along the well written 
page with as much pleasure as it rests on a 
beauiiful grove, when nature and art have 
unitedly tasked themselves to blend the 
greatest variety with the utmost symmetry. 
And as we travel through the rich scenery, 
from whose depths breathe out the sympathy 
of soul, the spirit of inquiry, and the voice 
of love and friendship, we spontaneouly ex- 

Grbetings.— A merry Christmas, and a 

prosperous, glad New Year, to our friends 

pupils, through the Penman'.' 


H. C. S. 

Not Responsible. 

It should be distinctly understood that 
the editors of the Journal are ujt to be 
held as indorsing anything out^side of Its 
editorial columns; all communications not 
■ ibjectionablo in their character, nor devoid 
of interest or merit, are received and pub- 
lished; if any person differs, the columns 
are equally open to bim to say so aud tell 

Vu I .Jori{\Ai. 

A Story of Two Christmas Days. 
Br Mary E. SIartix. 

It was early Christmas morning. A very 
bright fire orackled upon the heartli of Mrs. 
Gary's pleasant diuing-runm. As she came 
in from the kitchen, to lay the cloth for 
breakfast, another door opened, and a boy 
of twelve entered. 

"Ah.Windoui! You are late this morn- 
ing. I thought yon would have been up 
before anyone t 
brought you," s; 
seated before th 

what made mo sleep t 
lugb to know 

ee what St. Nicholas had 
a young man of eighteen, 

"I don't kn 
late, for I am 
aaid the lad. 

" Well, Windom," said his mother, " you 
are quite a baby, still to be longing for yonr 
gifU to come from St. Nicholas." 

The boy readied up to take his well- 
filled packages from the ride of the fire- 
place, when his eye was caught, and he 
was held entranced, by the picture out of 
doora, as he saw it through the half-glass 
door that led iuto the aide yard. ' 'Oh, mother 
dear, why did you not tell me it had 
snowed ! " His Christmas presents were 
forgotten, and be stood, eagerly taking in 
the picture. It was a fairy scene : ground 
and housetop were thickly covered with 
id just in front 

e tlie trees i 

of the door, whe: 
way, the snow 

such beauty that the child cried 
out: "Oh, see, brother!" and 
Richard Gary came from the 
fire aud stood by the side of his 
brother and said: "Mother, I 
often think, when I see snow 
wreathe the earth like this, that 
it must be a mirror of heaven — 
it is so pure. When I die, I 
hope it may bo on a day hke 

" Hush ! my son ; don't speak 
of dying on this day— the mer- 
riest in the year. Come : break- 
fast is waiting." 

They turned, and sat down 
to a bouniitul breakfast j for, if 
Mrs. Gary usually had to use 
economy, it was with a lavish 
band, this morning, that she 
had filled her table. 

" If I did not forget my 
Christmas presents!" exclaimed 
Windom, pushing back his 
chair, and briogiug the pack- 
ages to the table. " How de- 
lighted I am!" and he dis- 
played material of all kinds 
that could be used in writing. 
"Now I can improve in my ^ 
Baid, as he held up 
mens of handwriiiug 
cabinets, and boxes 
Oh, mother dear, y. 

not have pleased me more than in giving 
me this ! " and looking again into the box : 
"Here are so many quires of paper that I 
may practice as much as I wish." 

" You write much better than I do now," 
said his brother. " I hope you will be a 

The breakfast was over, and the two 
brothers bade their mother a gay good-by, 
and went out for a short walk. They had 
gone only a few squares, and were chatting 
gayly, when, in crossing a street, they met 
a gambler, well known in the town. He 
was going home, after a night's carousal. 
Ho drew his pistol, and fired at random. 
The shot fired at random went straight to 
the heart of Richard Gary. Ho ffll, with- 
out a word, on the snow that he bad wished 

that morning might some day cover him 

his life's blood ebbiug out, and tinging the 
white snow around him. Windom Gary 
turned with a look of hate to the gambler 
but realizing how helpless be was to avenge 
hia brother's death, he said : " The day will 
come when I will avenge my brother's death." 

Richard Gary's death threw Windom and 
hU mother entirely on their own resources 
for & livelihood. 

Reader! if, with a lavish hand, some fond 
parent bestows upon you princely advan- 
tages; if your shelves are filled with valu- 
able books; if your pockets hold more than 
the necessary spending-monoy ; then, to ap- 
preciate these gifts, come and look with me 
into the jdainly furnished room where this 
boy sits, six years after he helped to carry 
home his dead brother on that Christmas 
morning. He sits, wearied, but unbending ; 
he is pondering over the future — planning 
how he shall keep his mother from all want. 
She has burned the midnight lamp for many 
a mouth, in their first struggle with poverty; 
but that time has gone by now. 

By diligent and studious practice,the young 
boy had come to write a rapid and elegant 
hand. His fine penmanship enabled bira to 
secure a clerkship that men of middle ago 
would have been glad to have filled. This, 
alone, did not satisfy him ; but every even- 
ing found him doing extra work, often with 
open ledger before him, or in copying — any- 
tliing, everything — that would add to his 
salary. As the years went on, Mrs. Gary's 
health grew more and more feeble ; and 
when Windom Gary was twenty -four, he 
laid his mother in the grave. Nearly her 
last words were : " Windom, give up the 
idea of avenging your brother's death. 
* Vengeance is mine, and I will repay, saith 
the Lord.' " 

worid— I sliall find that gambler— and I can- 
not give up the idea of avenging my brother's 

In a week, Windom Gary sailed, with the 
minister, for Europe, and began his duties, 
and for four years went on with them at the 
Court of . It was at a ball on the con- 
tinent that Windom Gary, much improved 
since we last saw him, stood leaning near a 
doorway, watching the gay throng within. 
He is a rich man now: his kind employer, 
Mr. Bancroft, died within the last year, and, 
having no relative, made Windom Gary his 


I is that queenly-looking lady," said 
Gary to a gontleman standing near 

'* Ah ! I am not astonished that you ask. 
Society is mad over her beauty, and well 
they may be. The lady is Miss Mabel 
Farrar, and, by the way, a countrywoman 
of yours, but has lived abroad for some 
years. She is here with an aunt. I will 
introduce you if you wish." 

As they approached nearer,Windom Gary 
noticed the lady more closely: she was of rare 
beauty, tall and statuesque in appearance. 
Windom Gary knew, from the first moment 
he saw her, that he had met his fate. He 
asked for her hand lor the next dance. The 
band struck up, and they wore soon gliding 
through the dizzy mazes of the dance. 

" Has my great love for you no reason to 
ask why it should be thrown aside f" 

" I have every right to think you have 
been indifferent to me ; but try as I would, 
you baffled every attempt 1 would make to 
speak to you about it. It is a mystery that 
I cannot understand. You may regret that 
you have forced mo to tell you, Mr. Gary, 
and may wish to withdraw the offer." 

" You choose to talk in riddles, Miss 
Farrar; what could make me wish that you 
should not be my wife f " 

She raised her eyes to his, and said, in a 
low but distinct voice: "Mr. Gary, / am 
the daughter of the man who shot your 

She had arisen as she spoke, and the June 
moonlight streamed over her. He could sec 
what an effort it had cost her to speak. 
Windom Gary staggered back, and leaned^ 
for a moment, against the railing of th© 
steps. "Great Heavens," he said, "must 
that man rob me of everything. He killed 
my brother ; he put my mother into an early 


" You wrong iny father, Mr. Gary. Do 
you think I would marry any man who 
would feel so towards him. My father died 
four years ago ; he was a changed being, 
from the momeut he shot your brother that 
Christmas morning. It was an accident; 
but it brought my father to see the life he 

The above cut wm photo-engraved fi 

iginal fiourith by W. It. Lackland, Detroit, Mich. 

ne very fine speci- 
Hert are two ink- 
pens of the best, 
and Richard could 

A few months after his mother's death, 
the senior partner of the house in which 
Windom Gary held his clerkship sent for 

! to hi 

, for 

tered, Mr. Bancroft 
said : " Mr. Gary, I think I have some good 
news for you. My friend, Mr, Chilton, has 
been appointed minister to " 

"Yes; I had just beard that, Mr. Ban- 
croft, and felt glad of the appointment." 

" But," said his employer, " he is looking 
for a secretary, and wishes one of superior 
penmanship. I took the liberty of recom- 
mending you. I told him there could 
scarcely he a finer penman than you were. 
The position has many advantages for a 
young man, and I would not hesitate about 
accepting it. Mr. Clifton will be hero in a 
few moments — this is why I sent for you." 

The new minister came, and after an in- 
troduction to young Gary, immediately 
stated his business. The terms were such 
that Windom Gary accepted at once, and in 
a week they were to cross the ocean. As 
Wiudom Gary went hack to his desk, with 
his heart full of gratitude to his employer, 
he mentally ran on with his head leaning 
upon his arm : " There is nothing to hinder 
my success now : every obstacle is slipping 
away from my path; every day brings me 
nearer the object I have had in view for 
years. Once let me be an entirely success- 
ful man — and if living in any part of the 

Windom Gary, whispering graceful, fasci- 
nating nothings, as they kept time to the 
music, but fervently determined to know 
more of this beautiful woman. Time and 
fate gave him every opportunity, and before 
a year was over, Windom Gary knew life 
would be a blank without her. It was on 
the balcony of her aunt's villa, a little way 
out of the city, that he determined to know 
his fate. They were sitting on the steps. A 
June moon was shimmering her rays upon 
them. Windom Gary fixed his eyes upon 
his companion, and said: "Do you know 
why I have sought you hero to - night, 
Mabel Farrar!" 

"Is it anything you wish me to know, 
Mr. Gary f " 

"Yes, and you shall know; you have put 
me aside often enough. I came here to-night, 
overmastered by my own feelings; and you 
must let mo tell you that I love you— that 
I long for you to be my wife." 

In his earnestness he had arisen and 
awaited her answer. Mabel Farrar dared 
not meet his oy, but shaded her face with 
her hand as she spoke. 

" You do me great honor, Mr. Gary, 
but it cau never be. I cannot marry 

1 for your r 

Mr. Gary*" 

with most 
quiet 8tilin( 
containing i 
to the cnu: 
Mabol Farn 

from the cai 
of Windom 
sweet odor 

the act finally killed him. You 
see I have suffered as well as 

"Is that all that separates 
us, Mabel?" he asked, and he 
fixed his dark pi.rcing eyes 
upon her. '' If that is all, come 
to me," and he opened his arms 
to her; she hesitated just a 
moment — then glided into 
them. As he pressed kiss after 
kiss upon her lovely lips, he 
whispered: "I let my fancied 
wrongs make me forget that 
on that day ' He came to bring 
good will towards men.' " You 
httvo given me a love that will 
fill the place of a brother and 

In the Fall, Mabel and her 
aunt went back to their home 
in America. Windom Gary 
soon joired ihem. When the 
next Christmas morning came, 
tho snow wreathed the treetops 
again; housetop and ground 
wore a mantle of white. The 
air was of a certain halminess, 
unlike the air-blasts that go 

iss on everything, as carriages, 
I few friends, wended their way 
xh where Windum Gary and 
vr were to be married before the 
Mabel Farrar stopped 
'tage, and leaning upon tho arm 
Gary, entered the church. A 
met them as they entered the 

church — tho odor of the cedar, for the church 
was richly trimmed, for this Christmas fes- 
tival, with holly and cedar. Rare Uowers 
were on the altar, and grouped about the 
chancel. Windom Gary pressed Mabel's 
hand, as their oyes caught the inscription 
above the church — it was : "Peace on earth, 
and good will towards men." 

. A picturesque elevation : a little out on 
the suburbs — away irom the noise of the 
city — Nature had curtained it to-day, on 
tree and foliage, with a fleecy beauty that 
art could not imitate, A river near, that 
usually brawled over rocks, or, iu the dis- 
tance swept away, till it looked like a ser- 
pentine ribbon. To-day it was locked fast 
iu icy arms. This was the scene presented 
before the newly-married wife of Windom 
Gary, as she stepped from the carriage at 
her own door, in tho early morning after 
their marriage. " Welcome home," said 
Windom Gary, as he handed her up the 
slops of their beautiful home. Mabel's aunt 

Ah J .lOlIHNAI. 

hud UHirriiurcil greatly that slie would do 
such au iinfashiouable lliiug as to only Iiavo 
licr liushaud at tho wedding breakfast. 
Mabol knew slie was right, as they stood 
together in their handsome broakfast-room. 
That Christiniis morning, 50 long ago, 
came up vividly before Windom Gary now, 
as he stood, for tho first time, for so many 
years, in a home of his own. There was a 
piptiiro iu his mind of the plain liitle home; 
of his brother seated before the fire; of his 
mother, (luietly moviug about tho room, 
giving a toueh here and there iu arranging 
the table; of his boyish love of nature's 
beauty that made him even forget his 
Christinas presents. All this he saw as he 
gazed into the fire, and romained'so long 
silent that Mabel playfully tapped bis fore- 
head, and said, " Open sesame, and tell mc 
your thoughts." 

Ho put bis arm gently around her, and 
drew her to the bay window, where she 
could see the same beautiful picture that the 
undivided family gazed upon just before bis 
brother's death. Ho told her the whole 
story, and, opening a handsome desk, he 
drew out the packages that were given him 
that Christmas morning. They showed 
much use, hut "Mabel,"' he said, "this 
material for writing was tho foundation for 
all my success. If it had not been for my 
good penmanship I might never have met 
you. We will always keep these." 

Lesson V. 

Box and Package Marking. 

By D. T.Ames. 

In giving the present and last lesson in 
box-marking, we have little to offer addi- 
tional to what has already been said. We 
shall, therefore, contine oursflves chiefly to 
a review and to tlie giving of a few general 

The ability lo make good letters rapidly 
is scarcely less essential to good hox-mark- 
ing than is a correct taste and judgment re- 
specting the arrangement, proportion and 
style of lettering to be used for the various 
]>urposes of marking. Some of the essen- 
tials of good uiarkiug ave,Jir$t, well-formed 
and easily constructed letters; second, cor- 
rect relative proportions and spaciug; third, 
proper margins. AU doubtful or nmbiguous 
forms for letters should bo carefully avoided. 

Lelteriug should be graded, as to size aud 
strength, according to its relative import- 
ance. With the carrier of a package the 
first inquiry is as to its place of destination ; 
next, its route; and, lastly, the party to 
whom it is to bo delivered. With these 
facts in view let us suppose that we desire 
to arrange the following matter in the 
proper form and stjle of marking on a 
package : " To Manning &l Stewart, San 
Francisco, Cal. ; via Merchants' Dispatch. 
From Penman's Art Journal, Now York. 
No. (if package, 1(179."' The arrangement 
would be as per illustration. 

In conclusion, we would urge the import- 
ance to all classes of persons of being able 
to mark a package in a legible aud tasty 
manner, and especially to young persons 
who are seeking positions as clerks in any 
line of business. 

Attention as an Element of 


By Fred. F. Judd. 

This subject presented itself as I mused 
over tho fact that so many, in this busy 
world of ours, are either tmueccssarily illi- 
terate, physically impotent, exceedingly un- 
busiuess-like, morally decrepit or spiritually 
bankrupt; and that, perhaps, a few words 
might help some oue to gain another round 
of the ladder which reaches toward perfec- 
tion. Should it do 80, I will feel amply 

To him who seelts Knowledge, a wide 
field is opened ; but she informs everyone 
who enters, that, in return for this priceless 
boon, he must either give years of valuable 
time and attention, or never be tho happy 

possessor. The student who, day after 
day, enters his classes, unprepared for tho 
work assigned, and has to be repeatedly 
asked to pay attention, is in the certain way 
of failure. 

Occasionally, students get the idea that 
to be a second Horace Greeley or Rufus 
Choate, they must write a ridiculously strag- 
gling hand, which no one can read. When- 
ever I find one answering tho above descrip- 
tion, I feel like reciting, for his benefit, the 
following short paragraph from Burdette: 
" Don't write too plainly. It is a sign of 
plebeian origin and public school breeding. 
Poor writing is an indication of genius. It's 
about the only indication of genius that a 
great many meu possess." I believe that 
anyone, not physically deformed, can, by 
careful attention and systematic practice, 
perfect his penmanship, so that it will not 
ho particularly obnoxious to tho sight, or 
annoy aud disgust the reader with its illogi- 
blo and inexcusable scrawls. Lord Pal- 
raerston once said : " People have no busi- 

of mine." The elements which are usually 
lacking to make one a good writer are, at- 
tentiveness aud stick-to- itiveness, without 
which no one may expect to rise above the 
scrawls of bis early years. 

Careful attention to our books is often as 
beneficial as a teacher's help; and even more 
so, in some cases, for wo thus gain self- 
reliance. When we devote days, months, 
and, perhaps, years of study and thought to 
a subject, we almost unconsciously gain in 

in intellect, but his deeds will be the deeds 
of a dwarf." We can but pity tho man or 
woman who has sacrificed health for a little 
brain power, when in most cases both might 
have been developed, and thus have enjoyed 
an enlarged success and prolonged life. 

Who would not rather see the young man 
with a common school-education and of 
good physical development than the returned 
collegian with eye-glasses, consumptive, dys- 
peptic — an irresolute wreck upon the very 
threshold of life? For the first, there is 
some prospect, through bis stock of physical 
energy, of his ascending fortune's ladder; 
but for the second, there can be nothing but 
disastrous failure. 

The young man or woman possessed of 
brilliant attainments, acquired at tho ex- 
pense of, or without care for, bodily vigor 
and strength, to carry on tho life-work, is 
like a worn-ont or defective locomotive, 
which, though under the full pressure of 
steam, responds in feeble action, and is at 
any moment liable to go to pieces in a 
wreck, from the undue pressure upon its 
rusty, worn and impaired structure. 

In art, the child, perhaps unconsciously, 
devotes hours to makiug a picture of a pet 
dog, or, like West, bends over a younger 
brother's crib and tries to transfer to paper 
the form sleeping there. There would be 
more successes and fewer failures if we 
could enter as heartily upon our work aa 
does the child on his. I believe there are 
many young artists who fail, through la':k 
of care in their work, and, not appreciatiog 

discipline of the mind what cannot be 
otherwise acquired. It is this discipline 
which often helps the ordinary man to cope 
successfully with his more brilliant but less 
persistent competitor. Walt, the inventor, 
used to move into his garret and remain 
there secluded for days at a time, preparing 
his own meals rather than suffer intrusiou 
upon his all-absorbing inventive operations. 
As the student, in time, generally occupies 
the position of teacher, he sees more clearly 
the importance of careful thought and thor- 
ough preparation of the subject in h^nd. 
All the teacher can do for the pupil is, to 
endeavor to awaken and call into full action 
all his latent powers, inspiring him with a 
love for knowledge which will ever urge 
him onward to more thorough and extended 
realms of thought and investigation. 

It is told of Sir Isaac Newton that he used 
frequently to become so absorbed in mathe- 
matical calculations as to require a violent 
shaking to divert his attention ; and of 
Nup<ileon, that prince of generals, that he 
could BO command his attention to several 
different subjects in such quick alternation 
as to he able to dictate dispatches to three 
secretaries at once, while he himself penned 
a fourth ; and the learned Dr. Johnson re- 
solves genius into tho power of attention. 

Aud while we are studying for mental im- 
provement we must not forget that physical \ 

Matthews makes this statement : '■ Health is ' 
a large iugrcdieui in what the woHd calls 1 
aleut. A man without it may be a giant ] 

the cause, coniinually grumble because the 
world does not recognize and patronize 
their skill. 

Agassiz attained bis gro«t eminence by 
attention lo the smallest details. A single 
glance at the drawing of a fish by an artist 
called forth the remark: " It is a beautiful 
drawing, but dun't you see, you have left out 
two or three of the scales ! " And in poli- 
tics much depends upon care and continued 
application to insure success. Gen. Gar- 
field, the acknowledged leader of the House, 
during his stay in Congress, was thorough 
in his preparation for debate — becoming 
conversant with the inns and outs of finan- 
cial questions, and was always prepared, as 
he termed it, ** To measure lances with any 

The book-keeper who laboriously enters 
on his books the transactions of the day, 
and spends long evenings posting to his 
ledger, knows full well the value of the 
utmost care in Ins work, and that the 
slightest error may occasion days and weeks 
of fruitless searching before the mistake is 
discovered. His is a calling in which the 
necessary qualifications are, a clear h«ad, 
persistent attention, and good habils. The 
ability to add up long columns of figures 
quickly and accurately is the result of rigid 
discipline; and any one who has not acted 
in thfi capacity of an accountant has scarcely 
an idea of the liability lo error. 

The banker is an indispensable feature in 
the business world, negotiating loans, facili- 
tating the transfer of funds from one place 

to another, as well as providing a place for 
safe-deposit of money aud valuables, and 
should bo a man of scrupulous care and 

To succeed in business, one needs every 
faculty brought to bear with full force on 
his Work ; for there aro times in every 
man's life when a moment is of more im- 
portance than hours as they determine the 
issue of a life's work. The majority of men 
who occupy prominent positions, in any de- 
partment of life, can look back and recall 

The issues of a lifetime often depend on 
a single move. For this reason, if no other, 
the young man should cultivate the power 
of concentration, so as to bo able to throw 
his whole power into tho solution of any 
great practical problem of life. 

That prince of American inventors, Edi- 
son, in his laboratitry is an indefatigable 
worker, and pays the closest attention to 
the experiments performed under his super- 

AVc all have characters to mold and repu- 
tations to make, and, iu our every-day in- 
tercourse with others, we are not only help- 
ing to share our own, bnl the character of 
others, for better or worse. Meredith tells 

And all Ufa not ba purer aud slronger thereby." 

Hence, a manly, vigorous self-denial ie ex- 
acted of everyone, and strict attention to the 
removal of all that could in any manner in- 
jure others. Our associates, as well as our 
books, should be such as will aid us to 
make strong the barriers against evil influ- 
ences which sweep so many to moral disaster. 
Character is like a boat starting on a devious 
route down the river Time : the journey 
may be long, or short, but our boat must be 
staunch and strong to avoid the shoals of 
temptation and weather the storms of life. 
The building of this character demands onr 
constant attention, for all are their own ar- 
chitects; no one can build for the other; 
or, as Longfellow writes. 

Of course, kind friends will entreat UB and 
ofl'er advice, which we may accept, or re- 
ject, at our option ; but still the fact remains 
that the erection of this structure must be 
by our own efi'or'. We may get our ma- 
terial from where wo will, and, after trying 
any portion, reject or use them as seems to 
us best. We may thus rear au edifice grand 
and glorious, or one unsightly and mean. 

In conclusion, I would not for a moment 
presume all, by caro and attention, could 
clitnb the political bights surmounted by 
Garfield and Thiers; or attain the promi- 
nence of West or Beard in art; or of Edison, 
Watt, or Agassiz, in science ; of Howard or 
Greeley in philanthropy ; or of Vanderbilt 
or Gould iu the money world ; but I would 
like to drive this thought home : that, if we 
desire to win success — financially, morally, 
or otherwise, — we should not forget (or a 
moment that the closest attention is neces- 
sary for developing, strengthening and en- 
nobling worthy attributes of our mental or 
physical natures. 

The Importance of Drill. 
By W. P. Cooper. 

I said, in another article, that Americans 
generally have little or no faith in drill. I 
said more : that teachers generally have no 
real faith in drill. I am brought to this 
conclusion by my experience in teaching. 
A class will drill under the eye of a master 
and close discipline. Tho rule above needs 
qualiBcation. There aro among those of 
both sexes, in the matter of falling-off from 
drill, honorable and wise exceptions. 

Tho best pupil is one who will write an 
exercise courageously until it is changed. 
Understand, I do not mean, by drill, practice 
solely with an eye to getting form ; I have 
most particular reference to that class of 
practice called " drill e 

A drill succcBsfol in eecnring fine progress 
begets confideDce' in' drill; but away from 
class, the student falls back on scribbling or 
focm. The object of pen-drill is, first, to 
reach, and then to fix, the habit of produc- 
ing, without eflbrt, the forms in flourishing 
or writing. 

We propose, if we can, to show, ilearly 
enough to convince, any fair person — philos- 
ophically, mechanically, and logically — ex- 
actly what the drill will do; and then, what 
law of after- practice will hold the fruit or 
benefits of the drill. 

The writer now writes for a part at least 
of the host who read the Journal who do 
decide to master penmanship, hut whose 
lack of knowledge continually forces them 
upon difficulties tbey cannot overcome. 
They possibly have the desired information, 
but fail to select the right hint, and are not 
certain of right application. 

We ought to understand what "drill- 
master" means, in this country, by this 
time. We have music and dancing masters, 
for instance. The first law of the Hall of 
Drill is obedience; the next, faith; next, 
resolution; the next, unflagging attention; 
the last, work — the end of labor — is perfec- 
tion. Understand, there is teaching by 
drill, and teaching not by driU. 

We know that the various cumpendiums 
claim to make writers without a master. 
But progress, under a good master, is as 
three to one without one. But through the 
Journal you can get about one-half of the 
advantages of a master's real presence; and 
that amount of help will pay — always, also. 
You will here recollect that Mr. Ames and 
Mr. Kelley explained to you — and Mr. 
Spencer will explain if be has not — by the 
aid of rules and diagrams, the structure of all 
writing (letters large and small). You have 
trained the eye to catch and to hold the pic- 
ture of each letter — that is, we presume "upon 
this. You recollect that we said artists were 
hard lookers. Well, we shall aow believe 
and take it for granted that you, too, are a 
hard looker, and have thoroughly studied 

Shall we now try a drill, and what shall 
it be? We wUl say the stem, and, perhaps, 
some stem capitals — say A, M, N. The 
first thing is, position. The masters men- 
tioned have given you position, and illus- 
trated it. Have yon tried position t Let 
us have square front and sitting position. 
You also have the pen rightly in hand; 
study again the diagrams; hold the pen 
firmly, easily, fearlessly. Movement de- 
cided upon muscular, with a shade of finger, 
movement. {Movements are nearly always 
mixed, more or less.) 

Let me here, for the student's benefit, an- 
swer this question : What peculiar advan- 
tage are we to expect from employing mus- 
cular movement for capitals? Is it the best 
movement for common use f It has peculiar 
advantages, and is the best movement for 
common or continuous use. 

Mr. P. R. Spencer often said he did not 
believe that, generally, writers could, by any 
amount of drill, produce, rapidly and hand- 
somely, small muscular-movement capitals. 
But there are hundreds to-day who know 
it is both possible and practicable, and 
every way better for this purpose than any 

Ist. You can thus make three capitals to 
one with finger- movement. 2d. You can hit 
the line every time, which but fc 
sibly do with wholearm inovei 
Y<m can as easily with this 
duce the smallest size ladies' capitals as any 
other. 4th. The direct oval can be con- 
quered with this movement, by correct drill 
persevered in. 5th. 2-inch capitals can bo 
produced easily enough with this movement. 

But one word of qualification is here 
proper. The movement is not purely a 
hand-and-wrist movement: it is mixed with 
a shade of finger movement. It does not 
require any mixture of wholearm with it, 
however. The arm rests, not heavily, but 
lightly, a little below the elbow. (See Oc- 
tober diagram.) The wrist must be carried 
II). from the paper; the pen sbonld be held 

1 pOB- 

> 7iuiy seek to projU hy the suggestions of Mr. Cooper respecting drill, 
-t the above Alphabet of Standard Cajiitals. 

in the usual i 
numbers) ; t 

1 othe 

ner (see diagrams 
third finger touches and 
glides on or over the paper ; the hand, the 
fingers and the wrist are all used together. 

. Suppose you are now in position and try 
the stem, a compound curve and oval. 

Study copy, and try a line, with a slow, 
fearless movement — not quite as slow as 
finger movement. Repeat the line ten 
times; then increase the speed of motion a 
little, say one-half. Study up your stems 
made, and see if you have the position. 
(We mean by position the slant of the 
characters.) Try them at first rather light, 
with more and more shade until you shade 
the base heavily — that is, if your pen will 
produce the shade. Try twelve lines in 
this way, and then try the slow and accel- 
erated movement on the lines successively. 
Now, try two slopes : the last, 45 de- 
grees, which is very slanting. Then, go 
back to 50-52 degrees of slope. You are 
now to try : A, and N, perhaps, ten lines; 
produce three lines of A ; then, compare 
your three lines with your model — compare 
shape and slant. Remember, 45 degrees of 
slope is an inclination of half way to the 
horizontal line, and 52 degrees more nearly 
approaches a vertical direction. 

You will see, by carefully examining the 
fuU set of capitals, that fourteen or fifteen 
may be produced with the stem. When too 
weary to drill fuither to advantage — stop. 

Drill No. 2 may begin with N. 

Produce three lines of sterna and three of 
N. Move the pen strongly, hopefully, 
fearlessly. Work from twelve to fifteen 

Then try M. At 5rst, very carefully; 
after three lines, compare your letters with 
the copy. Shade the stems lightly, then 
heavily. Carefully inspect the structure of 
the second and third partofJJf; one shade 
is sufficient. 

3d Stem Drill. Practice stems with 
double-coils in the base : then, try T and F. 
Consult the form of the cap and the way it 
is placed in the diagram. 

Try Drill No. 4 of stem capitals. 

Perhaps you are bothered with tremor of 
the hand. Muscular movement practice 
will cure this. It may be that the baud 
jerts and will not obey the will. Rest your 
hand often ; write in a cool place ; move on 
forms slower; never mind failures; alter- 
nate, slow, fast, faster. 

4th or 5th DriU. Try I and G— never 
mind J at present. 

Introduce one or two new capitals in each 
drill uatil through with the stem capitals — 
repeating in each driU those already tried. 
Do no careless work in this business; save 
your practice for reference. 

You are to either stick to this drill, or 
else return to it soon — resting-off on other 
practice until you are sure, or nearly sure, 
of producing the whole set, time after time. 

You have now tried twelve or fourteen 
letters with drill. Oq the whole, you have 
failed, and you are discouraged. You are, 
we presume, unaided by a miiater, and you 
are not certain that you quite understand 
the ejcplanotions. 

First How about the stem? are you 
sure that you give these slope enough? 
say, yours have 50 degrees: try it again, 
45 degrees slope; now, come up to 52 de- 
grees of slope ; try two or three slopes at 
least. But you say your pen is riexible 
enough, but will not produce shade. How 
is this? Do you press both nibs alike! 
Perhaps you write with the edge of your 
pen and left nib. Suppose you incline the 
holder more — giving it more slope. Now, 
produce three lines light, semi-light, and 
three heavy. Lay on; try it again; give 
us another drill on ^, N, M. Now repeat : 
first, inch — then, half-inch — capitals. Now, 
try the whole half-set once more. 

You now observe that if you produce a 
line of one sort only, you succeed ; but by 
following each letter with new characteris- 
tics you strike the whole wild. This is 

Then reproduce the half-set in this way : 
first. A, N, M; next. A, Ny M, T, F; 
next, repeat; add H and K; next, (? and 
I; again; and add T, and so on; close 
with .S*. I . 

The trouble springs from the fact that 
each characteristic is a change of movement. 

How is it about A and N you hit every 
time, but T and Fare failures? The cap 
cuts the stem ; yes, put it higher then, un- 
til you clear the stem. 

But you say the caps look stiff. Ah, my 
friend ! you must examine your diagram 
until, by bard looking, you see the exact 
fashion of the cai>. 

Now, drill on Tand F until you get the 
cap muscular movement. Remember: no 
odds how long it takes to work up these 
letters, it will pay. 

Why all this difficulty in acquiring capi- 
tals? You are at first a stranger to the 
pen ; you tell as that you are familiar with 
the pencil. Well; you must grow familiar 
with the pen by use — must take hold of it 
scientificiilly ; your fingers are all thumbs. 
At first you must familiarize the holding 
the pen lightly, by thus holding and using 
it a while. At fij^t, also, each movement is 
unnatural and strange ; you find the stem 
so hard. Work a few hours at the stem by 
drill, and the movement begins to feel nat- 
ural. Go on : your hand at first hates it ; 
your wrist hates it; hut, by reproducing, 
your hand, arm, and wrist come to like it. 
This ia a law of reproduction. After a 
while you will produce the character over 
and over with your eyes shut. Go on re- 
peating production, and by and by your 
hand and wrist will produce the character 
when you are asleep. 

Throw aside your pen for weeks, and 
one half hour's practice will restore the 
babit. Now, it happens that there is 
pleasure in indulging a habit ; and so, after 
a time, this labor — at first, misery — gets to 
be pleasure. This is one of tlie best things 
about the whole business of writing. 

A ilrill in writing is one thiug; a drill on 
capitals is another; figures, a third- 

We have, above, indicated a little of the 
philosophy of drill. Of course, there are 
other capitals based on other principles. 

Of these we may speak again. We, of 

nected. Of 
we shall say 

what we say will I 
hundreds of things in 

What I have last said may itself require 
explanation. We shall, in the matter of 
drill, say all that is proper to make you 
masters of thorough drill and practice belore 

All proper pen-drill is business, and 
business, in its demands upon attention, 
will, and ability, while in band, is inexor- 
able. What I am at — particularly in what 
I say — is, to help you and to persuade 
you to turn Professors Kelley, Ames, 
and Spencers teaching to use. The Amer- 
ican youths never had, and especially 
at so low a rate, a chance to seizure 
a first -rate rapid handwriting as Mr. 
Ames now gives. You have — hundreds 
have — bought these Journals and other 
works of kindred character, but you tamper 
with the whole matter of pen-practice; you 
do not even read the rules. Still you pro- 
fess to be pupils of these masters ; but, 
really, the truth is, you have as yet put 
neither mental study nor hand labor on the 
work. Loose work in music or art-prac- 
tice, by whomsoever commended, never has 
or will make anything more tha« a super- 
ficial workman or master. 

We hope to hear, in three months, that 
thousands are trying the efficacy of the 
lessons and the drill of the Journal, aud so 
report to headquarters. 


To BE Discussed through the_Column 

OF THE "Journal." 

By C. H. Peirce, Keokuk, Iowa. 

1. The Power of Position. 

2. Philosophical vs. Mathematical Criti 

3. Time, as Applied to Writing. 

4. Time for Writing vs. the Time fo 
Book-keeping In Business-Colleges. 

5. Teaching Power. 

6. Suitableness of the Professiou. 

7. When did you Learn to Write? 

8. Incorrect Penholding — the Causes am 


9. How every City over 10,000 Inhabi- 
tants can have a Special Teacher of Writ- 
ing, without Additional Cost. 

10. Business Figures. 

n. Condition of Class after Course of 
(12) Twelve or more Lessons from an Itin- 
erant Professor. 

12. How to Teach Figures and Secure 
the Greatest Developments. 

13. The Straight vs. the Oblique Pen- 

14. The Advantages of a Special Teacher 
of Penmanship in our City Schools. 

15. True Criticism. 

Send $1 Bills. 

We wish our patrons to hear in mind that 
in payment for subscriptions we do not de- 
sire postage-stamps, and that they should be 
sent only for fractional parts of a dollar. A 
dollar bill is much more convenient and safe 
to remit than the same amount in 1, 2 or 3 
cent stamps. The actual risk of remitting 
money is slight — if properly directed, not 
one miscarriage will occur in one thousaud. 
Inclose the bills, and where letters contain- 
ing money are sealed in presenc« of the 
postmaster we will assume all the risk. 

Xte small boy of a clergyman, in Port- 
land, Me., was detected, by his mother, in 
the act of ornamenting, with his jack-knife, 
a costly inlaid table by a deeply-cut carving 
of his ideal steamboat. A day or two after, 
the lady saw him from the do(»r, looking 
with admiring eyes at his partially com- 
pleted work, aud heard him sigh: "By 
George ! I wish I had got that smokestack 
<.n bt-fore nhe lick(^d me." -d 


Writing in Country Schools. 
Bt C. G. Pouter. 

While BO much is being done to improve 
the standard of writing among professional 
writfre and in bnBinees-colleges.what efforts 
arc being put forth to produce good writt-re 
in our public schools, especially the country 
schools f The people generally uiay be 
divided "iuto two classee, with respect to 
their views on the subject of }ieDinanship. 

First, those who make it a hobby ; and, 
second, those who take but little inte'-est in 

The first class would place writing as the 
first and foremost study to be pursued, 
fiither in the acquirement of a limited or 
liberal education ; the second class would 
consider it only as a secondary branch, and 
uuo upon which little time or study should 
be spent. 
. But few oi the first are to be found in our 

country schools, 

either as teachers 

or pupils. It is 

mark, among 
atudcuts in the 
common schools, 
and the idea is 
too frequently 
encouraged b y 
teachers "If I 

that it can l>e 
read, it is good 
..nough." Is not 

nieut of this idea 
by teachers due 

than in acquiring something new, or even in 
improving what has been acqaired. 

Then one thing to be done, in attempting 
to improve the writing in our common 
schools, is to endeavor to Impress those 
under whose supervision the schools are 
placed with the importance of the study, 
that they may demand a higher standard of 
attainment iu their teachers. We should 
also use the best means in onr power to ed- 
ucate the teachers in the sci* nee and art of 
good writing, and to show the patrons of 
schools generally that writing is just as 
important (though not more so) as any 
branch taught in the pubUc schools. 

It is Useless to Apply 

to us for specimens of our penmanship. Ap- 
plicants are so numerous and our time is su 
occupied, that it is impossible for us to com- 

the capitals will be poor ; if 
of the same is fair, your cap- 
itals will be fair; if good, the capitals will 
be good ; if excellent, the capitals will he 
excellent ; if superior, so with the capitals. 

The Philosophy of Motion may now be 
applied to the capital stem, with early pros- 
pects of gratifying results. Pass from this 
to the first part of S and K, standard 
forms. With but little choice in the selec- 
tion of letters of this group, proceed to pass 
each one, singly — leaving G until the last. 

If this is your first eff'ort at systematic 
practise, remember that to do fair is all that 
should be expected. 

You make your own disappointment if 
you endeavor to produce the very highest 
ideal before canvassing the field. 

I do not disregard lofty aJspirations, but I 
do raise my voire against a very, very com- 
mon and foolish opinion, viz., that excellent 

the shortest space of time, he must produce 
several more ext«nted movements that never, 
never fail to give increased power. Then 
take up the next group of capitals, and so 
OD, advancing as far as possible, and then 
returning for re-enforcemftnt which is always 
found in extended movements. The ridicu- 
lous, yet common, method of praeliaiug 
upon a chosen capital for hours at a time, 
without the proper preparation, is justly 
comparable to a child working in long divi- 
sion, who, in a tiight of fancy, attempts, for 
the first time, to work a problem iu partial 

Failure is a partial result of ignorance, 
and he who would intelligently hope for 
success must not work in the dark uor shut 
up his eyes from the light, but with all pos- 
sible assistance, with all possible effort, 
"Act, act in the living present," aa becomes 
a " trae^kuight of the quill." 

If you would 

etl'ort iu a brtiuch 

deficient? Fur is 
it not a lameut- 
ahl'- Ucl that 
many, and I 
think 1 i.iiKhl 

Nay a uinymi 
of the publ 
scliool tearlit 

fiuihlied peu-ar 
tist.«; but the of them 
could, will, little 
trouble, improve 

very much. This, 

too many of thenr 

will not attempt 

until a higher standard is required of them 

by school-boards and examiners. 

It is hard for teachers, 'who are themselvCM 
poor writers, to inspire their pupils with a 
desire to become even fairly good writers, to 
say nothing of a "love for the art." Lack 
of writin e-books, with engraved or printed 
copies, by many pupils, is a great drawback 
lo their advancement. 

I once heard a man ask the olerk in a 
8" ore for some foolscap paper with which to 
make writing-books for his children. When 
a«k(*d if he would not like some copy-boiks 
with printed copies, he said, " No; it is the 
teacher's business to write copies, and I am 
not going to buy them ready-made to save 
the teacher the trouble of writing them." 

The average school-teacher can never 
write the same copy twice alike, to say 
nothing of the difference in *.he writing of 
different teachers, or " individuality in writ- 
ing " ; and the most of the schools, in the 
rural districts, change teachers with each 
succeeding term. 

Thus the pupil often spends more time in 
iinle&rping what baa ftlrettdy heen letirned 

ply with such requests. We can only show 
our hand through the columns of the 

Programme " C." 
Philosophy of Motion. — Capitals and 


Article IX. — Concluded. 
By C. H. Peirce. 

Are you satisfied that you now under- 
stand the "Philosophy of Motion" and it,s 
application to the simpler forms — whole- 
arm? If so, you may now begin the prac- 
tice of capitals propnr, commencing with V, 
and passing each letter of first group, singly, 
to J, inclusive. 

How well this work may be done will 
depend upon the ease, dash and grace of 
motion displayed in extended movements 
and the Philosophy o( Motion. The sev- 
eral grades of distinction, on a scale of five, 
maybe embodied in the following: Ist, 
poor; 2d, fair; 3d, good; 4th, excellent; 
5th, superior. If your execution of ex- 
tended movementB »pd Philosophy of Mo- 

results should be the first fniit of a spas- 
modic effort. Why expect itt 

Systematic training, coupled with syste- 
matic practise, will give systematic ad- 
vancement, which is the only true develop- 

Scratching, scribbling and hull-dog grit 
may win satisfactory results for a time, but 
he who would wear the highest honors and 
gain the coveted prize must possess intelli- 
gence of a higher order. 

The power to execute a half dozen "ex- 
tended movements," to understand the Phi- 
losophy of Motion in its simplest form, to 
place upon paper a few of the easier capi- 
tals, will not meet the requirements when 
more difficult results are demanded. I re- 
peat it, inteUiffence is the only sure guide, 
and if the ambitious youth seeks to climb 
without it, he must eventually be content to 
sit with the ordinary of the profession. 

The analogous conclusion is, that after 
the student has done his very best with the 
power at hand (and by this I mean much 
more than is usually implied by the term), 
if he would makfi the greatest progresB in 

■eivable direc- 

and grace, the 
size, at least, of 
a silver dollar. To acquire this is to begin 
with a simple oval, the size of a dime, and 
as soon as desirable, pass to the size of a 
quarter, and so on. 

The steps necessary to the general devel- 
opment of Programme " C " 



You will find, at the outset, that the work 
is much more difficult in *' C " than "B," 
and the cause can be attributed mainly to 
the want of capacity. 

Gr^ually, however, the muscles will he 
brought under eontrwl until the highest 
power conceivable is reached. 

At first, confine your efforts in making 
capitals to the ordinary space on legal cap 
paper and to very simple designs. 

You will find the smaller alphabet of the 
Peircerian System very appropriate in every 
respect, after which the larger set can be 
easily and readily adopted. 

Ko. .'), Combinations.— By reference to 
February, No. 81 of Journal, you will find 
this point treated as fully as I care to now. 
In a separate article, at some time, I will 
be pleased to disouei* Conabinatious at length, 

I have thua far roviewci:!, hastily, Pro- 
grammes " A," " B " and " C." 

If any points have been left doubtful, you 
will confer upon me a great favor by asking 
any and all questions through the columns 
of the Journal, and I will reply aa best as 

My nest article of this serie 
duce Prograimno "D." 

(To le continued.) 

I will intro- 

Educational Notes. 

[Commuiiicationa for this Depftrtment may 
be addreesed to B. F. Kkli.EY,205 Broadway, 
New York. Brief educational items BoHcited.] 

Amherst College has 352 students. 
Williams College has 251 students. 
Little Kock, Ark., is soon to have a uni- 

School savings-banlcs arc to be introduced 

The new Yiilo catalogue contains the 
names of 1,0DG studeots. 

Wisconsin University rejuiccs in nearly 
100 fresbmeu.— Co//c(;c Record. 

The University of Illinois haB an annual 
income of §05,000. — College Record. 

The school revenu 
during the past year ^ 

of New Ilampshir 
iis S584,r)2774. 

The number of female students in attend- 
ance at Michigan University this year was 

There are 365 pupils now attending the 
Spencerian Business- College at Cleveland, 

New Jersey will have the comfortable sum 
of $1 ,774,693.47 to expend upon her schools 
this year. 

. Virginia, last year, had 5,382 public 
schools. Her school expenditures wqre 

New Orleans has received a gift of $2, 
000,000 fur the endowment of a college. — 
College Record. 

There are sixty-one public free schools in 
the City of Brooklyn, with an average daily 
attendance of 54,184. 

A " School of Music" had been estab- 
lished at Ann Arbor in connection with the 
University of Michigan. 

The Legislature of Vermont is petitioned 
for a law mahint; instruction concerning 
temperance obligatory. 

There are 188 boys and 108 girls, from 
several of the Western tribes, at the Indian 
school at Carlisle, Peun. 

It is said that the same series of text- 
books cannot be found in any two counties 
in California.— Jf. Y. Tribune. 

According to the last Census there are in 
this country 4,923,451 persons unable to 
read, and 0,239,959 unable to write. 

Mr. Garry has given $30,000 to be used 
in founding a professorship of books at 
Oberlin College. — Jcacfter's Guide. 

The State of Ohio has 1,063,337 pupils; 
enrollment, 744,758; 23,970 teachers (12, 
517 women); per capita cost, $i4.7.'>. 

The average attendance in the Ohio pub- 
lic schools last year was 508,141. The 
Bohool population unuihered 1,063,337. 

The University of Vienna has nearly 
5,000 students — a larger number than at 
any time within the past two centuries. 

Mt. Ilolyoko Seminary has 275 students 
and 25 teachers. The new students were 
better prepared than usual. — School Jour- 

Young women form forty per cent, of the 
attendance at tho Boston Evening High 
School — the total attendance being 840 

Mr. Hollovray, an Englishman, has given 
$2,000,000 to endow an institution fur the 
higher education of women. — Harvard 

Of the 470 students attending the Provin- 
cial Normal and Modtl Schools at Ottawa, 
470 receive instruction in penmansliip. — 
Universal Penman. 

Tlie Library of the late George P. Marsh, 
containing 12,000 volumes, many of them 
rare, has been purchased by Mr. F. Billings 
for the University of Vermont. 

Cornell University finds that an estate 
bequeathed to if, supposed to be of moderate 
value, is worth over $2,000,000 in cash, as 
it was iuvested in Wisconsin pine lands. — 
School Journal. 

Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes has tendered 
his resignation as Parkman Professor of 
Anatomy in tho Medical ScLool of Harvard 
University — a position ho has held for 
thirty-five years. — School Journal. 

Tbo oldest institution of learning in 
America is situated in New York, on Twen- 
ty-uinth Street near Seventh Avenue and is 
known as the "School of the Reformed Pro- 
testant Dutch Church of the City of New 
York." This institution was founded in 
1633— three years before Harvard College. 

Women are now eligible to school-offices 
in Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Virginia, Mas- 
sachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Pennsyl- 
vania, Vermont, Wyoming, and to any office 
in Wiecousiu except State Superintendent. 
One of the members of the Mississippi 
Stale Board of Education is a woman. — 
Teacher's Guide. 

Educational FANcras. 

A school-teacher is a person employed to 
give parents five hours of peace and quiet 
per day. 

" What is the cause of the saltness of the 
ocean T" inquired a t'-acher of a bright 
little boy. " The codfish," replied the little 

A Vassar College miss readfl the prayer- 
book responses, thus: "As it was in the 
bpginuiug, is now and ever shall be, world 
without men. Ah, me!" 

Innocent, earnest art-student (to profes- 
sor) : " Please, what is a Grecian curve!" 
Professor ( embarrassed and smiling ) : 
" Why— it's— it's a Grecian bend ! " 

Correct. — "My boy," said a conscien- 
tious teacher, "do you know why I am 
going to whip youf " " Yes," replied the 
young hopeful, " because you're bigger than 
I am." 

"Can yon tell me, little girl, why we 
pray for our daily bread?" asked an Austin 
Sunday-school teacher of one of her pupils. 
" Because the bread would get stale if we 
didn't get it every day. "—Texas Sif lings. 

Nine iier cent, of Yale graduates become 
clergymen, and quit ripping up sidewalks, 
stealing gates, and heaving brickbats 
through chamber windows. The other 
ninety-one per cent, go out into the world 
and whoop'er up. 

Professor (explaining the influence of dif- 
ferent densities of air on sound) : " If now 
from here we should hear the steamboat 
whistle down in the harbor, what shonld 
we infer!" Bright Junior: "Steamboat 
coming ia."~Yale Record. 

An Austin teacher was calling the roll. 
Just as he called out " Bob Smith," Bob 
pushed open the door, out of breath, and 
answered, "Here, sir!" "Robert, next 
time you must not answer to your name 
unless you are here." "Yes, sir; I'll try 
not to."— Texas Siftings. 

An Austin boy came home from school 
very much excited, and told his father that 
ho believed all human beings were descended 
from apes, which made the old man so mad 
that he angrily replied: "That might be 
case with you, but it ain't with me; I 
can tell you that, Jiow."— Texas Siftings. 

Annie was six years old, and was going 
to school with a sister of nine. One after- 
noon, when school was near its close, her 
uncle came by and proposed to carry them 

her class, and would not leave, but Annie 
said, "All right, Uncle Buck! I'll go. I 
am foot, and can't get any footer ! " 

When we see the young man of the per- 
iod, with the cutaway coat, his ears sheltered 
from the cold North wind blasts by the 
broad expanse of his collar, his two watch- 
chains, but no watch, his pointed shoes and 
intellectual eyeglasses, his tooisey-wootsey 
cane and pancake hat, we realize that the 
$84,000,000 annually expended in educating 
the American youth is little enough. — 
Rochester i^xpress. 

A young man was teaching in a district 
school, when one day the following conver- 
sation took place. Teacher (to a little girl 
whom ho sees weeping violently) : "What 
is the matter, Fanny!" Fanny: "Je — 
Je—Je— Johnny's tryin' t— t— to kiss m— 
m — " Teacher ( interrupliug ) : "Johnny, 
were you trying to kiss Fanny ! " Johnny : 
"No, sir." Teacher: "But she says that 
you were." Fanny : " N — n — no, sir. He 

M — M — Maggie J—Jackson." 

A scientist says: "Segregaticm is a pro- 
cess tending ever to separate unlike units, 
and to bring together like units, so serving 
coniiiiually to sharpen, or make definite, 
difi'erentiat'ons which have been otherwise 
c-iustd." This steuis plain enough, and 
satisfactorily explains why the homogeneity 
of the contactiuu of the nebulosity and the 
evolutionism of the subsequentialion and in- 
dividualism are in antipathy to tho herefore- 
ness and primordialism of the cosmos in its 
relation to the unseenness of the vacuity. 
And yet some persons may doubt it. — JVor- 
ristown Herald. 

[ In every instance where tlie 
item used in this departmeul \i 
pi'oper credit is given. A like ' 
others will be appreciated, j 

known, the 
juriesy from 

" What's the Difference ? " 

" Well, I do declare ! " 
" Who didn't know that I " 
"Pshaw; anybody could tell you the 
same thing!" 

" I always thought that people had sense 
enough to do such simple thii gs without 

"In the West they may not know any 
better, but we Down-easterners are a heap 
more sharper." 

The following remarks are respectfully 
dedicated to anxious readers of the Journal, 
who are ever ready to accept any aid that 
will prove beneficial, and not to the " wise 
men of tho East." 

In this number of the Journal is an 
article upon " The Power of Position," and 
this idea may very properly be considered 
in connection with it, viz.: " How to Secure 
the Greatest Power of the Forearm " 

1st. Did it over occur to you that there 
might possibly be too much clothing on the 
arm, thereby destroying the perfect action 
of the muscles of the forearm! 

2d. How many thicknesses of clothing d.o 
you have upon the arm during the colder 
part of the year! 
3d. What is the size of your cuff? 
4th. Does not the flannel undorsleeve fit 
tightly to the arm! 

5th. Tight sleeves are the style for ladies; 
what must be done, if the muscles must have 
perfect freedom, in order to get tho proper 
action ! 

Gth. Have you practised for hours and 
hours, days and days, weeks and weeks, yet 
did not get tho easy motion so desirable to 
produce good results! 

Remember, we are discussing only one 
point, viz.: "Docs it make any material 
diflcrence how the arm is clothed when you 
wish to secure the very best result.'* of fore- 
arm!" Most assuredly it does! 

1st. Too much clothing upon tho arm I 
will not permit it to move freely. 

2d. Reduce the number of thieknesacs as 
much as possible. At least for the time of 

3d. If your cuff does not admit of your 
arm moving forward and backward very 
easily, devise some means by which it can 
be done. 

4th. Have a piece of muslin of sufficient 
size set into your flannel undersleove, and 
you will never wonder again why your fore- 
arm jerks in the execution of work. 

5th. Make tho dress sleeve lit a^snug as 
convenient— it's the style, and that settles 

6th. By removing all obstacles, and, if 
possible, have but a single thickness, and 
that loosely, on the arm ; you mil then get 
the very best results. 

Facts are stubborn things, and if you per- 
sist in working on with a tight-sleeved fore- 
arm, you have my sympathy and pity. My 
best wishes aro with you for your success, 
and I express my regret that I cannot be 
with yon in person, while you are thus 
manacled, that I might quietly and peace- 
ably advise you of the unpardonable sin. 
C. H. Peircb. 

Report of the Dead-lbtter Oppice. 
—The annual report of Chief Dallas of the 
Dead-letter Office which has just been com- 
pleted, shows that the whole number of 
letters and parcels opened in the office dur- 
ing tho year ended Juno 30, leSl, li),!)89 
contained money, an increase of 7 per cent, 
over the previous year; that 24,575 contain- 
ed drafts, cliecks, notes, etc., an increase of 
Hi per cent.; that 44,731 contained 
receipts, certificates, paid notes, etc., an 
increase of 17^ per cent. ; that 3y,24i> con- 
tained photographs, an increase of IG per 
cent. ; that 52,403 contained postage- 
stamps, a decrease of 14^^ per cent.; that 
1)0,842 contained merchandise, books, etc., 
an increase of 20i per cent. ; that 3,400,- 
577, or an increase of 10* per cent., con- 
tained nothing of value. The reduction in 
the number of letters containing postage- 
stamps is explained as being partly due to 
the extension of the money-order system, and 
partly to the fact that a smaller number of 
fictitious letters, which usually contain re- 
mittances of stamps, have been sent to the 
Dead-letter Office duriug the year. The 
increase of all articles of mail-matter re- 
ceived was about 15 per cent. 

Questions for the Readers of the 


Br Prof. C- H. Peirce. 

1. Are the combinations of y, xo and 6 to 
other small letters formed the same as that 

2. Should you breathe during the execu- 
tion of work, generally? If not, why! 

3. In writing a lone word, say from two 
to three inches, is it necessary to change 
position of either arm or paper to secure the 
highest order of skill! 

4. Why do the majority of good penmen 
make tho upper pm-t of capital "/" too 
lar^e ! 

5. What is the difFerence between busi- 
ness and professional writing! 

G. How produce turas and angles? 

7. What is one cause of incorrect spac- 

8. What motion la necessary to the cor- 
rect ending of letters and words! 

9. Oa a scale of thirds— how much spaoo 
between two distinct lines of writing! 

iO. Why are some turns on the base 
lino made greater than others, by even our 
best penmen! 

11. Can the capital W be executed as 
well by lifting tho pen from the paper, after 
making first iiarls, as otherwise! 

12. What, generally, is the weight of the 
forearm, while oxecutiug workl Does tho 
weight vary with light and shaded lines! 

Subscribers who may desire to have thoir 
subscription begin with Prof. Spencer'a 
course of lessons, which began in tho May 
number, may do so, and receive tho Jour- 
nal from that date until January, 18d4;'fi)r 
$1.50 with one premium. 

!<-:t Jill- vi: 

Ignorance and Superstition. 
The greatest enemies of mankind have 
ever been, down to the present day, ignor- 
ance and superstition j their greatest bene- 
factors, on the other hand, the lofty intel- 
lectual heroes who with the Pword of their 
free spirit have valiantly contended with 
those enemies. Among these venerable in- 
tellectual warriors stand at the bead Darwin, 

Goethe, and Lamareli, in a line with New- 
ton, Keppler, and Copernicus. These great 
tliinl(ers of nature by devoting their rich in- 
tellectual gifts, in 
the teeth of all op- 
position, to the dis- 
covery of the most 
sublime natural 
truths, have become 

mankind, and pos- 

The Sand-blast. 

Among tiie wonderful and useful inveo- 
tions of the time in the common fand-blast. 
Suppose you desire a piece of marble for a 
gravestone, you cover the stouo with a 
sheet of wax no thicker than a wafer ; then 
you cut in the wax the name, dale, etc., leav- 
ing the marble exposed. Now pass it under 
the blast and the sand shall cut it away. Re- 
move the wax and you have the cut letters. 
Take a piece of French plate-glass, say two 
by fix feet, cover it with fine lace and pass 

philosophy of it. The sand whittles away 
and destroys any hard substance — even 
glass — but does not affect substances that 
are soft and yielding, like wax, cotton, oV 
even the human hand. 

The Autograph Fiend at Large. 
Fame has penalties, and the Morst of 
these is the autograph hunter. Watchmen, 
bulldogs and ahotguns may keep undesirable 
visitors from personally intruding upon the 

love than the Scribes 
and Pharisees who 
are always bearing 
this phrase in their 
mouth and the op- 
posite in their heart. 
How little, on the 
other hand, blind 
belief in miracles 
and the domination 
of orthodoxy is in a 

true philanthropy is 
sufiicieutly testified 
not only by the 
whole history of the 
Middle Ages, but 
also by the intoler- 
ant and fanatic pro- 
cedure of the mili- 
tant Church in our 

not look with deep 
shame on those or- 
thodox Christians 
who, in our day, 
again express their 
Christian love by 
tlie persecution of 
thofce of other faith 
and by blind hatred 
of race f And here 
in Eisenach, the sa- 
cred place where 
Martin Luther de- 
livered us from the 
gloomy ban of ad- 
herence to the letter, 
did not a troop of 
so-called Lutherans 
venture some years 
ago to try anew to 
bend science under 
that yoke. Against 
this presumption on 
the part of a tyran- 
nical and selfish 
priesthood it will 
to-day be' permitted 
us to protest on the 
same spot where 
360 years ago the 
great Reformer of 
the Church kindled The above cut is photo- 
the light of free in- ( 

quiry. As true Prot- 
eetants we shall rise 

up against every attempt to force independ- 
ent reason again under the yoke of supereti- 
tion, no matter whether the attempt he made 
by a church sect or a pathologic spiritism. 
Happily we are entitled to regard these 
mediosval relapses as but transitory aberra- 
tions which will have no abiding effect. 
The immeasurable practical importance of 
the natural sciences for our modern culture- 
life is now so generally recognized that no 
section of it can any longer dispense with it. 
No power in the worid is able again to roll 
backn ard the immense progress to which we 
owe our railways and steamers, telegraphy 
and pVotography, and the thousand indis- 
pensable discoveries of physics and chem. 
iiiTj.—Maeckel, in Nature. 

But the noted people of the day are usually 
those who are most busy, so unless they are 
too good for this world they cannot help 
wishing their unknown tormentoreina place 
where any autograph album would in an 
instant turn to smoke and ashes. The 
mawkish sentimentality of the age forbids 
the shooting of autograph hunters who apply 
iu person, and it would probably doubt the 
propriety of filling with red pepper or nitro- 
glycerine the return envelopes of those who 
apply by mail; but the tormented notabili- 
ties might find a 
little comfort in fol- 
lowing the example 
of the late lamented 
Horace Greeley, 
who answered an 
applicant as fol- 
lows: " Dear Sir — 
You ought to be in 
better business than 
bunting auto- 
graphs ; " then he 
'glected to append 


-N. Y. 


A Testament- 
ary Curiosity. — 
In 1877 a man who 
died in Berlin leav- 
ing behind him a 
fortune of 34,000 
marks, surprised all 
who knew him by 
devising that 3ii,000 
marks ohould go to 
the authorities of his 
native place, and 
that the remainder 
should be divided 
between nine rela- 
tives and a friend 
with whom he had 
quarreled, the share 
of any one of the 
legatees becoming 
forfeited if he fol- 
lowed the testator 
to the grave. His 
relatives religiously 
obeyed the dead 
man's decree, but 
the estranged friend, 
remembering old 

uld 1 

frain froi 


-ly to the 
churchyard and 
paying his last re- 
spects to the de- 
ceased. By and by 
a codicil came to 
light directing that 
if any one of the ten 
legatees under the 
will should disobey 




/raved from pen-and-ink cop;/, preparrd al^the' 

eral Reference and Form*," lately published by 

It M ffiven as a spi 

[^ce'of (he •'Journal," far Jhe '•Universal Self-Instr 

Mr: Thos. Kelly, No. 17 Barclay Street, New Torlc. 

llackboard-tBriting and Jlouriehing. 

nd Manualyf 

receive the bulk of 
the money left to 
the testator's town, 

nd, thanks 


it under the blast, and not a thread of the 
lace will bo injured, but the sand will cut 
deep into the glass wherever it is not cover'ed' 
by the lace. Now remove the lace and you 
have a delicate and beautiful figure raised on 
the glass. In this way figures of all kinds 
are cut in glass at small expense. The work- 
men can hold their bands under the blast 
without any harm, even when it is cut- 
ting away at the hardest-cutting glass, iron, 
or stone, but they must look out for finger- 
nails, for they will be whittled off right hast- 
ily. If they put on steel thimbles to pro- 
tect their nails it will do but Httlo good, for 
the sand will soon whittle them away ; but if 
they wrap a piece of soft cotton around them 
they are safe. You will at once see the 

privacy to which the famous are as fully en- 
titled as the obscure, but in nearly every 
country the postal department j)rovides a 
very witch's keyhole for whoever cares to 
use it; and through this the autograph 
hunter makes his way, operating soinetiincs 
in a single day on a dozen different persons, 
not one whom ever did bim any harm. 
Last week the whole tribe of autograph 
hunters attacked Mrs. Langtry and Mme. 
Nilssoli, and we suspect Signor Salvini could 
tell of a similar onslaught. This week the 
demand for Patti autographs will equal that 
for Patti seats. Such attentions may not 
seem altogether disagreeable to those of us 
whose autograph is never in demand, unless 
it happens to be at the bottom of a check. 



man who tho 
more of his old friendship than 
friend's' money found himself comfortably 
jirovidfd for for tho rest of bis life. — Cham- 
bers^s Journal. 

How to Remit Money. 

The best and safest way is by Post-office 
Order, or a hank draft, on New York ; next, 
by registered letter. For fractional parts of 
a dollar, send postage stamps. Do not send 
personal checks, especially for small sums, 
nor Canadian postage stamps. 

Sample copies of tho Journal sent only 
n receipt of price — ten centB. 

Published M 


D. T. AH&S, 

Editor a 

205 B 

oadway, > 

Sinifle copiei of Ibe 




e Order or by RegU- 




New York, December, J882. 

The "Journal" for 1883. 

With the preeent issue the Journal 
lomplotes its sixth volume. Upon its sub- 
st^iption-list are nearly three times hb many 
uaines as ouk year since, while the coming 
yeiu is by far more promising for aubscrip- 
tions than wa« tlie past. With the enlarged 
experientie of its editors, and tlie eonstantly 
increasing faeilitiea fiir gathering valuable 
matter, and for supplying numerous and in- 
leresting illustrations, its renders can be as- 
sured that the course of the Journal for 
the ensuing year will be markedly progres- 
! for good writing 

Its present i 
lu scarcely be 
lODthly visits it ca 

) th< 

r-esti mated 
a inspiration and effi- 
sands who are teach- 
thoustuids ol pupils 

lug writing, and 

who, throughout the country, 

to acquire a good handwriting, while its aid 

In those who are seeking to excel in ar- 

■istic pen-work is scarcely leas etficient and 

practical. No other publication relating to 

penmanship has ever been so far-reaching 

and practical in its influence upon the art as 

the Journal. Its present circulation is, 

undoubtedly, beyond the entire aggregate 

of all the pepmau'3 papers now or ever 

imblished upon this continent, while the 
number and extent of its illustrations, both 
of practical and artistic penmanship, are 
withimt even a pretense of rivalry. 

While the Journal will be |triiiiarily 
devoted to the various departments of pen- 
manship and matters of special interest to 
the profeseioD, each number will contain 
from one to two columns of clioice educa- 
tional items, and a carefully selected mis- 
cellany relating to art, science, literature, 
humor, and matters of general interest — 
sufficient to render it valuable tn all classes 
of persons. Among its subscribers are many 
who have no special interest in penman- 
ship. Parents who have sons or daughters 
whom they would have become good writers 
can make no better investment than to send 
their names as subscribers to the Journal. 
It not (mly conveys to them, monthly, val- 
uable instruction, but it will awaken and 
foster an enthusiasm that vrill lead ou to 
success. Teachers who have done good 
work in their classes will do their pupils a 
substantial service by inducing them to sub- 
scribe for the Journal. They will thereby 
supplement their own labor by supplying 
the means of keeping alive the interest,th6y 
have awakened, and encouraging their 
pupils to continued efforts for improvement. 
No pains or expense will be spared to 
render the Journal, to t!ie highest degree, 
interestiug and instructive; and to its many 
friends, who, in the past, have so zealously 
labored to extend its circulation, wo return 
our moFt earnest thanks, and we trust that 
tliey will be no less energetic and successful 
duriug the years to come. 

New and Valuable Premiums 
For 1883. 

Wo have neariy complete for the press, 
and expect to have ready to mail on Janu- 
ary 1st, a work, entitled, "Ames's Hand- 
boiik of Artistic Penmanship," which will 
consist of 32 large pages, devoted exclusive- 
ly to artistic penmanship, an<l will embrace 
exercises and numerous designs for off-hand 
nourishing. Standard and fancy alphabets 
aud artistic lettering, with instruction for 
designing and executing artistic pen-work. 
The price of the work, by mail, will be: 
b.mud in paper covers, 75 ecnt^; in cloth, 
$1.00. To all who shall remit $J for a re- 
newal, or a new subscription to the Jour- 
nal, during the months of December or 
January, this book (in paper) will be mailed 
free as a premium. In cloth, 25 cents ex- 
tra must be remitted. 

For 75 cents additional— 1.75 in all— we 
will mail, with the Journal, "The Hand- 
book" (in paper; or $2, in cloth) and the 
"Standard Practical Penmanship," thus 
giving complete guides to both practical 
and artistic penmanship. To subscribers 
sending their subscriptions before January 
1st, WG will mail the December namber, and 
date their subscription from January 1st. 
To those who remit the additional sum for 
the books, the " Standard Practical Pen- 
manship" will be mailed at once, and the 
Hand-book as soon as ready. 

lu place to the above-named premiums, 
wo shall continue to give free a choice of all 
the five premiums given last year, viz : 
The Centennial Picture of Progress . 23x28 

Tlie Lord's Prayer 19 x 24 

The GarfieM Memorial 19 x 24 

name, and that of their Post-office, County 
and State. Hundreds of letters, duriug a 
single year, are received, which cannot be 
answered, from some oversight on the part 
of the writer. 

Which HELPS a Penman's Pai-eu. 
We receive, from time to time, a large 
number of penmen's circular8,college papers, 
catalogues^ etc., and it is with pleasure that 
we note in many a kindly mention of the 
Journal and a proper credit given for 
such editorial matter as suits their pub- 
lishers to copy therefrom ; and it is with 
pain that we notice, in other instances, edi- 
torials used, entire from the Journal, as 
original matter, without credit, or mention 
in any way of the Journal, in their entire 
publication. If the old Latin proverb, 
'^Falsus in uno, falsus in omnibus," be 
true, all the statements made in such circu- 
lars and papers are prejudiced by such pi- 
racy, ai d such is certainly our feeling in all 
such instances. And it is our observaiion 
that from the pupils of teachers and princi- 
pals guilty of such piracy there come few or 
no subsoribers to the Journal. Self-pro- 
tection demands that they shcmld not reveal 
the source of their "thunder" by placing 
the Journal in the bauds of their mis- 
guided patrons. Before us is a business 
college circular which in far from being 
modest in setting forth the numerous aud 
extraordinary advantages of the institution 
by whicli it is issued, wherein we find the 
following artitle, without quotation or 
credit, but, on the contrary, there is ; 
pended, as its author, the name of the pi 
man of the college: 

EditorinI \a JOURXAL, Prom CoUtfft 



The Flourished Eagli 

The Hounding Stag 

And as new premiums 

The Family Record . 

The Marriage Cerliticatt 

Either of the above works is alone worth 

the subscription-price of the Journal. 

Should subscribers desire any of the above- 
named premiums, other than the one of 
their choice, if ordered at tlie time of their 
subscription, they will be mailed for 25 
cents each. Otherwise, the price by mail is 
50 cents each. Special rates to agents. 

Persons sending their subscription should 
be careful to designate the premium of 


111(1 tboufrlitrul prao- 

fRoulty of ddigent and 


e regnrded ha a gift; 

tlioiighlfiil pracliue be re- 


ve Luve no doubt that 

gonled aa n gift; if ao, ne 

the ea 

Liii« gift would equally 

have nu hvaitBiiry in eay- 


:iii8h Jt« poMPesor )D 

iug that the same gift 

t any other aludy or 

would equally dUlinguiaU 

itaposBuiworin almoal auy 



other Btudy or acoonipUsU- 
ment tia may eugage. 
We venture the aaaerdoD 


Ilia "gift" of good 

tliat (here ia no skillful 

un u 


penman who doca uot know 
thai bis "gU>" for good 


cameet aludy and 

writing wna discovered 


ceolwridug. .So far 

after an untold amount of 


giflB " are not passed 

earnest <tudy and praoliee. 
If I apoke for myaelf I 


gratiiitoiuly to. noy 

might truly say thiit my 



ability to produce artiatio 

T heMmportance of Drill. 

pen of that veteran penman and teacher, 
W. P. Cooper, an article which merits fiom 
teachers and pupils of wriliog the most 
careful consideration. Mr. Cooper touches, 
with a master's hand, the key-note of suc- 
cessful practice for the acquisition of good 
and correct writing. It is the lack <.f per- 
sistence in careful and thoughtful drill that 
has produced such a crop of outlandish 
scribblers as we see among the young %vriters 
of to-day. They have mistaken thought- 
less, rather than thoughtful, practice for 
drill. They have heard that "practice 
makes perfect," and they have practiced, all 
unmindful of the fact that to be tmo, 
"practice" must be construed to mean "in- 
telligent and thoughtful practice," in which 
every effort and motion of the hand shall 
be forcibly directed to the accomplishment 
of a single and definite purpose. 

Thoughtless scribbline is not dnll, and 
tends no more to produce good and correct 
writing than does the cry of the street ven- 
der to develop good elocution, or the' cry of 
"shine-em-up" by the street-corner artist, 
to discipline him for the production of angelic 
strains of music. Successful practice or 
drill means, first, study to know the correct 
forms and construction of writing; second, 
persistent and thoughtful exercise of the 
hand to reproduce those fortps with a high 
degree of facility and certainty. Upon this 
subject, we also c^niiinend attention lo an 
article in this issue from Mr. C. H. Peirre. 

Another Fraud. 

We lately received the following lette; 
which explains itself: 

MURRAy. Iowa, Det". 4. laea. 
D. T. Ames, Esc], 

Dear Sir: There ia a mau here claiming t 
be in your employ for giving wnting-leBsoni 
and also as agent for ibe Penman's Ar 

Inclosed find his reieipt giyeii as the vwxm 
I have to tell you thai he is a fraud, for h.- Im 
BwindUd me and others out of small .-mn. 
Will you please inform me whether he i« v^m 
agent or not ? And oblige, 


The following is the 
inclosed by Mr. Eden ; 

No. 19. 

Rcc'd full pat/mtnt for '• Penman. ■< J, 
Journal" for 1$ months and S lettons. 

D. T. Amts. Vullhht^ 
C. L. La Grange, Ayent. 

i spite 

Ii has been the most earnest desire and 
effort on the part of the editors of the 
Journal to advance, to the fullest degree 
possible, the interest aud success of penmen 
aud of business education, and it has been 
by the most extraordinary effort that the 
Journal has won the la 
confidence and esteem which hafi gi 
such marked success, wlieie many 
of earnest effort, had failed. 

And while we return our thanks to its 
many appreciative and rec'procative friends, 
we can only condemn and despise those of 
the profession who reciprocate only by 
piracy from the columns of the Journal, 
and the withholding of its merits from their 
pupils and friends. 

All Back Numbers 

of the Journal may he had, excepting one 
number, since and inclusive of January, 
1878; only a few copies of 1878 loft. 
Fifty-nine numbers in all to January 1st, 

It is sufficient for us to say that we uevtr 
lefore heard of the name of the .siid 
'agent." He is a fraud— Simon pure. Aud 
IS it is probable that the name given is Hi ti- 
tious, we shall be obliged to any unc whu 
can furnish us with his real uame, that we 
may reach the genuine author of this most 
bold and miserable swindle. We shall 
spare no trouble to brand sucli villains when 
made known. It is quite probable that tliis 

tlie same fellow wbon 

we liave prev 

owu uj) under the uai 

esofE. B.C 

d A. Tiguore, Jr. 


thoir choice, and give plainly their own I 1883, mailed, without premiums, for $4. 

When to Subscribe. 

For several reasons it is desirable, tlijtr. .-.. 
far SJ& is practicable, subserijitions sliould 
begin with the year, yet it is entirely op- 
tional with the subscriber as to when> 
subscription shall commence. Those mIio 
may be specially interested in the very pi;u - 
tical and valuable course of lessons mui- 
moncod by Prof. H. C. Spencer may Imvi- 
their subscriptions begin with the Mn^- 
number, in which is tiie first lesson of tin- 

To those sending in their subscrijitinua 
.luring this month we will date the saiue 
January Ist, thus giving them thirtotii 
numbers; or, for $i.r)0 we will mail the 
Journal from May, 1882, to January, 
1883, with two premiums. 

Kemittances should he made by l' 
oflice Money-order, or by registered letter. 

The King Club 

For this month comes again from " the 
banner town," Valparaiso, Tod. It num- 
bers seveniy-five, and is sent by E. K. 
Isaacs, teacher of peomanBhip in the North- 
ern Indiana Normal School and Business 
Institute. This club makes an ajrgregate 
of thirteen hundred and twenty-five sub- 
scribers, sent from tlie above-named instita- 
tion within a period of about two years. 

The second largest, or Queen Club, num- 
bera fifty-one, and is sent by Prof. Uriah 
McKee, principal of tlie Commercial Insti- 
tute at Oberlin (Ohio) College. 

The third in size numbers seventeen, and 
is sent by C. J. Oiler, at G. W.- Michael's 
Writing Institute, Delaware, Ohio. From 
present indications, the King and Queen 
(clubs), next month, will rank high. We 
give this notice that those who have kingly 
or (jueenly aspirations may be guided ac- 
cord i ugly. 

Special Offer. 

With the present issue of the Journal 
several thousand subscriptions will expire. 
As a special inducement for a prompt re- 
newal of all such, as 

Good Authority. 

Among the popular and experienced in- 
structors in the South Prof. R. S. Collius 
stands in the front rank, not only as a pen- 
man, but as an accountant. He has adopted 
the Standard Practical Penmanship in the 
King's Mountain High School, and gives 
no uncertain sound iu expressing his opinion 
of the merits of the publication : 

King's MoniTAiN, N. C, Nov. Vi.'S-I. 


: Sir: 

The Portfolio of Standard PracticRl I'eii- 
manship came this A. M., and I inclose Post- 
office Order to pay for the same. 

To say the leaet of them, they are simply 
grand. I am delighted with them. 

Think I will have to order more very soon. 
Thanking you for your kindness, I am, 

Yours truly. R. S. Collins. 

Bind and Preserve your 

The value of the Journal will be 
greatly enhanced by having it in a form 
convenient for reference and preservation. 
Our Common Sense Binder will contain, iu 
book form, all the Journals for 

Books and Magazines. 

"The Universal Self-Instructor and Man- 
ual of General Reference" is a finely illns- 
trated work of 672 paees ; edited by Albert 
Ellery Berg, and just published by Thomas 
Kelly, 17 Barclay Street. New York. This 
work is a complete cyclopaedia of useful in- 
formation relating to education, commerce, 
law, society,amu8einents,etc.,and an epitome 
of all manner of business and social forms. 
It is in itself a library — replete with tables, 
statistics and information, which need to be 
within ready and couvcnieDt reach of every- 
body. It is certainly one of the most de- 
sirable and useful works we have ever ex- 
amined. See the publisher's announcement 
in another column. 

" The Penman's Haud-book." The an- 
nouncement of " Gaskell's Penman's Haud- 
book," a new royal tpiarto volume, magni- 
ficently illustrated with over one hundred 
full-page plates of penmanship, engraved 
chapter-heads, tail-pieces, etc., should ho 
read by every pentnan. This would appear, 
from the announcement, to be an extensive 
work, to be ready on the first day of Janu- 
ary, \86\i. Those sending for it previ 



ug the year 
of 1883. we make 
the following extra- 
ordinary ofi'er, viz : 
To all who will, in 
the months of De- 
ceniber or January, 
remit $1 for a re- 

.scription to the 

mail free, i^ 



Hand-book of Ar- 
tistic Penmanship, 

for 2H cents addi- 
tional, nicely bound 
in cloth. Price of 
the book, by iimil, 
in paper, 75 cents; 
iu cloth, $]. After 
February Ist. the 
book will only be 
given HS a premium 
on receipt of 25 
centsextra, iu paper; 
or .50 cents, iu cloth. 
It wilt be observed 
that the above riffer 
does not apply to 

those who renew or send their subscription 
at club rates; to all such, there will be an 
extra charge of 25 or 50 cents for the book. 
See other premium-list elsewhere. 

Miscarriage of Papers. 

Each month more or less complaints 
reach us from subscribers who fail to get 
Ibeir i)aper8. Most are courteous notices; 
some are otherwise. But our readers must 
know that iu the mailing and transmission 
of many thousand papers many mishaps are 
liable : some mistakes, no doubt, occur in 
addressing the wrappers; from some papers 
the wrappers are torn or broken off in the 
mail-bags ; other papers are misplaced, or 
taken from the wrappers, at the office of 
delivery — all of which aggregate a con- 
siderable number of every edition mailed. 
Subscribers cauuot be more anxious than 
are the publishers that the Journal should 
be promptly delivered, and on failure to do 
so a notice to us will receive prompt 

Authority." Finally, there is a symposium 
upon the conditions of " Success on the 
Stage," by John McCullough, Joseph Jef- 
ferson, Madame Modjeska, Lawreuce Bar- 
rett, Maggie Mitchell, and William Warren. 

Frank Leslie's Popular Monthly. The 
December number brilliantly closes the vol- 
ume of this favorite magazine", and we re- 
mind our readers that now is the time to 
subscribe. The opening article is a most 
interesting history of "The Bank of Eng- 
land," by Richard B. Kimball ; there are 
nine i I Lustrations, with a picture of the 
founder, William Paterson. " Hats Off," 
*' A Beauty of the Last Century," " Mecca 
and its Pilgrims," are a few of the many 
interesting articles in this number. The 
128 pages quarto are crowded with good 
things, literary and artistic. There are over 
100 embellishmcDts, and a handsome cx)lored 
frontispiece, entitled " Little Sunbeam." 
A single number is only 25 cents, or *3 a 
year, postpaid. Address, Frank Leslie, 
publisher, 53, 55 and 57 Park Place, New 
Notes, Queries and A7iswers is the title 
interesting monthly, edited by N. B. 
Webster, Norfolk, 
Va., and published 
by S. C. and L. M. 
Gould, Manchester, 
N. H., at .Sl.OOper 
year. It is one of 
our most interesting 
and valued ex- 
changes. Send for 
a specimen -copy, or 
take our word for 
its being worth the 
money, and send $1 
for twelve numbers. 
2he Book-keeper, 
published at No. 2H 
Warren Street, New 
York, is always 
filled with valuable 
and interesting mat- 
ter for accountants 





Tht ahnvt cut represent! the title-page of ' 
for a tubsTtption or renewal, before Fel 

, Ike book, nicely bound 

in paper cover) to evert/ person remitting fl 
I cloth, loill be mailed free at a premium. 

book-keeping. In 
the last issue the 
old terms "debit" 
and "credit" are 
discussed in an en- 
tirely original man- 
ner, and the story 
of " Double-entry " 
book-keeping is re- 
le style 


The "Spencer Memorial Library" 
which has been established at Geneva, 0., 
in memory of Piatt R. Spencer, is receiving 
(as it deserves) the warmest support and 
encoaragemeut from the press throughout 
the country. It is certainly a fit memorial 
of the " Fftther of Spenoerian." 

four years, and vrill constitute a volume 
which will be invaluable to any teacher or 
pupil of writing. We send the binder, post- 
paid, to any address, for .§1.75; with the 
Journal, one year, for $2.50. 

The New Standard and Script 

This new contribution, to the list of neces- 
sary materials needed almost daily in the 
educational and business world, Ik meeting 
with a very largo demand. Iu addition to a 
complete system of business writing, printed 
upon the sides of the niler, it eml>races six 
scales of measurement more than the plain 
rulers of corresponding grade now in use. 
Sent by mail, from the office of the Journal, 
on receipt of 30 cents. 


In the January issue tiie editor will give 
the first ot a series of articles upon Corres- 
pondence. These articles will be prepared 
with great care, and each will be accom- 
panied with one or more specimens, photo- 
engraved, iu fao-simile form, from original 
pen-and-ink copy. 

We invite attention to an advertisement, 
in another column, of Paokftr3'fl New Com- 
meroial ArithmetiOi 

editorial notes 

cannot fail 
class of til 

intended. Speci 

January 15th will have the book for three I account of hia 
iMlars ; the price will be five dollars. It 
will he wholly unlike anything of the kind 
ever before published, and will have, no 
doubt, a large sate. 

" Laws of Book-keeping " is the title of 
a pamphlet of fifteen pages, announced in 
our advertising columns by David Vogel, of 
Poughkeepsie, N. Y. Its purpose is, by a 
brief series of direct questions and auswera 
to give instruction upon the leading features 
of book-keeping. The work is highly 
commended by those who have used it. 
Mailed to any address for fifty cents. 

The North Arnerican Review for Decem- 
ber commands attention no less by the emi- 
nence of its contributors than by the value 
and timeliness of contents. First, there ia 
a symposium on " The Health of Americau 
Women," regarded frcmi three distinct 
points of view : Dr. Dio Lewis considers 
the question of feminine attire, especially 
tight lacing ; Mrs. Elizabeth Cady Stanton, 
the injurious influences of social environ- 
ment ; and Dr. James Read Chadwick, the 
effects of education, climate and food. Gov. 
Buren E. Sherman, of Iowa, writes of the 
" Constitutional Prohibition " of the liquor 
traffic in that State. Gen. Grant reviews 
the case of Gen. Fitz John Porter. Richard 
A. Proctor writes of " The Influence of 
Food on Civilization." Prof. Fisher, of 
Yale College, on " Tlw Peoline of Clerioal 

Checkup gives an 
before the Ex- 
amining Committee of the Institute of Ac- 
countants and Book-keepers of the City of 
New York. In the department of " Tech- 
nical Discussions" are Papers on "The 
Settling-book," " Stock-dividends," " Re- 
verse-Posting," "Indexing," "Real Estate 
The usual misgeltany, 
and " Decisions in Couimer- 
' make up the number, and 
furnish food for the thinking 
' for whom the magazine is 


Our enterprising cotemporary, the Pen- 
man's Gazette, puts in its monthly appear- 
ance prompt and early, and is always spicy 
and interesting. Its stories, however, we 
fear are getting ahead of its penmanship ; 
yet it is well worth its subscription-price, 
and everybody ought to subscribe. 

Tht Universal Penman, by Sawyer Broe., 
Ottawa, Can., is well edited, and contains 
much interesting matter relating to pen- 
manship and shorthand ■writing. Send for 

We should be pleased to pay our compli- 
ments at some length to all of our ex- 
changes, but they are too numerous and our 
space too limited to admit of doing so. We 
have received the following: Bengough's 
Cosmopolitan Sh<yrthand- Writer, Toronto, 

i.ui 'Joi uN.vr." 

Can.; 7he Modern Stenographic Monthly, 
by Geo. A. TliorntoD, A. ^^., anil Emery 
P. Class. Buffalo, N. Y.; Tlie Student's 
Journal {shorthand), by A. J. Gralmin, 744 
Broadway, New York; T/te Shorthand- 
Writer, by D. P. Lindsley, 252 Hiumiway, 
New York; Brown's Phonographic Mmith- 
iy, by D. L. Scott— Browne, Clmt..n Plare, 
New; York; The Shorthand Writer, by 
Rowell anil HickoK, Boston, Mass.; The 
Shorthand News, by Brown aDil Hullatnl, 
Chicago, III.; The School Bulletin, by C. W. 
Bardeen, Syracuse, N. Y.; he Notre Dame 
Scholastic, Notre Diune, Ind.; he Teaclier's 
Guide, by J. D. Holcoiub, Clevelaud, 0.; 
Educational Journal of Virginia, by Win. 
F. Fox ; Northern Indiana School Journal, 
by J. W. Bell ; Neio York School Journal, 
by A. M. Kelloge; The Rughy {Academy) 
Jtf(»i(%, WilmiDgtoD, Del,; Educational 
iJeinew, Pittsburg, Pa.; Geyer's Stationer, 
New York; Business College Journal, 
Jacksonville, 111.; Academy Trio, East 
Greenwich, R. I.; Grand Rapids {Mich.) 
Commercial College Journal; Goodman's 
Business Messenger, Nasliville, Tenn.; 
Heald's College Journal, Sao Francisco, 
Cal.; New Jersey Business College Journal, 
Newark, N. J.; Captital City College Jour- 
nal, Trenton, N. J.; The Occident, Berkeley, 
Cal.; The American BookselleVf American 
News Co., New York. 

Remember that if you renew, or send in 
your subscription to the Journal, before 
February Ist, you will get a 75 cent book 
free, or a $1 book for 2'> cents extra. 

L. W. Hnllett ia tpachiiig wriiiug-claBBes at 
Millertown, Pa., and viciuity. 

C. W. Rice is teaching penmanship at llie 
Denver (Col.) Businese College. He is a bu- 
perior writer, and a popular teacher. 

The Indianapolis (Ind.) Tlmrs of recent date 
paye a high compliment to the B and S Biisi- 
ntfB8 College of that city as conducted by C. C. 

The New England Card Co., Woonsocket, 
R. I., have a superior aesorlment of New Year 
cards and other card stock. Send for anything 
you waul in that line. 

Anna E. Hill has, for some time past, been 
the special teacher of writing in the puhlio 
schools of Springfield, Mans., where she ia do- 
ing good and successful work. 

J. R. Goodier, who established a hnsiness 
school at Pouliac. Mich., last season, is having 
good success. Mr. Goodier is a skillful writer, 
and is well spoken of by the press. 

V. T. Harold, son of M. Harold, for many 
years a well-known and skillful pen-artist in 
Cincinnati, O., has eetabliphed liimself as a 
card-writer in the Emery Arcade of that cily. 

H. C. Carver, a late gniduate al Mussel- 
man's Gem City Business College, Quiuc-y. HI., 
B teaching writing at the La Crosse (Wis.) 
Business College. He is a. skillful young 

G. W. Allison, who is teaching wriiing at 
Gilboa, O., incloses, with a club for the Joun- 
NAL, a specimen of his writing hefoie and 
since subscribing for the JoUJIXal, which is 
creditable alike to him and his '* teacher." 

L. Afrire has charge of the writing depart- 
ments of the Minneapolis (Minn.) Academy, 
and the ArchibHld Butiiiess College of the 
same ciiy. Mr. Aaire is among tli- most ac- 
complished wrilers and teachers of the West. 

J. S. Conover of Galesburg, HI., who was 
mentioned, lately, in the JouitXAL. is not the 
Conover, who, some years aince, published a 
penman's paper at Coldwater, Mich. We 
make this statement to corre:t a misapprehen- 
sion by Bume of our correspondent s. 

C. W." Slocum, formerly of Council BIuRi, 
Ia., has lately been appointed superiulend- 
ent Bud teacher of wriiing in the public Bchools 
of ChiUlcothe, O. Mr. Slocum is an accom- 






I i((j^^^^^Sf^ 

I n in IV vn vn vmixxxFxxx c M D 

The above cut represents u Standard Roman Alphabet from "Avuh' Iland-hoo/: of Artistic Penmanship," wlurh irid be rradi/ to vind 

on January 1st. Price, by mail, in paper covers, 75 cents ; in cloth, ^I. Given free {in paper) as 

a premium mth the "Journal." In cloth, 2i> cents additional. 

plished writer and teacher, and will, we trust, 
do honor to his profession in liis new position. 

P. R. Cleary is meeting with encouraging 
success in teaching writing at Vernon, Mich. 
The Skawassec Count;/ Journal makes an ex- 
tended notice of his work, from which we clip 
the following: • 

Prof. Clpfiry, doriog hii short »1ay at Yemon, lina 

A beautifully flourislied bird and handsomely 
written letter comes from A. S. Dennis, Iowa 
City (la.) BufiineBB College. 

D. L. MuBselmnn of the Gem Cily Buainess 
College, Quiucy, 111., incloses several Buperior 
specimens of practical wriiing, and exquisitely 

Noteworthy epecimens of penmanship have 
been received from the following named per- 
sons: John Bachtenkircher, Parkville, 111.; 
AV. F. Ruth, Manheim, Pa.; A. W. Dakin, 
Tully, N. Y. (nourishing and writing); P. R. 
Swank, Mauch Chunk, Pa. (finely written 
cards); A. H. Steadman, Freeport, 0. (cards); 
G. W. Davis, Bryant's Buffalo (N. Y.) Busi- 
nesB College (an elegantly written letter); A. 
W. Schell, Poxbury, Pa. (letter and cards); 
J. H. W. Vork, Nearford, Ontario (letter) ; C. 
H. Peirce, Keokuk (la.) Mercantile College 
(letter); R. S. Bonsall, Bryant, Slratton and 
Carpenter's Business College, St. Louia, Mo. 
(Mt^-r); R. W. Cobb, Cincinnati, O. (cards); 
W. H. Johnson, Museelman's Gem Cily Busi- 
ness College, Quincy, 111. (letter); L. L. Wil- 
liams of the Business University, Rochester, 
N. Y. (an elegantly written letter); Miss Anna 
E. Hill, Springfield, Mass. (letter); Jacob 
Schwartz, snpeunlendeni of penmanship in 
public fichools, Zanesville, 0. (letter); T. E. 
Youmane. Savannah, Ga. (cards);! J. P. Moore, 
Moignntown, Ky. (letter and practical writing); 
C. E. Sharey, Dirigo Business College, Au- 
gusta, Me. (photo of lettering) ; C. E. Ruat, 
Brandon, Vt. (cards and practical writing). 


is made in 


vhich very 

cloBely r 

^Eonibles salt 

1- Coinm 

n paper is 


with suitable 

size, and 

while the 

surface i 

moist asbestos dyed to 

any desired 

shade is 

eprinkled ove 

r it. Any 


matter i^ 

easily shake 

n off when 

the size is 

dry. Fi 

ne effects are 

sometimea produced 

with aniline colors. 

Send Money for the "Journal." 

Persona desiring a single copy of the 
Journal must remit ten cents. No atten- 
tion will be given to postal-card requests 
for same. ^^ 

Geological examination of the delta of 
the Mississippi now shows that fttr a dis- 
tance of about 30U miles there are buried 
forests of large trees, one over the other, 
with interspaces of sand. Ten distinct 
forest growths of this description bnvo been 
observed, which it is believed must have 
succeeded each other. Of these trees, known 
as the bald oypreas, sonic have been found 
over twenty-five feet in diameter, and one 
contained 5,700 rings ; in some instances, 
too, huge trees have grown over the stumps 
of others equally large. From tliese facts, 
geologists have assumed the antiquity of 
each forest growth at 10,000 years, or 100,- 
000 for all— School Journal. 

Indecipherable Whiting.- 

-Why is it 

that a business man w 

11 write a 

fair, legible 

hand in the body of hi 

letter, a 

nd when he 

comes to sign his nan 

e ( the in 

ost difficult 

and important part, a 

nd the 

nlj part to 

which no other clueca 

Q be got t 


it) he will scratch don 

n a ridic 

lous scrawl 

that may mean John S 

nith, Pe 

er Jones or 

Tommy Tompkins t We get dozens of just 
such letters atthis office, and no doubt many 
hooks and papers go astray for no other 
reason than that our clerks fail to decipher 
the proper names. Make it a rule to write 
the address, including especially your own 
name, as plain as if it were printed, and 
don't suppose that because you are familiar 
with the names, other people a thousand 
miles away must be. 

The following is the translation of a letter 
written by the late Charles Darwin in 
answer to an inquiry from a young student 
at Jena, in whom the study of Darwin's 
boobs had raised religious doubts : 

" Sii^I am very busy, and am an old man 
in 'elicale health, aud have not lime to answer 
your questions fully, even assuming tlmt they 
arc cnpahle of being answered at all. Science 
and Christ have nothiipg to do with each other, 
except in as far as the habit of scientilic Investi- 
gation mnkes a man cautious about accepting 
any proofa. As far as I am concerned, I do not 
believe that any revelation has «ver been 
made. With regard to a future life, every one 
must draw his own conclusions from vague and 
contradictory probabililies. Wishing you well, 

" I remain, your obedient servant, 
"Down, June 5, 1879. Chaiii^s DAJtwuj." 

The press of a free country can scarcely 
understand the following terrific denuncia- 
tion which has been hurled by the Bishop 
of Santander, Spain, at the press which 
favors civil and religious liberty. Here is 
the thunderbolt, as copied from the Guard- 

May Almighty God curse those journals with 
the perpetual malediction launched against the 
devil and his angels! May they perish with 
Nero, Julian the apostate and Judas the traitor! 
May the Lord judge them as He Judged Dathan 
and Abiram ! May the earth swallow them up 
alive ! Let them be cursed day and night, 
sleeping and waking, in eating, in drinking 
and in playing, when they speak and when 
ibey keep silence! May ihetr eyes be blinded, 
their ears deaf, their tongue dumb! Cursed be 
eveiy member of their body ! Let them be 
cursed from to-diiy and forever! May their 
sepulchre be that of dogs and asses ! May 
famished wolves prey i.pun their corpses and 
may their eternal company be Ihat of the devil 
and his angels. 

The Guardian says, commenting on the 
above: "Archbishop Manning in England 
and the Bishop of Santander in Spain are 
equally representatives of the 'infallible' 
Church of Koine. What has the former to 
say t) the latter?"— iV. Y. Herald. 

Extra Copies of the "Journal" 
will be sent free to teachers and othe 
desire to make an effort to secure a i 


Sir Frederick Thesiger, afterward Lord 
Chelmsford, being engaged in the conduct 
of a case, objected to the irngularity of a 
learned sergeant, who repeatedly put leading 
questions in examining his witnesses. " I 
have a riaht," maintained the sergeant, 
doggedly, " to deal with my witnesses as I 
please." "To that I offer no objection," 
retorted Sir Fredeiick : "you may deal as 
you like, but yuu sha'u't lead." — London 

John Bell, founder of the Loudon BelVs 
Weekly Messenger, which has just ohangi-d 
hands, was, acci-rdiug to Leigh Hunt ( once 
its editor), tho first printer who confined the 
letter " s " to its present shape, and rejected 
altogether the old f-like form. 

Phoebe Cousins has written a letter to 
President Arthur, requesting that all post- 
offices be closed on Sunday. If there is any 
other little thing that Phtebe would like, 
she had better mention it right now while 
the country is looking at her. 

/^(ift HT-rft /u^ <fe« 'lM€r>.r/,f/ /yr///ji^< /taif^/tafl' l/ie/Jt>ftr/er/r r/ Jff///a/ 1/^ 

niasfs.siisgiyi^i ^J^/i^^5 

BpatftaiMjin Oiiiia sa^iif i^ AtfUTP- 

ftc/i/ tilt/ %/cui/iiij fiftd' iitie/itap/te'-€t/f It iia^ 


'lluaCciitcniiial Cluiil lUualrating 111 

(pyHTm (SmJUmmirfrSflfotir I 

IlK-malisllcUluml led liiMoo of 


j ^^; 

COMMPNTS OF ElMINENT IMen AWjB Tr*fii:^I^C5.Sv, 3cfe>^ 

^j AjToii.fYUi_N( Lu.arr.5-;\V^isliin^otti).C. ,^; StcRciAinr U.S.InEAsiTttr; ^ BnrnsHftfansttn.'lVaRliiugtou.DlC 

""•"'" S'o" '"-' (V ThcCOTlranialTirlnreofProsrrasisflVfnit M U'asliiugtou.D.C. V, "TlloCmlcDHijtl Pictiiro om-ogicss is 

The llustrntionoftluaibjcd ^nilmirabli' * ofgicaialnUtynnarcalgcaiuii." '/ "ItisnbcuuIiftlUrork.ofarl." T t».Ttaiiilj-.i»tn-kof i*i-ca[ iiilficsl . " 

"IIU^TO iu4<-Dloufi Asa skillful XlicTrtislhasiaosthaniilygronpedilio "ItL3oiicoftluMu«slh;murltabIceHijKs I "llisamarvdoiLiproducIioQoflhfpeu 

piece cfjciiuirninlilplndiiliv It -Its I s«nciwIildiilltHlrateUiciiiUioiispco9«i orihcngcaiiilihcmoilanislicCcuiaminl anildcscrvcs n[Hjiccluc\crylMimc Ui 

composition is %c[t itriltlntf onmiid Uic tvrB Qxa luRloric papers. " prodncUou tt-c Imrc sccu ." oiir land ' ' 

ntl»amAMcTjrtccccilj>aliciiu-aiul-.liill ni8a|«moramflgivniaiuai{JflDccDicris« 'HLscmeof dicmtetiiuSciuuiiaaiiil re- "■Iti^oiiiptrfiraaiTC^ rfdlUU nnd 

Ijyliirllicniosl mcrilorious clTort of llio mmptti^trcssoroui cfiiumTUstrausfor- mortuUilc producUoiiR oTtliL-paicvtr constttulea auuwteniiccoof pciinuiu- 

kiudtccliaircverfteeu." mnUoulrouinwiIUai]KsmlDap.^mloosiuiliiiir piwluMd in tills coimliy," flupaQilaincImuorgrBailiisloriciuUTcst:' 4H 

' ' ;^:\ ^ 

Cbizt JrsTicE c 

, ' r (J'^^ZOS^OAOWAVjvJ.^^i 


■mie atom cul is fUto-tvgraved from an engrossed letter from the Svpermlendent of PuMic Instruction ff New Jersei/, in uhose tleparlment the Centennial Picture of 
Progress teas eihihited at the Centennial Exhibition. Copies of the aiove-named picture (23x28) are given free to evenj subscriber to the "Journal," 

or 18x40 for 25 cents additimml. 

Index to Volume VI. 

^ Sp^imen of Cnrelau nnd IropndeDt Corre- 

V Fow SiifTfrestlooi for PraMioe of Wriliog. . 2 . 

A Sinpiliir Fact 

A oatrerin^ Corr««|>ondetioe> 

A Rpelling-Beform Inovftoble 


A nr«<at EngiaMring Sobeme 

A Fire Penmnn'* Will (Story, by Kary I 

\*kfA Many Queotloiu . . 

o ChriitmM Days, by Mary E. 
) Element of Siicc«m, by Prwl. 

li of Erneal Duty Spenour 

«Honul Not«i byB.F.Kelley 

Ignor^ve and Supentilion 

Hon in Pracfl Wril'g. No. 17. by E 

Utter Writing 

Xjagv Cities o( the World 

Left-hftnd Writing 

l-tutonM in Box-Markbg . 

MMkwoirB CompeBdiMin 
Helhoda of Toaohing l>e 



Mixed PoilBire Blainns 


Our Premium LUt for leea 

Our Assoeiale— On tlio Way and at Jerasalem 

Obligation to tbe Pen 

Oripn of Nnmea of tbo Day« in a Woek 

tr-LuMon. by tl C Speniw 

tod)-. Ity Cm)per 

ol vt. Bualneas Writing . 

Stray Thouglits ol Hip SuIiJpc 

School Slutee 

Shattered Romance (Poem) .. 

I. Goldflertificato.. 

Telegraph CudeH end Ciphers. . 

The BlaokliDBTd In TeiwbSng Wrillng 
To PtofeBBional and Aninteiir Panmcn. 
Time for M™ lo Fly _. .. 

f Art ol Lettor.Writing fi . 

e Ink.liae of the Guttle-flah ,., 7 . 

eHighSobool 8 [ 

BoadenioftlicJounXAL 9 , 

e MiMton of a Newspaper Wrapper (Story) U . 

n Hovemen 

Writing In the Public Soboola 

Weil Doing (Poetry) , 

What ill MoneyT 

What Shall I Do to Become a Oood Penman 1 
Were We ITneocommodatiDg ! 

W. W.Wimlell r> . 

Why I Tiik.- Mor.- i;»ut> Wild My Writing... 6 . 

Writing— V-'-ifTi^iv mul I'.'-.luv, byKelley.. 9 . 

Who W«» Primitive Man T 10 . 

Writing in the New York Publio SchooU U . 

WrilePlainly U . 

Wial'sthoDifferentsl 12 . 

Writing in Country Schooli, by 0. G. Porier. 12 . 

V Vcar'gCard ,. J. H. Barlow 

While Antelope.. 

FlonriihPrt Bird nnd Writing G 

Exercise* for FWrighing 

Sperimen.pftge from <rorK 00 Penmanahip, 

rulili-lied in 1738 ( 

Specimen Diplimm.. 

Commerclat Work.. 

1 Writiog. . 

Box- Marking. 

Ornndpapn's Writing-maater (Copied]. 


No. ID. 
Poiition of Arm for MnBOUlar 1 
Bird and Specimens of Letter-writing.. 

Box-Morking (Specimen) 

Biiickboanl Writing 

■SpeoimeTi of Engnuaing. , 

Fiouriahed Bird .A. W. Du 

Ho. 11. 

Position of Hand and Copies L.'P. Spei 

Scroll, Plourislied Bird and Lord'v Pmyer 
in Shorthund S. K. W.i. 

Flourialied Bird, from Gem City BuHiiieu Gollegi- 

Plouriatiiug and Letler-writiog., \i 

Autographs .Pupils of O. W Mi. i 

Three pug<« ol Hiaoellaneou» Cats— illiistralii'i" .1 
applitation of pi in to-engraving to pen-an.l-iiik .ir!u> 1 

Staodard Roman Alpha! 
Engrosaed Letter 


D Handn- 

" If Jdues undertakes to pull my 
said a luud spoken young man, " hv' 
have his hands full." Those who 
him looked at his ears and smiled. 

The Packard Gommercia/ An'fhmefic, 

By S. S. PACKAKU, of Packaui.'s Businkss Ciillbc.k. 



1. (JliMl'LF.TK, ;Kn pp , large oclsvn. •>. SciIo,.i„ •'tr, ,.,. .1 1... .„„. 


TbB oompleie book oovera. m Ihe moat tatiBfacIory way. me entire range of oommennni Bubjecis j^h. 
ivitbout doubt. Ilu must Iharough. as well as the moil reUahlt, ba.lneiw arithinetlo before the piibllo. 

The School edition ooinprises tbetnidn porlioD of the larnfer work, oniilllng only the more dilQaalt and ul.-i 

Metail rricex: Complete Edition, $1.50; School Edition, $1. 
Prices to Schools: Complete Edition, $1; School Edition, 75 cents. 

S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, 805 Broadway, New York. 


Frank flnmimrtn, proprietor of Ooodmun's Husloess I 0. A (Jatkttl, Prioolpal Gaskell's Bualues. Colli 
C0lle([f8 of Nashville and Kooxville. Tenii.— " I ose your I Jem^y City. N. J.— "The Packard Arithmetic ivtts ad 


altogether, aa v 




Joreuy City, N. 

agree with bim. 
buelnesB oo lieges 











cr>- reep«'l 

mlra, N 







Book-keeping, of whioli you are nuthor, I lla^' 
■olenllflcally and pmclictLlly. Youhav«dug dec 

admirable gmap of suttjeou, pliii'i! n W\ 1 .m, i 

J. E, .SouU. Principal Bryant ic giratton'a Busi 

R. LUlibridge, Prinoipal Br>-flnt A StrBtfcin'a Bosl- 
""eg*. Davenport. Iowa—- We like ilie Prtcliard 

e apotber hwdrM} «ople#." 

oad the reeultit lue •atinfaotor}'." 


Writ* plainly on all poetal-carrls. The 
time of a puetiuistre»3 is valuable. 

A papyrus contaiuing the Iliiid has been 
discovered in an Athenian monastery. It is 
said to have been written three centuries 
before our era. — School Journal. 

The postmaster of Bathurst, X. B., has 
the following notice posted up in his offiee : 
"All persons having no busint-Bs in this 
offire will please iransact it as soon aa pos- 
sible and leave." — Hartford Courant. 

The pen engraves for every art, lind in- 
dites fur every press. It is the preservative 
<if language, the business man's security, 
the poor boy's patron, and the ready ser- 
vant of the world of mind. 

An exchange says that the six young 
ladies who liave been encamping in North 
Carolina without male escort were armed 
''mens conscia recti," and other suitable 
weal ""S- Somebody wants to know if the 
" oonscia recti " are needle-gun-. 

A great many things are accepted by us, 
as a matter of course, in this country. An 
Austin notary was called to take the acknow- 
ledgment of a witness to a deed. He wrote 
nut: "To me, well known, personally ap- 
peared by the May, what is your name, 

anyhow ? "—Texas Siftings. 

Conditionally. — "You write a beauti- 
ful hand. I wish that I had such a hand," 
said Mr. Flasher to a lady-clerk at the 

"Am I to consider this as a proposal?" 
asked the bright lady. 

"Well — er — yes — if ray wife is willing 
to let me utf," replied the accomplished 





FREE to all who send 50 cents for one year's subscription 
to the Penman's Gazette. 

50 Elegant Oscar Wild Bevels are still Offered as Premium. 

G. W. Ware, of Sfvoy, Tenac, says he sold part of thp im Gild-edge Cards he 
received as premium for 50 cents. So he has the paper and 100 Gilt-edge Cards free! 





ibeirwnbiiK Addrew Pknsian b Akt JOURHAL, 

i CAPITALS 'dtfftr. 
L MaDjUUBK Box 2105 

C\Rr) 1 <> 1 M I I 

yoUH an graph t 


$1,000 to $10,000 Life Insurance Benefit in case of Death. 
$10 to $25 Weekly Indemnity in case of Accident. 



Hon. Edwakd D. LoVBttlDGE, Pres't of Bank of Cuba, N. Y. 
E. C. HA/iHD, firm of E. C. Hazard & Co.. Wholesale Grooels, > 
Geo. W. Lewis, Esq., Bridgeport, Conn. 
E. H. Potter, Eb(]., firm of Dodge, Potter & Co., Bankers, 

New York. 
Lemuel H. Wilson, Treaa. N. T. & Allaniie R. R. 

Co., New York. ^^ 

Lewis A. Osborn, New York. \^ 

E. D. WjiEELEE M.D., Now York. - .(p^'^ 











Geo. W. Lewis, Frcsidctu. 
Lewis A. OSBOHN, F.-P. ,l- Gen' 
Lemuel H. Wilson, Treasurer 
G. T. PO'ITEB, Secretary. 
Examining Finance Committee. 
Hon. Edward D. Loveridge, E. H. Poitkr, Esq. 
Medical Director : E. D. Whkeler. 
Counsel: Winkikld, Leeds &. Mouse, 120 Broadway, New York. 


upon Satisfactory Proof of Claim, 


One Advance Assessment from Every Member 

Satisfactory Terms made with good parties to act as Agents. 



iiu\ei d tdt. 1 I y ll (. ] (.H |i leisi i il (.eniiiau ; 

illy to be the most t^mprolieumvu, piactioat aiiii ailiatic guide to i rudtnental ] 
nsbip ever publislied Sent, poit ]iaid, to any address on receipt of $4 50, 
imiuin for a olub of 12 snbsonberB to the Journal 
The above out repre«eDt£ the title pa^e of the work, which u 1 1 z 14 in e se. 


lAPILinUM tStone-Ckthi. 

Rolls tighlljr, like a map, wtthoot injury. Unequaled 


36 inohes wide, 1 mwkiDff siirraeo, per linear ya«l, $1.50 

Black Diamond Slating. 

Th'! Iic8l Liquid Shtiixj (without exception) f(yr 
Walla and Wooden BlackboarcU. 

applied with aoownion brush to auy gurfuce, up in 


Pi»r,eL25i Quart, $9: Half-Gallon, $3,50; Gallon, $6,50. 

One quarte asily coverm 50 square feel willi tliree noata, 

U»ed and gives Perfect Salisfaclunt in 
Columbia College (Sohool of MiDes) - New York City. 

Columbia Grammar School ... - 

College of Pbysidans and Surgreum - 

Univeralty of the Cily of New York . 

College of the City of New York . - 

College of Pbtirmacy ■" " "' 

College of Si. Francis Xavier . ... ' 

Lafayette College Baston, Pa 

Stevens High School " ' " ' 

Univeraity of Miasiseippi Oxford, Miu. 

.State Normal School Oshkoab.Wfa, 

Bingham School Mebnneville, N, C. 

Loug Island Hospital Medical College - Brooklyn, N. Y, 






Plain. Without Shelf. 
18x24 Inches 

" 3Ruledformuuo " " 2,75 

This is universally admitted to be the beit 
material for blackboard in use. 

la-tf 205 Broadway, New York. 








Columbus, Ohio, is the largest factnrvin the world 
for first-ciasa Buggies, Phtctoi.s, Surreys and Car- 
riages, and do give more real value for the money 
than any othar manufacturers. Pcalers sell our 
vehicles everywhere. Name of nearest wiU b« 

An I •-JOIUt.'VAI. 




AdaptwJ lor use witli or willioul Text-Book, 
and llie only set recorameuded to 


Bryant & Stratton' 
Counting-House- Book keeping." 




FATomMe nmin^<'in<'ntR made n-ilh BiuinMt CoUegM 

Deacriptive Lut d«\t remly. CorrespoDileuM iuvtled. 


larly HdHptcd fur Piililio nnil I'rivate Sdhmilg nnd Book- 
Sent PoBt-ptiid on receipt ol i!5 ceiita. 


119 , 

< 121 Wll 

I Street, New York 

Shading T Square. 

liprewitb Specim 
he rapidity of free 

ns of Timing, pholo- 


YOUK, July 27, 1880- 
lie great Bcype aod per- 

«*[«<■' f'liiy. 0. 

e to every poMlble (eat, 

;. 81CKKL8. 


Yoiut. Sept. 9. leeo. 

YoD can leodra th« Twy but 


H. W. KJBBE, Ulica,^ 

SOS Broadwv. Maw York. 




and MODElUf 

of tbe 

, engraved in the 

A. mn^ificeiit Royal Quarto volume, will give Bpecim^tis from all the beet i 

highest Biyle of ibe art. 
Among theee are Twenty full- page Alphabets from a leading penman of Paris; several other pages of New Alphabets by Jteineclc 

H'eimor/the great pen-artist of Germany, and Edouard Heinrick Mayer, one of the finest India-ink workers in Saxony; another, TWENTY 

PAGES OP Ancient Lettering of the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries, Old Pen-dkawings and Flourishing. 
Off-haud Flourishing, with full directions and Bpecimens from leading English and American penmen, occupies several other pages. 
Business-Writing from alt tbe best penmen of the United Slates and Canarla, splendidly lithographed by Donaldson .Bros., New York ; 

full-page plates^ 
Teaching Penmanship; a full chapter; Penmanship as a Profession; Kequirements ; Personal Appearance; Good Company; the Best 

Analysis to Follow; John D.Williams's Plan: with many other important Hints. All handsomely illustrated with wood-engravings by 

the best artists a liberal outlay of money could secure. 
Business Letter -Writing. A chapter is devoted to this important branch, which will be appreciated by all penmen. It is altogether new 

and wholly unlike anything ever before publishi>d. 
How TO Prepare Specimens for Photo-Engraving, and other etjually important chapters. 
Also, Thirty-six Pages of Elaborate Pen-Drawings, by European Artists. 


sngraved as to be a crei 



Post Office Box 1534, 

A. a^SKELL, Publisher, 


S(>!»(sV\%%V«».\«i\oV\i\&«\\ii>^VV\\&^^^ 'R\i5L^'i\ tVkl 


m Sertes w 

^OP^l^„STUl Pi/VS M use "• ■ ., , , 




H.X Ames. HDH HHaanwAY. 


12-11 1^* Please post this where it can bo seen. 

Happy New Year Cards for 1883. 


^^^ff ^^® ^ #— / 

Your Money Returned 

13-6t ' Addreu C. H. PuaCB, Koukuk, lo 




L. J. RlUEK, Principal 


J Publidliera, 



Manual of Business Practice, 

Detroit, Mich 

p N. Cramolu 
flourisliiDf U most 

Vki JoruN VI, 





A New and Improved Work on Business Calculations, 

Specially Prepared as a Practical Text-book for Business Colleges, 

High Schools, Academies and Universities. 


When first published, it at once received the Ptrougest inilorBemetit ol many of Ihe 
leading bueineeij educators in thin country, and waR adopted by over one hundred prominent 
Busineee Colleges and Privale Scliouls in the United States and the Canadae. 

Since that time it lias been able not only to retain eVKRY one of its patrons, but also to 
secure othera, in such numbers that four large editions have been consumed in supplying the 


JuBt published (512 royal ocIhto pages), has been revised, and improved by the addition ot 

many new and valuable plat 

together with the 
•ation of the work 

of all typographical i 
iplele edition, for the i 

the pub] 

In addition to the pi 
patrons it is also publiahea i 


Comprisee 192 royal octavo pages, beginning with the introduction of Arilhmetic, and 
to the subject of Percentage, The methods are adapted to daily use, very practic 
brace many novel features, 


Begins with the subject of Perceutiige, and embraces a thorough, exhaustive, and put 
practical treatment of the various arithmetical topics, in a systematic and natural order. 

This portion of the work (^-)8 royal octavo pages) was first published in September, 18S0. 
Its success was quick and complete, and the demand for a new edition became as impel a- 
live as llattering. It is honestly believed that this Arithmetic, as now published, presents such 
s of improvement and progress as Justify the claim that it is more thorough, complete and 
' " r work now before tlie public. 

a text-book for Business Colleges and Schools, attention is invited to a 
ials which have been received from ■palTom only, who have tested the 


practical ihi 

/n«of the many tesli 
work in their respect: 


of. S. Bofcnrilui, SfriogBeld. 

. C. Spencer. Wa*biDgton.—"Un(nieelignftbly 
C. Spencer. MUtraukee. — "A tuperior work 

lully ,: 


no^-cluiwdin of 

\WilIiaraB, 1 

Bulislaction. Admirebly niiaptet 
niheU. Jersey City, — "' I conaiilf 
. Carpenter. Rt. Louis.—" It ia i 

t eqaallctl bj 

Di iBbell HDd Miller, Terre Haute.— "II baa our 

r. L. A. Gray— "It ia givioy perfect aatiafuolion In 

f. C. C. CoPbran, Piltabiirgli.— "The beat, moit 

gb, HDd most praclical aritboieilo ejttant." 

'. L. W. Hart, Bnwtlyn.— "It li lUe beat, and 

- L, L. Sprague. Kingston, Pa.—" It eppliea Ihe 
<!«• of unibroetio to buaioeaa more aadalaclurtlly 

in, Chatham, Oat.- " Without 

Battle CrGek.- "][ ia Juat wliat is 

AUon's Grove. Wis— "It ia worthy 

Carbart, Alt>a»y. — "After a thorough 

t lompl 

C. L. CniMwelter. Pickering College, Oi 


■. Ues a 

" Hav< 

f. Sterling, HI.— "It ia emiaeotly a 

highest praise."' 

\uguata. Me. — " It deserves a plaw 

, Onarga, 111.— "After thoroughly 




The name Sftncennn has been identihed with a leading system of instruction in writing 
for over forty years. Our Copy-books have borne that designation since 1854. and our Steel 
Pens since IStiO. More recently it has also been used by us as a special Iradt mar* for all our 
penmanship publications and slalioners' opeciallies. 

recognized eveiywhere as a guaranty oi the superiority of anything which bears 

that well-kno 

ndard dt-f 


Are used by all the best penmen in the country. Tliey combine a degree of elasticity and a 
smoothnes'of point not ionnd in any other pens. 

Samples of the PINK-POIXT pens sent on receipt of 3-cent stamp. 


Complaint? are constantly roade of difficulty in getting good ink ; and aa novelties are 
continually being brought out, tliey are tried in'the liope that they may prove free from the 
usual defects. The original receipts from which the Spencerian Black Ink is made have been in 
use in England for over one hundr/d year*. .The proprietors liare devoted the greatest care 
and personal attention to their preparations, and fully believe that their excellence will be 
appreciated by all who may use them. 



The points of superiority whicdi we claim (or these pencils are, the FlXEST Grapbite, 

Sample-box, containing TEN pencils, of one grade, or assorted sizes, will be sent, 
for trial, by mail, on receipt of 40 cents. 


Presents not only Standard Alphabets and Figures, but n test sentence, embracing the entire 
small alphabet. The mastery of this sentence gives, in practical writin.-, the key to all combi- 
nations of small letters. The various scales of writing required in buok-keepiug, business 
forms aird correspondence, as published on this Ruler, makes it invaluable to college-studeuis, 


This new and improved penholder enables one to write on the points of Ihe pen, instead 
of across them, as with the ordinary straight penholder. The result ia at once apparent in a 
greatly increased ease and smuothneBB in the work of writing. By the use of Ihis holder the 
pen itaelf always acts upon both poi.its, on the up and Ht).vn strokes, and besides, by the oblique 
principle, without cramping the position of the hand, the pen is thrown at theproper angle to 

the letlei 

For the c 

' of teachers, we wi 
We Cannot Fill Ordek; 

i one dozen, postpaid, on rec 
; Less than One Dozen. 

ipt of $1. 

Ivison, Blakeman, Taylor & Co., 

753 and 755 Broadway, New York. 

^^If you order phase mention this paper. 6-12u 

published. Kgi 

[. C. Coi 

r, N. H.— "Most practical 

r. H- 

leutly i.moticttl. lu typography la one ot its apeoial 

Prof. H. S. Doggelt, Supl. Soboola, C— "H ts pi» 

roogly iudo. 


SPECIMEN-PAGES will be mailed to any addi-esa on receipt of Stamp. 

Complete Edition, Express or Post-paid, on receipt of ^3.35. 


For the use of Teachers and Private PnpiU, 
a work contaiuiug answers to all the ' 
problems in the Comi-lkte Edi- 
tion, will be mailed on receipt 
of ^ cents. 

Bmnf. Stratton & Sadler Business Golle<^e, 

H. W. KIBBE, Utica, N. Y. 

The Leading Work on Commercial Law. 

Class-Book of Commercial Law 

rajfu, dttckt, bitlni/ tad- 
1(1 uiury, tal€ o/ pergonal 




Piinoipal ot the Albany Biuioew 


iiigbly laiiglil by malL 
HULTO.v. Pitlgburgtt, Pa. 

tiMY oblique: HOLDER"— tho best and band- 
IVI ■..u>o.t in UM, by Jiiuil, per doKeii. oaly •l.UO 
Siugle UnldM, Biiciirely puukwl. 16 cent*. Greeu Blampi 
lulieD. Addnu, PfuncK's BusiMKsa COI.I.EOX, 

f^iii Vj()vti\\i. 

The Book-keeper 



Published Fortnightly. 

i Editors. 

The Leading Accountants of Americ 

Devoted to all matters of special interest 
to Accountants. Bankers. Merchants. 
Manufacturers. Counting-room 
Attaches. Instructors of Ac- 
counts, and all persons 
having to do with 
the keeping of 

of account. 

ncient and modern system 

keeping reviewed and exen 

ractical problems and questic 

sed and elucidated 

of Book- 

ubscripiion. S^-Oo pt^r ^.nnu 
copies. 8 cents. 

n. Smgle 

pecimen copies sent free to prospective 

An Agent wanted in every 

city in the 

United States and Canada. Full 
pensation guaranteed. 

The Book-keeper, 
29 Warren Street, New York. 
Posi-Office Address. P. O. Box 2126. 










VmbmclngllieTlii-nryiiTiil I'l !K'(k<!of Acc-oiiiil-*; 

and Jiilupt 
and to Bull- 
New Voi'k, 
Price by iiml 

^o.iciiow l.iioio 111.- public. 



\ poat-pald, SOeti. 


a. SomplM SENT FREE. 
I1E8. 90ft BnMdwsy, New York. 



ODil lu lell popular pabUostiooi upt 
The following !■ a lUt of tbe works whicb wo o 


8p«ii<-«rU>D Compeadiuni in parta (ii i>BrU 


The undersigiieii, wlio Ims fur years followed the profeaaion uf card-writing, And whoe, 
naniK is familiar in all parts of the country, estaems it a pleasure to announce that he has ;et I 
know of the first instance wherein his work has failed to give perfect eaiiBfaction. 

s ^ I o 

i- ►^ - CO 

1 c 







k - ^^ 



\ n^ 



^ ^ 



U) a I 

No. 1. Plain cards, best ouality 3:Jc. 

" -2. Plain cards, wedding Bristol 35 

■' 3. Gill-edge, etc.. assorted styles of corners 36 

" 4. Tinted BristuI, choice colors 33 

" 5. Peach Bristol, very delicate tint 35 

" 6. Bevel-edge, very finest and moat popular style to be secured, 

" 7. "Elite," very fashionable and the latest production ... 45 
•• 8. Pen-Houi'ished, all different; and being models of fine flourishing 

are highly prized by students 75 

p A p I T A I Q executed with a pen. Conceded by all to be tlte handsomest ever sent oi 
L*rtri I nLO, penman, price 25c.; 2 eets (different), 40c. FLOURISHING 

gems), name price. 

Brilliant Black Ink Recipe, ^ 

( by any 

! quart uf the finest ink, $1.30, by express. 


p. 0. BOX 2105, NEW YORK CITY. 

aamplett, etc.. of cards, allowing the wonderful 


MariOBVllle, Onondaga Ooanty, New York, 

W Reoipea) Contents: Blaok, Z 
indji) Carmine, Qold, Silver, 




for the suiiiH. For IHplmnat and SptciTne7i Work, ov\ 
FACIUTIKB AUK UNEQUALBD. TbMe wlabluv work 1: 

jlMwLvre. College Curreucy, Tcatimoaiolj, Certifioatei 
905 Broadway, New York. 

sent by i 


dttiuiabed, |l. Suople, it5 »(•. b7f. KsiluiT. " *** 
aw Broadway, N, ' 


,3-slieet thick. kx: 

Ficnch B. B„ 24x34. 

Card Board. iijtSS, for wliitc Ink.. 

Cai'dA per 100... 

Cards imi- thousand, by expresa . . 

Black Cai'd» per H 

Wliat'a di'ing-paper, hot-presB, 15x20.{ IS fl 19 

" ■' " 17x22, a> S 00 

19x24, 80 S 30 

BUmk Bristol Board CarOs, per 100 tt 

•* " •' 1000, by •■:. 1 il 

WinsorAKewton'sBnprsup. Ind. Ink.BtlCk i M 

by mail - 20 


I, very Sue, for dra 

. Paokoid'B Gem* . . 


mal Syitem of Floi 


So 3 ■' '3*X4* ■■ ^M 

'"L^ted'"""' °"ri/e"** "'*''*' *"' ' 

Dgth per yard, ^ ^ 

4G iDche.s n-ide. per yard, ilated 
iquid SlatiDff, tbe best in um, fur 

Mthnide. 3 25 

^= No goods sent by mail o 
umpanied by caah to one-balf of 
eoeive attention. DANIF.L. T 

apon poital-card* will 


Universal Shorthand— Sawyerography. 

Sawyerogrspy \» tbe greatest inventiou of modem ti]iit> 




lO-U 735 EROADVAY. N. Y. 

Ill Pn»Ucul QuMtlou, ».ll. Ai..»m , 
I 1 1 peDiniui.l.ii., luiadsunit-lj 1...U...I, for 
13-Ot AUUic^B Pnret'l Butinui VotUi/t, K